Open main menu

Busselton is a city in the South West region of the Australian state of Western Australia. As of the 2016 census, Busselton had a population of 25,329.[1] Founded in 1832 by the Bussell family, Busselton is 220 km (140 mi) south-west of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. Busselton was voted Western Australia's top tourist town in 1995, 1996, and 2005.[3]

Busselton
Western Australia
BusseltonJetty1 gobeirne.jpg
At 1,841 metres (6,040 ft), the Busselton Jetty is said to be the longest wooden structure in the world
Busselton is located in Western Australia
Busselton
Busselton
Coordinates33°38′52″S 115°20′45″E / 33.64778°S 115.34583°E / -33.64778; 115.34583Coordinates: 33°38′52″S 115°20′45″E / 33.64778°S 115.34583°E / -33.64778; 115.34583
Population25,329 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density239.63/km2 (620.64/sq mi)
Established1832
Postcode(s)6280
Elevation4 m (13 ft)
Area105.7 km2 (40.8 sq mi)[2]
Time zoneAWST (UTC+8)
Location
LGA(s)City of Busselton
State electorate(s)Vasse
Federal Division(s)Forrest
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.0 °C
72 °F
10.4 °C
51 °F
812.6 mm
32 in
Busselton foreshore

Contents

HistoryEdit

Pre European Settlement and early European explorationEdit

Before white settlement in 1832, and for at least 40,000 years, the Busselton area has been home to the Noongar Aboriginal people from the Wardandi and Bibulman language/ancestral groups .[4] The colonisation of Western Australia in 1829 had a major impact on the life of the Noongar people. Many towns in the Busselton area, such as Wonnerup, Yallingup and Carbunup River, still hold their original Noongar names.

The early history of European exploration of the Busselton area focused on the French expedition of 1801 which brought Nicholas Baudin, with his ships the Géographe and Naturaliste, to the coast of Western Australia. Baudin named Geographe Bay and Cape Naturaliste after his vessels, and named the river Vasse after a sailor, Thomas Vasse, who was lost as he went overboard and was believed to have drowned.

Early colonial periodEdit

Busselton was one of the earliest settlements in Western Australia. It was first settled by the Bussell family, George Layman, and the Chapman brothers, who relocated there from their location on the Blackwood River. John Garrett Bussell first visited Busselton in December 1831, describing the land as follows: "The country as we advanced improved rapidly; the ground on which we trod was a vivid green, unsullied with burnt sticks and blackened grass trees".[5] Bussell was granted land in the area in July 1832 and the settlers moved there in April 1834. The Bussells established a cattle station which they named Cattle Chosen, which quickly became one of the most prosperous stations in the colony, and as a result, nearly all of the settlers at Augusta relocated to the area within a few years.[4] A number of settlers established themselves at Wonnerup, and eventually a contingent of troops was stationed there under Lieutenant Henry Bunbury. It was originally intended to locate the townsite at Wonnerup, but the area was low-lying and marshy, and Bunbury considered it unsuitable for a townsite. The present area was then recommended by the Surveyor General, John Septimus Roe.

 
The P-51 Mustang which was given the nickname Busselton at RAAF Base Laverton in 1945

The present name of Busselton derives from the Bussell family. It was first officially used in June 1835.[6] The Bussells, who were not consulted about the name, preferred the name Capel after a relative in England, Capel Carter, but the name Busselton was retained. A town named Capel was later established to the north of Busselton. The name "The Vasse" was also used for the district interchangeably with "Busselton" until the end of the 19th century.[6] The townsite was planned and surveyed in 1836 by Bunbury and in 1839, by which time it had a population of 77, it was laid out by surveyor Henry Ommaney.[4] This was followed by the opening of the post office in 1842 and St Mary's Church in 1845. In 1847, the town was officially gazetted as Busselton, and the first government-assisted school was opened there in 1848.[4] In the early days of the settlement, and for some time afterwards, the area was visited by whaling ships from the US, France, and England. The Americans in particular traded with the settlers, who gained vital supplies such as iron, flour, and clothing in exchange for fresh food; there was also a trade in smuggled rum and tobacco. The American whalers delivered mail to England via the US, providing an alternative to infrequent government schooners.[4] Visits from foreign whalers declined in the 1860s due to the introduction of fossil fuels to replace whale oil, but a local whaling group, the Castle Bay Whaling Company, survived until 1872.[4][7]

