Cabinet of Manuel Isidoro Belzu

The Belzu Cabinet constituted the 17th to 22nd cabinets of the Bolivian Republic. It was formed on 10 February 1849, 66 days after Manuel Isidoro Belzu was installed as the 11th president of Bolivia following a coup d'état, succeeding the Fourth Velasco Cabinet. It was dissolved on 15 August 1855 upon the end of Belzu's term and was succeeded by the Cabinet of Jorge Córdova.[1]

Cabinet of Manuel Isidoro Belzu
Belzu Cabinet
Bandera de Bolivia (Estado).svg
17th–22nd Cabinet of the Bolivian Republic
1849–1855
11 - Manuel Isidoro Belzu (CROPPED).png
Date formed10 February 1849
Date dissolved15 August 1855
(6 years, 6 months and 5 days)
People and organisations
PresidentManuel Isidoro Belzu
No. of ministers4
Total no. of members15 (incl. former members)[a]
History
Election(s)1850 general election
PredecessorFourth Cabinet of José Miguel de Velasco
SuccessorCabinet of Jorge Córdova

CompositionEdit

Portfolio Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
President Manuel Isidoro Belzu Mil. Mil. 6 December 1848 15 August 1850 2,443
15 August 1850 15 August 1855 [2]
Secretary General[b] Manuel José de Asín Ind. Jur. 13 December 1848 17 January 1849 35 [3][4][5]
Lucas Mendoza de la Tapia Ind. Mag. 17 January 1849 10 February 1849 24 [6][7]
Minister of the Interior
and Foreign Affairs
Manuel José de Asín Ind. Jur. 10 February 1849 18 March 1849 36 [8][5]
Secretary General[b] Tomás Baldivieso Ind. Mag. 18 March 1849 9 June 1849 921 [9][10]
Minister of the Interior
and Foreign Affairs
9 June 1849 25 September 1851 [11]
Juan Crisòstomo Unzueta Ind. Mag. 25 September 1851 23 April 1852 293 [12][13]
Secretary General[b] 23 April 1852 11 July 1852 [14]
Minister of the Interior 11 July 1852 14 July 1852 [15]
Rudesindo Carvajal Ind. Law. 14 July 1852 6 September 1852 400 [16]
6 September 1852 6 July 1853 [17]
Minister of the Interior
and Worship
6 July 1853 18 August 1853 [18]
Joaquín de Aguirre Ind. Law. 18 August 1853 28 November 1853 530 [19]
Minister of the Interior 28 November 1853 6 December 1853 [20]
Secretary General[b] 6 December 1853 31 January 1854 [21]
Minister of the Interior
and Worship
31 January 1854 28 November 1854 [22]
Secretary General[b] 28 November 1854 24 December 1854 [23]
Minister of the Interior
and Worship
24 December 1854 30 January 1855 [24]
José María Valda[c] Ind. Law. 30 January 1855 15 August 1855 197 [25]
Minister of War José Gabriel Tellez Mil. Mil. 10 February 1849 31 January 1853 1,451 [8]
Gonzalo Lanza Mil. Mil. 31 January 1853 21 July 1853 171 [26]
Juan Crisóstomo Hermosa[d] Mil. Mil. 21 July 1853 24 December 1854 521 [27]
Luciano Alcoreza[d] Mil. Mil. 24 December 1854 15 August 1855 234 [24][28]
Minister of Finance Lucas Mendoza de la Tapia[e] Ind. Mag. 10 February 1849 9 June 1849 119 [8][7]
Rafael Bustillo Ind. Law. 9 June 1849 9 September 1851 822 [11][29]
Tomás Baldivieso[f] Ind. Mag. 9 September 1851 25 September 1851 16 [30][10]
Melchor Urquidi Ind. Mag. 25 September 1851 31 January 1853 494 [12]
Atanacio Hernández Ind. Law. 31 January 1853 18 August 1853 199 [26]
Manuel Eusebio Réyes[g] Ind. Law. 18 August 1853 28 November 1853 102 [19]
Minister of Finance
and Foreign Affairs
Rafael Bustillo Ind. Law. 28 November 1853 31 January 1854 64 [20][29]
Minister of Finance Manuel Eusebio Réyes[g] Ind. Law. 31 January 1854 8 November 1854 281 [22]
Rafael Bustillo Ind. Law. 8 November 1854 30 January 1855 83 [31][29]
Manuel Eusebio Réyes[g] Ind. Law. 30 January 1855 15 August 1855 197 [25]
Minister of Public Instruction Lucas Mendoza de la Tapia Ind. Mag. 10 February 1849 29 August 1849 200 [8][7]
Minister of Public Instruction
and Worship
José Manuel Loza Ind. Chan. 29 August 1849 3 January 1850 127 [32]
José Agustin de la Tapia Ind. Chan. 3 January 1850 25 September 1851 630 [33]
Domingo Delgadillo Ind. Chan. 25 September 1851 11 July 1852 290 [12][34]
Minister of Public Instruction
and Foreign Affairs
Rafael Bustillo Ind. Law. 11 July 1852 14 July 1852 360 [15][29]
Minister of Public Instruction,
Foreign Affairs, and Worship
14 July 1852 6 July 1853 [16]
Minister of Public Instruction
and Foreign Affairs
Joaquín de Aguirre Ind. Law. 6 July 1853 18 August 1853 43 [18]
Rafael Bustillo Ind. Law. 18 August 1853 28 November 1853 102 [19][29]
Minister of Public Instruction
and Worship
José Agustin de la Tapia Ind. Law. 28 November 1853 31 January 1854 64 [20]
Minister of Public Instruction
and Foreign Affairs
Rafael Bustillo Ind. Law. 31 January 1854 8 November 1854 281 [22][29]
Juan de la Cruz Benavente Ind. Law. 8 November 1854 9 September 1857 1,036 [31][35][h]

