Cúa (founded in 1690) is a small city capital of the Urdaneta Municipality, located in the Miranda State (Estado Miranda) in the north of Venezuela with an altitude of 490 m. Cúa is noted for warm and clear weather, with year-round sunshine and 60 days of rainfall annually, and an average temperature that range from 18 °C to 28 °C, but with relative low humidity.

Cúa
Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Cúa
Our Lady of the Rosary of Cúa Church
Our Lady of the Rosary of Cúa Church
Flag of Cúa
Official seal of Cúa
Nickname: 
The Tuy Pearl
Cúa is located in Venezuela
Cúa
Cúa
Coordinates: 10°10′N 66°53′W / 10.167°N 66.883°W / 10.167; -66.883Coordinates: 10°10′N 66°53′W / 10.167°N 66.883°W / 10.167; -66.883
Country Venezuela
StateMiranda
MunicipalityUrdaneta
Government
 • MayorEdicson Sarmientos (2008–2012)
Area
 • Total273 km2 (105 sq mi)
Elevation
490 m (1,610 ft)
Population
 (July 1, 2009)
 • Total127,900
 • Density468.50/km2 (1,213.4/sq mi)
ClimateAw
WebsiteUrdaneta Municipality website

With leafy forest and meadows, Cúa has a population of 123,000 (2004), mainly dedicated to services and industry (plastic pipes, paper rolls) it's a dormitory town. The most important districts of Cúa are: Nueva Cúa, Lecumberry, La Fila, Mume, Santa rosa and Aparay.

The local Sanctuary of the Virgin of Betania has become famous for its attributed Marian apparitions.

Cúa is one of the locations served by the IFE Ezequiel Zamora Mass Transportation System.

Church of Cúa, 19th century

FoundationEdit

The first establishments of Cúa dates from the pre-Columbian period, being the first founders the Quiriquires natives, has like nickname The Tuy Pearl, because its location at the borders of the Tuy River. After the officially foundation on October 6, 1690 by Fray Manuel de Alesson, under the invocation of Our Lady of the Rosary of Cúa, the first inhabitants came from different regions motivated by the agriculture, due to the fertility and strategic location of the valley. However, this town was founded initially at the site known as Marín in 1633, this first village was destroyed in its totality by a violent earthquake that affected a great part of the Tuy Valleys.

The name of Cúa, according to some historians, has it origin from the Cumanagotos natives, from the Carib language that means Crab, meaning that Cúa is the place where the crab abounds. Others affirm that its name is associate with Apacuana, a brave native woman from the region, that fought against the Spaniards. Others think that that name was giving in honor to the native Cue, ally of the Spaniards, that helped in the foundation and consolidation of the town.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Cúa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
32.0
(89.6)
33.4
(92.1)
34.3
(93.7)
33.6
(92.5)
32.1
(89.8)
31.4
(88.5)
31.9
(89.4)
32.7
(90.9)
32.8
(91.0)
32.3
(90.1)
30.8
(87.4)
32.3
(90.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
25.5
(77.9)
26.8
(80.2)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
27.0
(80.6)
26.4
(79.5)
26.5
(79.7)
27.0
(80.6)
27.0
(80.6)
26.6
(79.9)
25.2
(77.4)
26.5
(79.8)
Average low °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.0
(66.2)
20.1
(68.2)
21.5
(70.7)
22.2
(72.0)
22.0
(71.6)
21.4
(70.5)
21.2
(70.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.2
(70.2)
20.8
(69.4)
19.5
(67.1)
20.7
(69.3)
Average relative humidity (%) 68.8 68.1 65.9 66.3 68.7 70.9 72.3 71.5 69.7 69.6 70.4 69.5 69.3
Source: Instituto Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología (INAMEH)[1][2]

Law and governmentEdit

Cúa has one municipality: Urdaneta Municipality. Venezuelan law specifies that municipal governments have four main functions: executive, legislative, comptroller, and planning. The executive function is managed by the mayor, who is in charge of representing the municipality's administration. The legislative branch is represented by the Municipal Council, composed of seven councillors, charged with the deliberation of new decrees and local laws. The comptroller tasks are managed by the municipal comptroller's office, which oversees accountancy. Finally, planning is represented by the Local Public Planning Council, which manages development projects for the municipality.[3][4][5]

DemographicsEdit

Cúa has a total area of 273 km2 (105.4 mi2), with a population of 123,000 (2004), the city limits by the north with the municipalities Cristóbal Rojas (Charallave) and Guaicaipuro (Paracotos parish), by the south with San Casimiro municipality (Aragua state), by the east with Tomás lander municipality (Santa Bárbara and Ocumare del Tuy parishes) and by the west again with Guicaipuro municipality (Tácata parish). The main routes of communication are the Charallave-Cúa highway, that communicates this cities with the rest of the Tuy Valleys and Caracas, in addition to the connection with the Regional del Centro Freeway, and the road to the Venezuelan plains, the highway to Ocumare and the highway towards Tácata.

Cúa districtsEdit

  • Las Brisas
  • La Morita
  • Lecumberry
  • La Magdalena
  • La Fila
  • Pueblo Nuevo
  • Mume
  • Santa Rosa
  • La Vega
  • Quebrada de Cúa
  • Los Rosales
  • Las Mercedes
  • San Antonio de Cúa
  • La Mata
  • Terrazas de Cúa
  • Santa Cruz
  • Aparay
  • Nueva Cúa
  • Petarito
  • Sutil
  • San Miguel
  • Portachuelos
  • Aragüita
  • Marín

ParishesEdit

 
Cúa Municipal Council
 
Typical street of the town
 
Perimetral Avenue
  • Cúa
  • Nueva Cúa

TransportationEdit

  • Buses are the main means of mass transportation, operated by several companies on normal streets and avenues:
    • bus; large buses.
    • buseta; medium size buses.
    • microbus or colectivo; vans or minivans.
  • IFE; train services to and from Caracas and Charallave.

Main avenuesEdit

  • Perimetral avenue
  • Monseñor Pellín avenue
  • José María Carreño street
  • El Rosario street
  • El Carmen street
  • Lecumberry street
  • San Rafael street
  • Juan España street
  • Zamora street

Notable nativesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Estadísticos Básicos Temperaturas y Humedades Relativas Máximas y Mínimas Medias" (PDF). INAMEH (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
  2. ^ "Estadísticos Básicos Temperaturas y Humedades Relativas Medias" (PDF). INAMEH (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
  3. ^ Comisión de Legislación. Municipio El Hatillo. Estado Miranda (2006). "Autoridades Municipales". Archived from the original on 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2006-11-21. (in Spanish)
  4. ^ Gobierno Bolivariano de Venezuela. "Poder Público Municipal". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2006-11-21. (in Spanish)
  5. ^ Law and government Archived 2006-11-15 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "2015 February « White Shark". Archived from the original on 2016-04-02. Retrieved 2016-05-05.

External linksEdit