Being in close proximity to the tall timber country, Busselton soon established itself as a leading port. In 1850, timber was being exported and the small town prospered. Jetties for this purpose were built at Wonnerup, Busselton, and Quindalup. Of these, only the Busselton Jetty remains.[8] During the 1850s, Busselton began to receive convicts who were beginning to arrive in Western Australia; they particularly helped with the timber industry.[4] Western Australia's first railway line was built just north of Busselton at Lockville in 1871, the original engine being known as the Ballarat engine. The privately owned line was used for the transport of timber[9] to the Wonnerup jetty across the Ballarat bridge. By the 1880s Busselton had a regular mail and passenger coach service from Perth and Bunbury and, in 1894, a passenger rail service commenced between Busselton and Bunbury on the South Western Railway via Boyanup; it operated until 1985.[4][10][11]

Federation to present dayEdit

By the early 20th century, Busselton had become well-known as a resort town, aided by the railway along with the 1890s Western Australian gold rushes, which greatly increased the state's population and prosperity. Caves in the area of what is now the Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park including Yallingup Cave (now Ngilgi Cave) had been discovered and developed, and the strip of coastline between Cape Yallingup and Cape Naturaliste had become popular for camping and seaside holidays.[4] The 1913 Cyclopedia of Western Australia stated:

Busselton which has come to be known as the sanatorium of Western Australia lies within the shelter of Geographe Bay some 30 miles south of Bunbury. Up to some 20 years ago, it was merely a charming country village, with grass-grown streets where arum lilies rioted in profusion. ... It’s cool temperate climate, excellent beach and well-established bathing facilities have made it one of the favourite summer resorts. If to these we add the caves reached daily by motor service from the town and, in addition to the scenery, this excellent boating, bathing and fishing, Busselton can probably claim to be the most favoured haunt of the holiday seeker.

[4]

Busselton began to grow significantly when the Group Settlement Scheme brought people to the area between 1923 and 1926; nine of the first sixteen groups were organised in the Busselton area.[4][12] In about 1927, the Flinders Bay Branch Railway was developed, which connected Busselton to Flinders Bay; it was closed around 1957. In the 1930s, agricultural prices dropped due to the Great Depression, causing many people to leave the area.[4] During World War II, 476 Busselton-born men signed up for service; 20 in the Royal Australian Navy, 110 in the Royal Australian Air Force, and 346 in the Australian Army. The names of the fallen are displayed on the town's war memorial alongside those of World War I in St Marys Park. During the war, Busselton was home to an Air Force training base; remains of the base can still be seen today from the Busselton Bypass Road. A Royal Australian Air Force P-51 Mustang fighter was given the nickname Busselton in honour of the people of Busselton and their support of War Loan fundraising activities.

In 1947 there were 4,024 people in the Busselton district, 25% of whom resided in the town; by 1954, 46% of the 5,265 people in the Busselton district lived in the town.[4] In the 1950s many facilities for holiday-makers were built west of Busselton and the 1960s saw the beginnings of the professional fishing industry and, in particular, the Margaret River wine region, which greatly increased tourist numbers in and around Busselton.[4] The Busselton port closed in 1972.[4] From the 1970s Busselton began growing particularly as a tourism centre and retirement location. By 1996 it had become one of the fastest-growing areas in Western Australia, with an annual growth rate since then of five percent.[4] In 2012, the Shire of Busselton gained city status.[13]