HistoryEdit

A few days after his assumption to office, Belzu charged all ministerial portfolios to Manuel José de Asín, as secretary general pending the formation of a proper ministerial cabinet. This charged was transferred to Lucas Mendoza de la Tapia on 17 January 1849. A full council of ministers was appointed on 10 February 1849, almost 2 months since the formation of the General Secretariat.

Due to various circumstances during Belzu's rule, the four ministries were reunited into a single General Secretariat during which time the minister of the interior was charged with executing all ministerial portfolios. This occurred on four occasions in 1849, 1852, from 1853 to 1854, and 1854. The longest of these was the first which lasted for 83 days between 18 March and 9 June 1849 while the shortest was the last at 26 days from 28 November to 24 December 1854.

The most prolific member of this cabinet was Rafael Bustillo who served a total of six different times, switching between the public instruction and finance portfolios. His longest single term was spent as minister of finance, lasting 822 days between 9 June 1849 and 9 September 1851. His shortest, at 64 days, came when he was reappointed to that position from 28 November 1853 to 31 January 1854. Cumulatively, he spent 1712 days (4 years and 8 months) as a government minister.

CabinetsEdit

Formed Days Decree
I 10 February 1849 119 Supreme Decree 10-02-1849
II 9 June 1849 838 Supreme Decree 09-06-1849
III 25 September 1851 290 Supreme Decree 25-09-1851
IV 11 July 1852 403 Supreme Decree 11-07-1852
V 18 August 1853 166 Supreme Decree 18-08-1853
VI 31 January 1854 561 Supreme Decree 31-01-1854

Structural changesEdit

Portfolio Part of Transferred to Date Decree
Worship None Ministry of Public Instruction 29 August 1849 Supreme Decree 29-08-1849
Ministry of Public Instruction None 11 July 1852 Supreme Decree 11-07-1852
Foreign Affairs Ministry of the Interior Ministry of Public Instruction
Worship None Ministry of Public Instruction 14 July 1852 Supreme Decree 14-07-1852
Ministry of Public Instruction Ministry of the Interior 6 July 1853 Supreme Decree 06-07-1853
Ministry of the Interior Ministry of Public Instruction 28 November 1853 Supreme Decree 28-11-1853
Foreign Affairs Ministry of Public Instruction Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Finance Ministry of Public Instruction 31 January 1854 Supreme Decree 31-01-1854
Worship Ministry of Public Instruction Ministry of the Interior

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Acting senior officers are not included in this count.
  2. ^ a b c d e Exerts command of all ministerial portfolios while the respective ministries are organized.
  3. ^ As Senior Officer of the Ministry of the Interior.
  4. ^ a b As Senior Officer of the Ministry of War.
  5. ^ As Minister of Public Instruction; acting for Tomás Frías who never took office.
  6. ^ As Minister of the Interior.
  7. ^ a b c As Senior Officer of the Ministry of Finance.
  8. ^ Belzu + Córdova.

