Bun'ō (文応) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Shōka and before Kōchō. This period spanned the years from April 1260 to February 1261. The reigning emperor was Kameyama-tennō (亀山天皇).
Change of eraEdit
- 1260 Bun'ō gannen (文応元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The years of the Shōgen era was in a period marked by famine and epidemics; and the era name was changed in quick succession in the hope that this might bring them to a close. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Shōka 3.
Events of the Bun'ō eraEdit
- 1260 (Bun'ō 1): Crop failures brought widespread starvation.
- 1260 (Bun'ō 1): Nichiren preached in the streets of Kamakura.
- July 16, 1260 (Bun'ō 1, 7th day of the 6th month): Nichiren submitted a formal remonstrance to Hojo Tokiyori; this was the "Treatise on Securing Peace in the Land through the Establishment of True Buddhism" (Rissho Ankoku Ron)
- 1260 (Bun'ō 1): Buddhism was introduced from Japan to the Ryūkyū Kingdom.
- 1260 (Bun'ō 1): The rise of pirates and increased raids from safe havens in Tsushima began to develop into a major problem.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bun'ō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 92, p. 92, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 255-261; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 232-233.
- "The Doctrines and Practice of Nichiren Shoshu". Archived from the original on 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- Totman, Conrad D. (2000). A history of Japan, p. 110., p. 110, at Google Books
- Lloyd, Arthur. (1912). 'The Creed of Half Japan: Historical Sketches of Japanese Buddhism, p. 287, p. 287, at Google Books
- The Life of Nichiren, Part 8, "The Matsubagayatsu Persecution"
- Schwarz, Henry B. (1908). In Togo's Ccountry: Some Studies in Satsuma and Other Little Known Parts of Japan, p. 130, p. 130, at Google Books
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Totman, Conrad D. (1999). A History of Japan. Boston: Blackwell. ISBN 9780631214472; ISBN 9781557860767; OCLC 59570371
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
| Era or nengō