GeographyEdit

Busselton is situated in the south West region of Western Australia, about 220 kilometres (140 mi) south-west of Perth on the shore of Geographe Bay. The Vasse River flows through Busselton to the Vasse-Wonnerup Estuary on the outskirts of the city. It is separated from the nearby town of Dunsborough by a green belt. Its nearest city is Bunbury, the administrative centre of the south West region, which is about 50 kilometres (30 mi) away.[4][14][15][16]

ClimateEdit

Busselton is the northernmost Australian coastal town entirely with a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csb).[17] The Bureau of Meteorology has had three major temperature-recording sites in Busselton: the Busselton Shire office, with temperatures recorded from 1900 to 1975 and rainfall from 1877 to the present,[18] Busselton Town near The Busselton District Hospital site on Mill Road (recording from 1998 to 2011),[19][20] and the Busselton Margaret River Airport, 8 kilometres (5 mi) east of the Busselton Town station (recording since 1997).[21] Wind observations have been made at Busselton Jetty since 1997, and temperature observations have been made in the general area at Ludlow, Jarrahwood, and Cape Naturaliste.[22][23] Summers are generally warm to hot with afternoon sea breezes, with average daily maxima of 28 °C (82 °F) at the shire station and 30 °C (86 °F) at the airport station, and a winter that delivers cooler temperatures; 6 to 18 °C (43 to 64 °F) and rain that supports diverse agricultural industries, including the Margaret River wine region.[18][21] The annual average rainfall at the Busselton Shire station is 810.4 millimetres (31.91 in), with the wettest period being from May to September.[18]

Climate data for Busselton Aero (all averages and extremes: 1997–2019)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.2
(104.4)
40.0
(104.0)
39.0
(102.2)
33.7
(92.7)
29.0
(84.2)
23.6
(74.5)
22.0
(71.6)
23.8
(74.8)
28.1
(82.6)
32.2
(90.0)
36.9
(98.4)
41.0
(105.8)
41.0
(105.8)
Average high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
30.1
(86.2)
27.8
(82.0)
24.0
(75.2)
20.5
(68.9)
17.9
(64.2)
16.8
(62.2)
17.3
(63.1)
18.3
(64.9)
21.3
(70.3)
25.0
(77.0)
27.9
(82.2)
23.1
(73.6)
Average low °C (°F) 14.2
(57.6)
14.6
(58.3)
13.5
(56.3)
11.0
(51.8)
9.0
(48.2)
7.6
(45.7)
6.8
(44.2)
7.3
(45.1)
7.7
(45.9)
8.7
(47.7)
10.7
(51.3)
12.4
(54.3)
10.3
(50.5)
Record low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
5.3
(41.5)
3.1
(37.6)
3.0
(37.4)
0.0
(32.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
0.0
(32.0)
0.0
(32.0)
0.9
(33.6)
0.8
(33.4)
0.9
(33.6)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15.3
(0.60)
4.2
(0.17)
19.4
(0.76)
32.9
(1.30)
100.3
(3.95)
126.8
(4.99)
135.3
(5.33)
108.9
(4.29)
75.1
(2.96)
30.3
(1.19)
22.1
(0.87)
10.8
(0.43)
684.8
(26.96)
Average precipitation days 2.4 2.2 4.6 9.0 14.2 18.0 20.3 19.0 16.9 10.3 6.5 4.0 127.4
Average afternoon relative humidity (%) 35 36 40 50 59 68 68 66 63 54 45 39 52
Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology[21]

DemographicsEdit

The 2016 Australian census recorded Busselton's population as 25,329,[1] 69.0% of the population of the City of Busselton local government area, which was 36,686.[24] The 2016 census also recorded Busselton's median age as 42, higher than the national average of 38.[1] Australian-born residents made up 74.7% of Busselton's population, followed by those born in England (7.7%), New Zealand (2.5%), South Africa (1.0%), Scotland (0.7%), and the Philippines (0.5%).[1] English was the only language spoken at home by 88.4% of residents, with the next most common languages being German and Afrikaans (0.4%), Italian and Hazaragi (0.3%), and Tagalog (0.2%).[1] The most common industry for employed people in Busselton was listed as "accommodation" at 4.1%, compared to the national average of 1.1%; others were "supermarket and grocery stores" (3.4%), aged care residential services (3.1%), "cafes and restaurants" (3.0%), and "primary education" (2.6%).[1] It has been estimated that by 2050 Busselton's population will be between 50,000 and 70,000, with the local government area containing between 70,000 and 100,000 people.[16]

