Călan (Romanian pronunciation: [kəˈlan]; German: Klandorf; Hungarian: Pusztakalán or Kalán) is a town in Hunedoara County, Romania. Twelve villages are administered by the town: Batiz (Batiz), Călanu Mic (Kiskalán), Grid, Nădăștia de Jos (Alsónádasd), Nădăștia de Sus (Felsőnádasd), Ohaba Streiului (Sztrigyohába), Sâncrai (Szentkirály), Sântămăria de Piatră (Kőboldogfalva), Strei (Zeikdorf; Zeykfalva), Strei-Săcel (Sztrigyszacsal), Streisângeorgiu (Sztrigyszentgyörgy) and Valea Sângeorgiului (Szentgyörgyválya).

Călan
Abandoned buildings of the Călan steel works
Abandoned buildings of the Călan steel works
Coat of arms of Călan
Location in Hunedoara County
Location in Hunedoara County
Călan is located in Romania
Călan
Călan
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°44′10″N 23°0′31″E / 45.73611°N 23.00861°E / 45.73611; 23.00861Coordinates: 45°44′10″N 23°0′31″E / 45.73611°N 23.00861°E / 45.73611; 23.00861
CountryRomania
CountyHunedoara
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Filip-Adrian Iovănesc[1] (PNL)
Area
101.55 km2 (39.21 sq mi)
Elevation
230 m (750 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
11,279
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.HD
Websitewww.primariacalan.ro

GeographyEdit

The town is located in the central part of the county, in the historical Țara Hațegului region. It lies in the Strei River valley, at 230 m (750 ft) altitude.

Crossed by the DN66 national road, Călan is at a distance of 10 km (6.2 mi) from Hunedoara, 15 km (9.3 mi) from Simeria, and 28 km (17 mi) from the county seat, Deva. The Călan railway station serves the CFR rail line connecting Simeria to Petroșani.[3]

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
196611,761—    
197712,397+5.4%
199214,738+18.9%
200214,714−0.2%
201111,279−23.3%
Source: Census data

According to the census from 2011 there was a total population of 11,279 people living in this town.

HistoryEdit

  • There was a village in Dacia known as Aquae. Archaeological evidence shows that the place was inhabited for a long time.
  • 1387 - First mentioned in a document.
  • 1961 - Călan became a town.

Ponts of interest include the Călan steel works, the Strei Church and the Streisângeorgiu Church.

NativesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ "Prezentare oraș". www.primariacalan.ro (in Romanian). Călan Townhall. Retrieved July 24, 2021.