Bzhedugs

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Bjedugh, Bzhedug or Bazdug (Adyghe: Бжъэдыгъу, Bjzədıuğ, Adyghe pronunciation: [bʐadəʁʷ]; Russian: Бжедуги, Bžedugi) are one of the twelve major Circassian tribes, representing one of the twelve stars on the green-and-gold Circassian flag.[1]

Bzhedug banner

Many of them immigrated to Turkey in the 1860s, but there is still a community of Bzhedug on the left bank of the Kuban River (in the vicinity of Krasnodar).[2] The Bzhedug people live in Adygea and Krasnodar Krai, and are well represented in the Adyghe (Circassian) diaspora in all countries of residence. Even in ancient times the Bzhedug people were divided into four tribes.

HistoryEdit

The Bzhedugs originally lived in the area of Shahe River, between Tuapse and Sochi. Later they divided in two groups: those who lived close to the Black Sea (Abhiaskis) and Adygeans (territory of Kuban River). This migration was causes by overpopulation and warlike neighbors to their Black Sea's territories. Bzhedug were subdivided into Chechenay tribe (Psekups River and Pshish River) and the Hamish tribe (Afips River and Psekups River). They were involved in cattle breeding and agriculture, growing mostly crops and corn.

LanguageEdit

The Bzhedugs people speak a dialect (Adyghe: Бжъэдыгъубзэ, Bz̄edyğwbze) of the Adyghe language.

Bzhedug villages in AdigeyEdit

There are 48 Circassian villages in Republic of Adygea, 26 of which are Bzhedug villages (54% of the villages in Adygea).

Circassian Circassian transliteration Russian Russian transliteration
Хьэлъэкъуай Halhequay Гатлукай Gatlukuay
Бжъэдыгъухьабл Bzhedyghuhabl Бжедугхабль Bzhedughabl
Красногвардейскэ Krasnogvardéske Красногвардейское Krasnogvardéyskoye
Аскъэлай Asqelay Ассоколай Assokolay
Очэпщый Wochepshyiy Вочепший Vochepshiy
Гъобэкъуай Ghobequay Габукай Gabukay
Джэджэхьабл Djedjehabl Джиджихабль Djidjihabl
Казазовэ Kazazove Казазово Kazazovo
Къунчыкъухьабл Qunchyquhable Кончукохабль Konchukohabl
Нэчрэзый Nechrezyiy Нечерезий Nechereziy
Нэшъукъуай Neshuquay Нешукай Neshukay
Очэпщый-кIэ Wochepshyiy-ch'e Нововочепший Novovochepshiy
Пэнэжъыкъуай Penezhyquay Понежукай Ponezhukay
ПчыхьалІыкъуай Pchyhal'ıquay Пчегатлукай Pchegatlukay
Пщыкъуйхьабл Pshyquyhabl Пшикуйхабль Pshikuyhabl
Тэуехьабл Tewéhable Тауйхабль Tawyhabl
Лъэустэнхьабл Lhewustenhabl Тлюстенхабль Tlustenhabl
Тыгъургъой Tyghurghoy Тугургой Tugurgoy
Козэт Kozet Козет Kozet
Адыгея-кIэ Adygéya-ch'e Новая Адыгея Novaya Adygeya
БжыхьэкъоякI Bzhyhaqoyach' Новобжегокай Novobzhegokay
Бжыхьэкъоежъ Bzhyhaqoyejj Старобжегокай Starobzhegokay
Тэхъутэмыкъуай Texhutemyquay Тахтамукай Tahtamukay
Щынджый Shyncyiy Шенджий Shenciy
Инэм Yinem Энем Enem
Яблоновск Yablonovsk Яблоновский Yablonovskiy
Къэзынкъуай Qazenquay - -
Хьаныкъо Hanyqo Ханыков Khanykov

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Circassians". Adiga-home.net. 2010. Archived from the original on August 20, 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2016. The 12 Circassian tribes: Abadzeh Besleney Bzhedug Yegeruqay Zhaney Kabarday Mamheg Natuhay Temirgoy Ubyh Shapsug Hatukay. The twelve stars on the Adyghe Flag also refers to the twelve tribes.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ Rywkin & Wixman, p. 34
  • Rywkin, Michael; Ronald Wixman (1984). The Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook. ISBN 0-87332-506-0.

External linksEdit