Bykhaw (Belarusian: Бы́хаў, Łacinka: Bychaŭ, pronounced [ˈbɨxaʊ]) or Bykhov (Russian: Бы́хов, Polish: Bychów, Yiddish: Bihov‎, ‎ביחאָוו, Lithuanian: Bychavas) is a town in the eastern Belarusian Mogilev Region. It is located 44 km south of Mogilev (M on the Dnieper River (Dniapro), and is the administrative center of the Bykhaw District. As of 2009, its population was 17,031.[1]

Bykhaw

Бы́хаў
Бы́хов
Flag of Bykhaw
Flag
Coat of arms of Bykhaw
Coat of arms
Bykhaw is located in Belarus
Bykhaw
Bykhaw
Location of Bykhaw, shown within the Mahilyow Voblast
Coordinates: 53°31′N 30°15′E / 53.517°N 30.250°E / 53.517; 30.250Coordinates: 53°31′N 30°15′E / 53.517°N 30.250°E / 53.517; 30.250
Country
Subdivision
 Belarus
Mogilev Region
Population
 (2009)
 • Total17,031
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
License plate6

HistoryEdit

 
Synagogue

In the early modern times Bykhaw was an important fortress known for hard battles.[2]

Bykhaw is known for its 17th-century synagogue. During World War II, Bychaw was occupied by the German Army from 5 July 1941 until 28 June 1944 and placed under the administration of the Generalbezirk Weißruthenien of Reichskommissariat Ostland. The Jews of Bykhov were killed in two mass shootings in September and November 1941. According to the German and Soviet archives, there were 4600 Jews from Bykhaw who were shot in Voronino.[3]

There is a military airfield nearby, called Bykhov-1.[4][circular reference]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Численность населения областей и районов: Могилевская (PDF) (in Russian). Национальный статистический комитет Республики Беларусь. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 September 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ http://www.minsktours.by/about_belarus/bykhov-mogilev.html
  3. ^ http://yahadmap.org/#village/bykhov-mogilev-belarus.672
  4. ^ ru:Быхов (аэродром)

External linksEdit