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Chromodomain-helicase-DNA-binding protein 4 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CHD4 gene.[5][6][7]

Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
AliasesCHD4, CHD-4, Mi-2b, Mi2-BETA, chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 4, SIHIWES
External IDsMGI: 1344380 HomoloGene: 68175 GeneCards: CHD4
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 12 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 12 (human)[1]
Chromosome 12 (human)
Genomic location for CHD4
Genomic location for CHD4
Band12p13.31Start6,570,082 bp[1]
End6,614,524 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE CHD4 201182 s at fs.png

PBB GE CHD4 201183 s at fs.png

PBB GE CHD4 201184 s at fs.png
More reference expression data
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC)Chr 12: 6.57 – 6.61 MbChr 6: 125.1 – 125.13 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse



The product of this gene belongs to the SNF2/RAD54 helicase family. It represents the main component of the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase complex and plays an important role in epigenetic transcriptional repression. Patients with dermatomyositis develop antibodies against this protein.[7]



  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000111642 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000063870 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:".
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  5. ^ Seelig HP, Moosbrugger I, Ehrfeld H, Fink T, Renz M, Genth E (Oct 1995). "The major dermatomyositis-specific Mi-2 autoantigen is a presumed helicase involved in transcriptional activation". Arthritis and Rheumatism. 38 (10): 1389–99. doi:10.1002/art.1780381006. PMID 7575689.
  6. ^ Seelig HP, Renz M, Targoff IN, Ge Q, Frank MB (Oct 1996). "Two forms of the major antigenic protein of the dermatomyositis-specific Mi-2 autoantigen". Arthritis and Rheumatism. 39 (10): 1769–71. doi:10.1002/art.1780391029. PMID 8843877.
  7. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: CHD4 chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 4".
  8. ^ a b Yao YL, Yang WM (Oct 2003). "The metastasis-associated proteins 1 and 2 form distinct protein complexes with histone deacetylase activity". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 278 (43): 42560–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.M302955200. PMID 12920132.
  9. ^ Grozinger CM, Hassig CA, Schreiber SL (Apr 1999). "Three proteins define a class of human histone deacetylases related to yeast Hda1p". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 96 (9): 4868–73. doi:10.1073/pnas.96.9.4868. PMC 21783. PMID 10220385.
  10. ^ a b Tong JK, Hassig CA, Schnitzler GR, Kingston RE, Schreiber SL (Oct 1998). "Chromatin deacetylation by an ATP-dependent nucleosome remodelling complex". Nature. 395 (6705): 917–21. doi:10.1038/27699. PMID 9804427.
  11. ^ Hakimi MA, Dong Y, Lane WS, Speicher DW, Shiekhattar R (Feb 2003). "A candidate X-linked mental retardation gene is a component of a new family of histone deacetylase-containing complexes". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 278 (9): 7234–9. doi:10.1074/jbc.M208992200. PMID 12493763.
  12. ^ a b Schmidt DR, Schreiber SL (Nov 1999). "Molecular association between ATR and two components of the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylating complex, HDAC2 and CHD4". Biochemistry. 38 (44): 14711–7. CiteSeerX doi:10.1021/bi991614n. PMID 10545197.
  13. ^ Yasui D, Miyano M, Cai S, Varga-Weisz P, Kohwi-Shigematsu T (Oct 2002). "SATB1 targets chromatin remodelling to regulate genes over long distances". Nature. 419 (6907): 641–5. doi:10.1038/nature01084. PMID 12374985.

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Further readingEdit