Qashqadaryo Region

Qashqadaryo Region (Uzbek: Qashqadaryo viloyati, Қашқадарё вилояти, قەشقەدەريا ۋىلايەتى; old spelling Kashkadarya Region, Russian: Кашкадарьинская область) is one of the regions of Uzbekistan, located in the south-eastern part of the country in the basin of the river Qashqadaryo and on the western slopes of the Pamir-Alay mountains. It borders with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Samarqand Region, Bukhara Region and Surxondaryo Region. It covers an area of 28,570 km2.[1] The population is estimated 3,408,345 (2022), with 57% living in rural areas.[2][3] The regional capital is Qarshi (278,300 inhabitants).

Qashqadaryo Region
Qashqadaryo viloyati
Кашкадарьинская область
Region
Qashqadaryo in Uzbekistan
Qashqadaryo in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 38°50′N 66°50′E / 38.833°N 66.833°E / 38.833; 66.833Coordinates: 38°50′N 66°50′E / 38.833°N 66.833°E / 38.833; 66.833
CountryUzbekistan
CapitalQarshi
Government
 • HokimMurotjon Azimov
Area
 • Total28,568 km2 (11,030 sq mi)
Elevation
480 m (1,570 ft)
Population
 (2022)
 • Total3,408,345
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (East)
ISO 3166 codeUZ-QA
Districts13
Cities12
Towns117
Villages1041
Websitewww.qashqadaryo.uz

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Districts of Kashkadarya Region

The Qashqadaryo Region consists of 13 districts (listed below) and two district-level cities: Qarshi and Shahrisabz.[1][4]

District name District capital
1 Chiroqchi District Chiroqchi
2 Dehqonobod District Karashina
3 Gʻuzor District Gʻuzor
4 Qamashi District Qamashi
5 Qarshi District Beshkent
6 Koson District Koson
7 Kasbi District Mugʻlon
8 Kitob District Kitob
9 Mirishkor District Yangi Mirishkor
10 Muborak District Muborak
11 Nishon District Yangi Nishon
12 Shakhrisabz District Shahrisabz
13 Yakkabogʻ District Yakkabogʻ

There are 12 cities (Qarshi, Shahrisabz, Gʻuzor, Qamashi, Beshkent, Koson, Kitob, Muborak, Yangi Nishon, Tallimarjon, Chiroqchi, Yakkabogʻ) and 117 urban-type settlements in the Qashqadaryo Region.[1][4]

GeographyEdit

The climate is a typically arid continental climate and partly semi-tropical.

EconomyEdit

Natural resources include significant petroleum and natural gas reserves, with the Muborak Oil and Gas Processing Plant as the region's largest industry. Other industry includes wool processing, textiles, light industry, food processing and construction materials. Major agricultural activities include cotton, various crops and livestock. The irrigation infrastructure is very well developed with the large Tallimarjon Reservoir as a reliable water source.

The region has a well-developed transport infrastructure, with over 350 km of railways and 4000 km of surfaced roads.

CultureEdit

The city of Shahrisabz, the birthplace of Amir Timur, is the main tourist attraction in the region.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Administrative-territorial division of the Republic of Uzbekistan" (in Uzbek). The State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on statistics. July 2021.
  2. ^ "Ўзбекистонда энг кўп аҳоли қайси вилоятда яшайди?". Qalampir.uz (in Uzbek). Retrieved 2022-02-11.
  3. ^ "Urban and rural population by district" (PDF) (in Uzbek). Qashqadaryo regional department of statistics.
  4. ^ a b "Classification system of territorial units of the Republic of Uzbekistan" (in Uzbek and Russian). The State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on statistics. July 2020.