TransportEdit

Bussell Highway links Busselton with Bunbury and Augusta,[25] while Vasse Highway goes from Busselton to Pemberton and beyond.[26] Caves Road provides an alternative scenic route from Busselton to Augusta;[27] Sues Road is another alternative route via the Brockman Highway.[28]

Busselton has a town bus service run by Swan Transit South West (TransBusselton), with three routes.[29] South West Coach Lines and Transwa provide coach services for connections to other south west towns and Perth.[30][31] Busselton is served by Busselton Margaret River Airport.[32]

EconomyEdit

The main industries of the Busselton area are services (e.g. retail, wholesale, manufacturing, and recreation). The economic focus of the region has gradually shifted from agriculture as the population has increased and tourism has grown in the district.[4]

TourismEdit

 
Busselton foreshore at sunset
 
Busselton Beach

Many sites of interest are in the Busselton region. Busselton Beach is known for the turquoise-coloured, tranquil waters and white sands.

Busselton JettyEdit

Busselton is home to the longest wooden jetty (pier) in the Southern Hemisphere,[33] stretching almost 2 km out to sea. Construction of the jetty began in 1853 and was continually extended until the 1960s, when it reached its current length of 1841 m. It was closed to shipping in 1972, and maintenance was discontinued for a time. Following major damage caused by Cyclone Alby in 1978 and a fire in 1999, it was restored and improved. Since 2003, the jetty has offered visitors a tourist train ride, an underwater observatory, and an interpretive centre.

Wonnerup HouseEdit

The current Wonnerup House was built in 1859 by the Layman family (original settlers). The original building built between 1837 and 1841 was destroyed by fire in 1858. The complex also includes the dairy and kitchen, which antedate the main house (and survived the fire of 1858 because they were separate buildings). Over the road are the Teacher's House (1885) and School (1873). Since 1973, the National Trust of Australia has operated the property as a museum open to the public.[34]

Old Butter Factory/Busselton MuseumEdit

The Old Butter Factory was built in 1918 by the government Department of Agriculture to replace a previous privately owned dairy, Western Australia's first butter factory and creamery, that was established in 1898. In 1926 the factory was sold to South-West Dairy Produce Co-operative, which was later renamed "Sunny West" and merged into Wesfarmers. The factory also operated as an ice works for local residents and fishermen before the widespread availability of mechanical refrigeration. It ceased butter-making operations in 1952 and became a cream depot and dried milk plant, then a truck depot. In 1974 it was sold to the Shire of Busselton, which leased most of the building to the Busselton Historical Society; they opened the Busselton Museum there in 1975. It was listed on the state's Register of Heritage Places in 2002.[4][35][36] In March 2018, the building was heavily damaged by fire. the outside areas were re-opened in January 2019 and the rest of the building is scheduled to be re-opened in December of that year.[37][38]

St Mary's (Church of England)Edit

St Mary's (Church of England), built in 1844–1845,[39] is allegedly the oldest stone church in Western Australia. John Molloy and John Garrett Bussell were the main forces behind the construction of the church. The church was not consecrated until 1848 and a clergyman was not attracted to the region for another decade.[12] Alongside the church is a graveyard; some of the graves date back to 1841 - before the building of the church.

