Burlong Pool, Western Australia

Burlong Pool[1] is a section of the Avon River in Western Australia between Spencers Brook and Northam.[2]

Water trainsEdit

Burlong Pool was a former railway stopping place, which was used as a location for drawing water into the water trains[3][4] to the Eastern Goldfield locations prior to the completion of the Goldfields Water Supply Scheme.[5]

During dry weather in the late 1890s up to five separate water trains per day would be drawing water from the pool and travelling between Northam and the goldfields.[6]

Swimming locationEdit

Following the completion of the Goldfields water supply pipeline the water was no longer extracted from the pool, but the location was notable for being used as the Northam swimming carnival location,[7] swimming location[8] and rail excursions,[9] and the site of drownings.[10][11]

Wagyl locationEdit

As a long deep pool that was well watered in summertime, the location was known to Noongars as a place where the Wagyl had a summer resting place.[12][13]

Military historyEdit

Burlong Pool was leased by the Australian Army during World War II from the Western Australian Government Railways. During the 1940s and 1950s it was the location for training for water crossings, bridge building and water obstacles. Many bridge parts and tools are believed to lie on the bottom of the pool.[14] A rock river crossing allowed access from the rear of the Northam Army Camp to Burlong and Spencers Brook Roads.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Due to its proximity to Northam, some references are found as calling the location – Burlong Pool, Northam
  2. ^ Also referred to at times as the Burlong Swimming Pool "[No heading]". Western Mail. Perth: National Library of Australia. 21 September 1933. p. 4 Supplement: The Western Mail. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  3. ^ "West Australian Goldfields". The Advertiser. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 5 May 1894. p. 5. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  4. ^ "Rainfall on the Fields". The Daily News. Perth: National Library of Australia. 30 December 1897. p. 2. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  5. ^ "The Railway Water Supply". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 23 December 1897. p. 3. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  6. ^ "Northam". Western Mail. Perth: National Library of Australia. 17 December 1897. p. 24. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  7. ^ "Northam Swimming Carnival". The Mirror. Perth: National Library of Australia. 2 December 1933. p. 13. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  8. ^ http://northamarmycamp.org.au/storylines/military/life-at-the-camp/
  9. ^ "Excursion to Burlong Pool". The Daily News. Perth: National Library of Australia. 6 December 1934. p. 9 Edition: Late City. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  10. ^ "Boy Drowned In Burlong Pool". The Daily News. Perth: National Library of Australia. 22 February 1937. p. 1 Edition: Home Edition. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  11. ^ "An Accountant Drowned". Kalgoorlie Miner. WA: National Library of Australia. 26 October 1903. p. 5. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 February 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Esperance Express, Sep. 8, 2010, p. 19. Interpretive signs along with restoration of the natural environment and promotion of Nyungar culture have been instigated at Burlong Pool near Northam.
  14. ^ McKenzie-Smith, G (1994), The ebb and flow of the Australian Army in Western Australia, 1941 to 1945, Grimwade Publications, ISBN 978-0-646-17768-7