Bun'ō (文応) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Shōka and before Kōchō. This period spanned the years from April 1260 to February 1261.[1] The reigning emperor was Kameyama-tennō (亀山天皇).[2]

Change of eraEdit

  • 1260 Bun'ō gannen (文応元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The years of the Shōgen era was in a period marked by famine and epidemics; and the era name was changed in quick succession in the hope that this might bring them to a close.[3] The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Shōka 3.

Events of the Bun'ō eraEdit

  • 1260 (Bun'ō 1): Crop failures brought widespread starvation.[4]
  • 1260 (Bun'ō 1): Nichiren preached in the streets of Kamakura.[5]
  • July 16, 1260 (Bun'ō 1, 7th day of the 6th month): Nichiren submitted a formal remonstrance to Hojo Tokiyori; this was the "Treatise on Securing Peace in the Land through the Establishment of True Buddhism" (Rissho Ankoku Ron)[6]
  • 1260 (Bun'ō 1): Buddhism was introduced from Japan to the Ryūkyū Kingdom.[7]
  • 1260 (Bun'ō 1): The rise of pirates and increased raids from safe havens in Tsushima began to develop into a major problem.[4]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bun'ō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 92, p. 92, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 255-261; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 232-233.
  3. ^ "The Doctrines and Practice of Nichiren Shoshu". Archived from the original on 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
  4. ^ a b Totman, Conrad D. (2000). A history of Japan, p. 110., p. 110, at Google Books
  5. ^ Lloyd, Arthur. (1912). 'The Creed of Half Japan: Historical Sketches of Japanese Buddhism, p. 287, p. 287, at Google Books
  6. ^ The Life of Nichiren, Part 8, "The Matsubagayatsu Persecution"
  7. ^ Schwarz, Henry B. (1908). In Togo's Ccountry: Some Studies in Satsuma and Other Little Known Parts of Japan, p. 130, p. 130, at Google Books


External linksEdit

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by