 
Ithaca

Ithaca (Villa Carlotta)Edit

Ithaca (formerly known as Villa Carlotta) is located at 110 Adelaide St, Busselton, and was built by Frank Backhouse in 1896. Ithaca is listed on the state's Register of Heritage Places in recognition of its significant historical and community values.[40] Ithaca has a two-storey tower and was originally built as a private residence; in 1904, Ithaca was acquired by Sisters of Our Lady of the Missions for use as a Catholic convent. Subsequently, it has been a school and a hotel, and now is a motel.

Weld HallEdit

 
Weld Hall

Weld Hall located on the corner of Queen and Adelaide St was built in 1881. In August 2001, the Western Australian government announced that Weld Hall had been listed on the Register of Heritage Places in recognition of its significant historical and cultural value to the local community. The hall is a single-storey brick building with a galvanised roof, and is constructed in a simplified Victorian Italianate style; it is one of the oldest remaining structures in the town.[41]

Augusta-Busselton Heritage TrailEdit

The trail retraces the Pioneer Route from Augusta to Busselton taken by the original settlers in the 1800s. It is over 100 km long, starting at the jetty and finishing in Augusta.

FacilitiesEdit

EducationEdit

There are nine schools in the Busselton area, six of them government, which serve either primary or high-school students, and three private, which serve both. There are four primary schools (Busselton Primary School,[42] West Busselton Primary School,[43] Geographe Primary School,[44] and Vasse Primary school.[45] The two government high schools are Busselton Senior High School[46] and Cape Naturaliste College.[47] The three private schools are St Mary MacKillop College,[48] Cornerstone Christian College,[49] and Georgiana Molloy Anglican School.[50] The only local tertiary institution in the area is the South Regional TAFE.[51] Central Queensland University has a delivery site to support distance education in Busselton.[52]

HealthEdit

Busselton's first convict hospital was built starting in 1869.[53]A new two-storey hospital was built in 1896 and was used until 1978.[4] During the early 20th century, there were smaller hospitals mainly used for maternity, such as Nurse Kilerby's Maternity Hospital (c. 1914–1917)[54][55] and the Lady Campion Hostel (1926–1947), which is on the state's Register of Heritage Places.[56] In 1978, the main hospital was replaced by Busselton District Hospital on Mill Road, which in turn was re-built and opened as the Busselton Health Campus on the same site in 2015.[4][57] Busselton is also known for the Busselton Health Study, which was founded in 1966 by Kevin Cullen.[4]

Recreation and cultureEdit

EventsEdit

Events are held year round in Busselton, the most notable being:

SportsEdit

Busselton has a leisure centre, a golf club, tennis courts, a skate park, and several outdoor areas on which sport is played.[69][70] The Busselton Football Club plays in the South West Football League.[71]

ArtsEdit

Busselton contains the ArtGeo Cultural Complex, which includes an art gallery, theatre, artist's workshop, and an arts and crafts store. It also contains the Busselton Court House and Police Complex, which has an old courthouse, post office, and bond store. Some of the structures in the courthouse and police complex were built by Henry Yelverton in 1860–1861, while a newer courtroom was built in 1897 by George Temple-Poole; this group of buildings was classified by the National Trust of Australia in 1973 and added to the state's Register of Heritage Places in 1993.[72][73][74] The ArtGeo Gallery is housed in a former Agricultural Bank of Western Australia building, constructed in 1931, and added to the heritage register in 1999.[75][76]

MediaEdit

Busselton is served by two local weekly newspapers; the Busselton Dunsborough Mail (Wednesday) and the Busselton Dunsborough Times (Friday). The West Australian is available from Monday to Saturday and the Sunday Times is available on Sundays.

Busselton is serviced by three commercial television channels, GWN7, WIN, and Nine. The public-broadcast channels ABC and SBS are also available.

Sister citiesEdit

GovernanceEdit

Local governmentEdit

Busselton is located in the 1,454 km2 (561 sq mi) City of Busselton, which also includes the towns of Dunsborough and Yallingup.