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Mesa Gisbert 2003, pp. 322–323
  2. ^ "Ley de 14 de agosto de 1850". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 14 August 1850. Archived from the original on 25 October 2021. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  3. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 13 de diciembre de 1848". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 13 December 1848. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  4. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 13 de diciembre de 1848". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 13 December 1848. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Manuel José de Asín | Jurisconsulto y Político". rree.gob.bo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  6. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 17 de enero de 1849". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 17 January 1849. Archived from the original on 6 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  7. ^ a b c "Lucas Mendoza de la Tapia | Jurista, Político y Orador". rree.gob.bo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d "Decreto Supremo de 10 de febrero de 1849". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 10 February 1849. Archived from the original on 6 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  9. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 18 de marzo de 1849". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 18 March 1849. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  10. ^ a b "Tomás Baldivieso | Magistrado y Hombre Público". rree.gob.bo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  11. ^ a b "Decreto Supremo de 9 de junio de 1849". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 9 June 1849. Archived from the original on 6 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  12. ^ a b c "Decreto Supremo de 25 de septiembre de 1851". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 25 September 1851. Archived from the original on 6 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  13. ^ "Juan Crisòstomo Unzueta | Magistrado y Hombre Público". rree.gob.bo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  14. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 23 de abril de 1852". scholarship.rice.edu (in Spanish). 23 April 1852. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  15. ^ a b "Decreto Supremo de 11 de julio de 1852". scholarship.rice.edu (in Spanish). 11 July 1852. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  16. ^ a b "Decreto Supremo de 14 de julio de 1852". scholarship.rice.edu (in Spanish). 14 July 1852. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  17. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 6 de septiembre de 1852". scholarship.rice.edu (in Spanish). 6 September 1852. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  18. ^ a b "Decreto Supremo de 6 de julio de 1853". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 6 July 1853. Archived from the original on 6 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  19. ^ a b c "Decreto Supremo de 18 de agosto de 1853". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 18 August 1853. Archived from the original on 6 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  20. ^ a b c "Decreto Supremo de 28 de noviembre de 1853". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 28 November 1853. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  21. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 6 de diciembre de 1853". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 6 December 1853. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  22. ^ a b c "Decreto Supremo de 31 de enero de 1854". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 31 January 1854. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  23. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 28 de noviembre de 1854". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 28 November 1854. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  24. ^ a b "Decreto Supremo de 24 de diciembre de 1854". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 24 December 1854. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  25. ^ a b "Decreto Supremo de 30 de enero de 1855". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 30 January 1855. Archived from the original on 6 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  26. ^ a b "Decreto Supremo de 31 de enero de 1853". scholarship.rice.edu (in Spanish). 31 January 1853. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  27. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 21 de julio de 1853". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 21 July 1853. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  28. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 24 de diciembre de 1854". scholarship.rice.edu. 24 December 1854. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021. El despacho del Ministerio de la Guerra queda a cargo del Jefe de Estado Mayor Jeneral, Oficial Mayor Coronel Luciano Alcoreza.
  29. ^ a b c d e f "Rafael Bustillo | El hombre que resistió la geopolítica expansionista de Chile". rree.gob.bo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  30. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 9 de septiembre de 1851". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 9 September 1851. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  31. ^ a b "Decreto Supremo de 8 de noviembre de 1854". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 8 November 1854. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  32. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 29 de agosto de 1849". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 29 August 1849. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  33. ^ "Decreto Supremo de 3 de enero de 1850". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 3 January 1850. Archived from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  34. ^ "Domingo Delgadillo | Literato, Periodista, Diplomático y Educador". rree.gob.bo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  35. ^ "Juan de la Cruz Benavente | Político y Abogado Internacionalista". rree.gob.bo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2021.

BibliographyEdit