Cairo Metro Line 2

Cairo Metro Line 2 is the second line of the Cairo Metro in Cairo, Egypt.

Line 2
Shobra El Kheima - El Mounib
Cairo metro logo2012.svg
Egypt.Cairo.Metro.04.jpg
Attaba station
Overview
Native nameالخط الثاني
StatusOperational
OwnerNational Authority for Tunnels (Egyptian state)[1]
LocaleCairo
TerminiEl Mounib
Shubra el Kheima
Stations20
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemCairo Metro
Operator(s)Cairo Metro - The Egyptian Co. for Metro Management & Operation[2]
Daily ridership895,000 (FY 2009/2010)[3]
History
Opened1996
Technical
Line length21.6 km (13.42162 mi)[4]
CharacterMixed[4]
2 Stations Elevated
6 Stations At-grade
12 Stations Underground
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
ElectrificationThird rail, 750 V DC[5]
Operating speed100 km/h (62 mph)

HistoryEdit

Cairo's metro network was greatly expanded in the mid-1990s with the building of Line 2 (red), from Shoubra-El-Kheima to Cairo University, with an extension to Giza.

It is the first line in history to have a tunnel going under the Nile.[6][7] The tunnel under the Nile is 8.35m in internal diameter and was constructed using two Herenknecht bentonite slurry shield TBMs, which are 9.43m in diameter.[6] Extending 21.5 kilometres (13 mi) with 20 stations, it is sometimes called the "Japanese-Built Line".[citation needed] It is mostly in bored tunnel, with two exceptions: a short section at the northern end approaching Shubra El-Kheima which is elevated, and a section just south of this by cut-and-cover. The main difference between Lines 1 and 2 is that Line 1 uses an overhead line while Line 2 uses the third-rail system.[citation needed] The construction of the line was finished in October 2000 and was later extended to El Mounib.[6] The communication for line 2 was provided by Alcatel in 2005.[8]

Total project cost was 761 million euros.

After the 2011 Egyptian revolution, the station "Mubarak" has been renamed and is now called "Al-Shohadaa" (Arabic for "martyrs").

  • October 1996 Shobra - Mubarak (now:"Al-Shohadaa"), 8 kilometres (5 mi)[9]
  • Sept 1998: Mubarak (now:"Al-Shohadaa") - Sadat, 3 kilometres (2 mi)[9]
  • April 19, 1999: Sadat - Cairo University, 5.5 kilometres (3 mi) (including crossing of the Nile)[9]
  • October 8, 2000: Cairo University - Giza Suburban 2.7 kilometres (2 mi)[9]
  • January 17, 2005: Omm el Misryeen - Monib 2.5 kilometres (2 mi)[9]

ConnectionsEdit

To other Metro linesEdit

Line 2 connects to Line 1 at Shohadaa and Sadat Stations, and with Line 3 at Attaba Station.

To other forms of transitEdit

Shohadaa Station is immediately next to Ramses Station, providing access to Egyptian National Railways long-haul and short-haul domestic passenger service. Cairo Transport Authority buses and private microbus services are also nearby.

Access to Cairo International Airport is expected via transfer to Line 3 upon completion of Phase 4 in early 2020.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "TWINNING PROJECT FICHE - Assistance to the Egyptian Metro Company (ECM) in Reforming Railway Safety Regulations, Procedures and Practices" (PDF). Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  2. ^ "About Company". Cairo Metro. Archived from the original on 17 August 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  3. ^ "The Development of Passenger Traffic for The Two metro lines since inauguration (the first 87/88, the second 96/97) Until 2009/2010" (in Arabic). Cairo Metro. Archived from the original on 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2014-08-04.
  4. ^ a b "Line 2". National Authority for Tunnels. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  5. ^ Banerjee, M.K.; El Hoda, N. (October 1998). "Review of the automatic train control system for Cairo Metro line 2". Power Engineering Journal. IET. 12 (5): 217–228. doi:10.1049/pe:19980506. ISSN 0950-3366.
  6. ^ a b c "Greater Cairo Metro Network". Egyptian Tunneling Society. 2007-04-15. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  7. ^ "Cairo's metro goes under Nile". World: Middle East. BBC News. 1999-04-19. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
  8. ^ "Alcatel extends the communications infrastructure of Cairo's metro line 2". Paris: Alcatel Lucent. 2005-04-26. Archived from the original on 2005-10-23. Retrieved 2008-10-27.
  9. ^ a b c d e "CAIRO". urbanrail.net. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  10. ^ https://www.masrawy.com/news/news_egypt/details/2019/7/24/1606695/النقل-تعلن-موعد-انتهاء-محطات-المرحلة-الرابعة-بالخط-الثالث-للمترو