State governmentEdit

2017 State Election
  Liberal 46.2%
  Labor 20.6%
  National 19.3%
  Greens 13.8%
2019 Federal Election
  Liberal 52.4%
  Labor 21.1%
  Greens 12.8%
  One Nation 5.9%

Busselton is located in the Lower House seat of Vasse, represented by Libby Mettam (MLA), who holds the blue-ribbon seat for the Liberal Party. In the Upper House, Busselton is within the South West Region.

Federal governmentEdit

Busselton is located in the safe Liberal seat of Forrest. The seat is currently represented by Nola Marino, who has held it since 2007.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Busselton (Urban Centres and Localities)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 July 2019.  
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Busselton (Urban Centres and Localities)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 7 July 2019.  
  3. ^ "Inperth Travel Guide - South West Region". 2002. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "Thematic History". Municipal Heritage Inventory (PDF). City of Busselton. 2013. pp. 5–19. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  5. ^ Shann, Edward O. (1926). "Chapter 5" . Cattle Chosen . Oxford University Press – via Wikisource.
  6. ^ a b Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – B". Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Whaling at Castle Bay". Meelup Park. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Shire of Busselton - History". 2006. Archived from the original on 2 January 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
  9. ^ "Railway Records". State Records Office of Western Australia. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Boyanup Railway Precinct". Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Railways Discontinuance Act 1985". Parliament of Western Australia. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Busselton". The Sydney Morning Herald. 17 January 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  13. ^ Bennett, Rob (25 January 2012). "Busselton is a city!". Busselton Mail. Archived from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  14. ^ "directions from Perth to Busselton". Google Maps. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  15. ^ "Vasse-Wonnerup Estuary". Department of Water and Environmental Regulation. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Future Busselton 2050: Strategic Growth Scenarios" (PDF). City of Busselton. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  17. ^ "Interactive Australia / New Zealand Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map". www.plantmaps.com. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  18. ^ a b c d "Climate statistics for Busselton Shire". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  19. ^ a b "Climate statistics for Busselton". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  20. ^ Kirkman, Kim (28 October 2013). "Storm brews over Busselton weather reports". The West Australian. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  21. ^ a b c "Climate statistics for Busselton Aero". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  22. ^ "West Australian stations measuring wind speed". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  23. ^ "West Australian stations measuring maximum air temperature". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  24. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Busselton (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 July 2019.  
  25. ^ Google (5 July 2019). "Busselton" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  26. ^ "Bonzle Digital Atlas – Map of Vasse Highway". 2019. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  27. ^ "Caves Road". Your Margaret River Region. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  28. ^ "Directions from Busselton to Augusta". Google Maps. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  29. ^ "TransRegional". Public Transport Authority. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  30. ^ "Busselton". South West Coach Lines. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  31. ^ "Change to Busselton stopping place". Transwa. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  32. ^ "Home". Busselton Margaret River Airport. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  33. ^ "Welcome to Western Australia - Busselton Jetty Experience". 2008. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  34. ^ Stirling, Ros. "Wonnerup: a chronicle of the south-west". Australian Heritage magazine. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  35. ^ "State Government heritage lists Old Butter Factory, Busselton". Government of Western Australia. 27 December 2002. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  36. ^ "History". Busselton Museum. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  37. ^ Elliott, Sophie (11 January 2019). "Old Butter Factory set for triumphant reopening". Busselton-Dunsborough Mail. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  38. ^ "Contact". Busselton Museum. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  39. ^ Burton, Alfred (1941). Church beginnings in the west. J. Muhling printer. p. 39. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  40. ^ "Register of Historic Places 00386 - Villa Carlotta". 1999. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  41. ^ "Weld Hall (Place ID 9492)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  42. ^ "Busselton Primary School". Busselton Primary School. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  43. ^ "West Busselton Primary School". West Busselton Primary School. