Bukhara Region (Buxoro Region) (Uzbek: Buxoro viloyati/Бухоро вилояти, بۇحارا ۋىلايەتى, Russian: Бухарская область) is a region of Uzbekistan located in the southwest of the country. The Kyzyl Kum desert takes up a large portion of its territory. It borders Turkmenistan, Navoiy Region, Qashqadaryo Region, a small part of the Xorazm Region, and the Karakalpakstan Republic. It covers an area of 40,216 km2. The population is estimated at 1,976,823 (2022), with 63% living in rural areas.
|• Hokim||Botir Zaripov Komilovich|
|• Total||40,216 km2 (15,527 sq mi)|
|Elevation||206 m (676 ft)|
|• Density||49/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (East)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+5 (not observed)|
|ISO 3166 code||UZ-BU|
Buxoro Region is divided into 11 administrative districts and two district-level cities. The capital is Bukhara (pop. est. 284,100 as of 2021). Other major towns include Olot, Qorakoʻl (Karakul), Galaosiyo, Gazli, Gʻijduvon (pop. 40,600 end of 2005), Kogon (Kagan, pop. 62,300, 2021), Romitan, Shofirkon, and Vobkent.
The climate is a typically arid continental climate.
The old city of Bukhara is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, famous as a "living museum" and a center for international tourism. There are numerous historical and architectural monuments in and around the city and adjacent districts.
The Bukhara Region has significant natural resources, especially natural gas, petroleum, graphite, bentonite, marble, sulfur, limestone, and raw materials for construction. The most developed industrial activities are oil refining, cotton ginning, textiles, and other light industry. Traditional crafts such as gold embroidery, ceramics, and engraving have been revived. Bukhara Region is the center of karakul sheep breeding and the production of karakul pelts in Uzbekistan.
Administrative divisions edit
|Key||District name||District capital|
The Bukhara region has always been ethnically diverse in origin, mainly populated by Uzbeks and Tajiks. Other notable minorities of the region include the Bukharan Jews and the Iranis (Persian-speaking Shia descendants of residents of Merv expelled in late 18th century). Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the great majority of the Bukharan Jewish community have immigrated to Eretz Israel or to the United States while others have immigrated to Europe or Australia. The Iranis, despite sharing the Persian language with much of the residents of Bukhara region, have not assimilated into the Sunni majority population. Intermarriage between Iranis and Tajiks/Uzbeks have been rare.
- "Oʻzbekiston Respublikasining maʼmuriy-hududiy boʻlinishi" [Administrative-territorial division of the Republic of Uzbekistan] (in Uzbek). The State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on statistics. July 2021. Archived from the original on 4 February 2022.
- "O'zbekistonda eng ko'p aholi qaysi viloyatda yashaydi?". Qalampir.uz (in Uzbek). Retrieved 2022-02-10.
- Urban and rural population by region, Bukhara regional department of statistics (in Uzbek).
- "Investment Potentials of the Bukhara Region". Diplomat. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
- "Classification system of territorial units of the Republic of Uzbekistan" (in Uzbek and Russian). The State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on statistics. July 2020.
- Goodman, Peter. "Bukharian Jews find homes on Long Island", Newsday, September 2004.
- Finke, Peter, and Meltem Sancak. “To Be an Uzbek or Not to Be a Tajik? Ethnicity and Locality in the Bukhara Oasis.” Zeitschrift Für Ethnologie 137, no. 1 (2012): 47–70. http://www.jstor.org/stable/23333538.