(Redirected from Bunarhisar)

Pınarhisar, ancient Brysis (Βρύσις in Ancient Greek), is a town in Kırklareli Province in the Marmara region of Turkey. It is the seat of Pınarhisar District.[2] Its population is 10,497 (2022).[1] The mayor is İhsan Talay (AKP).

Pınarhisar is located in Turkey
Location in Turkey
Pınarhisar is located in Marmara
Pınarhisar (Marmara)
Coordinates: 41°37′41″N 27°30′44″E / 41.62806°N 27.51222°E / 41.62806; 27.51222
 • Mayorİhsan Talay (AKP)
189 m (620 ft)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Postal code
Area code0288

The town was a part of the defensive line Lüleburgaz - Karaağaç - Bunarhisar during the First Balkan War. The former spelling of its name was Bunarhisar. The settlement was captured by Bulgarians in the First Balkan War but was taken back by the Ottoman Empire in the course of the Second Balkan War.



According to Turkish government resources, Pınarhisar was founded during the reign of Theodosius II, by c. 425, under the name "Brysis" meaning "spring" in Greek. The town's fortress was built during the Byzantine era. In 1190, the town was significantly damaged by Crusader occupation. It was attacked by Tatars in 1264.[3][4]

The town was captured by the Ottomans in 1368, by the forces under the command of Ghazi Mihal, as a part of a campaign led by Murad I.[3]

Christian bishopric


The first mention of the archdiocese of Brysis is in an early 10th-century Notitia Episcopatuum associated with Emperor Leo VI the Wise. Extant documents record the names of three of its ancient archbishops: John took part in the Second Council of Nicaea in 787; Nicetas was at the Photian Council of Constantinople (879) dell'879; Leo was one of the signatories of a decree of Patriarch Alexius of Constantinople in 1027.[5][6][7]

During the Fourth Crusade Brysis became a Latin Church archbishopric under the name Verissa (of Thrace).[8]

No longer a residential bishopric, Brysis is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[9]


  1. ^ a b "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 13 March 2023.
  2. ^ İlçe Belediyesi, Turkey Civil Administration Departments Inventory. Retrieved 1 March 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Tarihi Yapı". Pınarhisar Governorate. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  4. ^ [bare URL PDF]
  5. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 428
  6. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. I, coll. 1187-1188
  7. ^ Gaetano Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica, vol. 6, p. 151 e vol. 93, p. 322
  8. ^ Raymond Janin, La hiérarchie ecclésiastique dans le diocèse de Thrace, in Revue des études byzantines, tome 17, 1959. pp. 136-149, in particolare p. 143; e Darrouzès Jean (recensione di): Giorgio Fedalto, La Chiesa latina in Oriente. II. Hierarchia latina Orientis, in Revue des études byzantines, 1977, vol. 35, n° 1, pp. 302-303, in particolare p. 303.
  9. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 853