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  44. ^ "Geographe Primary School". Geographe Primary School. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  45. ^ "Home". Vasse Primary School. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  46. ^ "Busselton Senior High School". Busselton Senior High School. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  47. ^ "Home". Cape Naturaliste College. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  48. ^ "St Mary MacKillop College". St Mary MacKillop College. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  49. ^ "Busselton & Dunsborough Campuses". Cornerstone Christian College. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  50. ^ "Georgiana Molloy Anglican School". Georgiana Molloy Anglican School. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  51. ^ "Busselton". South Regional Tafe. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  52. ^ "Centres, Hubs and Sites". Central Queensland University. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  53. ^ "Convict Hospital Site". State Heritage Office. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  54. ^ "W.A contingent". The South-Western News. XI, (557). Western Australia. 28 August 1914. p. 3. Retrieved 28 April 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  55. ^ "LATE Mrs. S. E. Killerby". The South-Western News. Western Australia. 5 August 1943. p. 2. Retrieved 8 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  56. ^ "Lady Campion Hostel". State Heritage Office. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  57. ^ "Busselton Health Campus". Department of Health. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  58. ^ "Festival of Busselton". Festival of Busselton. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  59. ^ "Forest Rally – 27th – 29th April 2018". forestrally.com.au.
  60. ^ "Make Smoking History Forest Rally". www.rally.com.au.
  61. ^ "Rally WA – Western Australian Rally Championship". new.rallywa.com.
  62. ^ "CinefestOZ Film Festival Western Australia - CinefestOZ". www.cinefestoz.com. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  63. ^ "Major regattas". Geographe Bay Yacht Club. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  64. ^ "Busselton Festival of Triathlon". Busselton Festival of Triathlon. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  65. ^ <"IRONMAN Western Australia". World Triathlon Corporation. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  66. ^ "Busselton Jetty Swim". Busselton Jetty Swim. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  67. ^ "More about us". Busselton Agricultural Show. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  68. ^ "busselton". Australian HPV Super Series. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  69. ^ "Physical Activity". City of Busselton. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  70. ^ "Foreshore Youth Precinct". City of Busselton. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  71. ^ "Welcome to The Busselton Football and Sportsman Club (Inc.)". Busselton Football Club. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  72. ^ "ArtGeo Cultural Complex". City of Busselton. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  73. ^ "Courthouse". ArtGeo Cultural Complex. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  74. ^ "Busselton Court House and Police Complex". Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  75. ^ "ArtGeo Gallery". ArtGeo Cultural Complex. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  76. ^ "Agriculture Western Australia". Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  77. ^ "International & Intranational Relationships". City of Busselton. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  78. ^ "Sir William Stewart Bovell". Members’ biographical register. Parliament of Western Australia. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  79. ^ "Sharon Buchanan OAM". Sport Australia Hall of Fame. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  80. ^ Taj Burrow. "About". Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  81. ^ Byrne, Geraldine (2018). "Cullen, Kevin John (1922–1994)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  82. ^ Sharp, Ian G. (1981). "Edmund Alfred Drake-Brockman". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 8, (MUP). Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  83. ^ "Busselton Courthouse". Department of Justice, Western Australia. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  84. ^ "Barry John House". Members’ biographical register. Parliament of Western Australia. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  85. ^ Mathieson, Craig (1 June 2016). "A young actor who's fallen for working hard". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  86. ^ Hasluck, Alexandra (1967). "Georgiana Molloy". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 2, (MUP). Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  87. ^ Hasluck, Alexandra (1967). "Molloy, John (1780–1867)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 2, MUP. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 8 August 2019.

Further readingEdit

  • Shann, Edward O. G. (1926) Cattle Chosen. Oxford University Press, London. Republished in 1978 by University of Western Australia Press, Nedlands, Western Australia. ISBN 0-85564-138-X.
  • Jennings, Roger (2012) [First published 1983]. Busselton : Outstation on the Vasse 1830–1850 (3rd ed.). Busselton Oral History Group. ISBN 9780646582061.
  • Jennings, Roger (1999). Busselton: A Place to Remember 1850–1914. Shire of Busselton. ISBN 0959946217.

External linksEdit