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Building information modeling in green building

Building informationmodeling (BIM) in green buildings enables sustainable designs, allowing architects and engineers to integrate and analyse building performance.[1] BIM enhances design and construction efficiency. Designers can quantify the environmental impacts of systems and materials to support the decisions needed to produce sustainable buildings, using information about sustainable materials that are stored in the database and interoperability between design and analysis tools. Such data is useful for building life cycle assessments.

ServicesEdit

BIM services, including conceptual modeling and topographic modeling, offer an approach to green building with successive and immediate availability of internally coherent and trustworthy project information.

Conceptual energy analysisEdit

Conceptual energy analysis allows designers and BIM service providers to transfer conceptual modeling into analytical energy models through exporting mass to gbXML. Possible information that can be transferred includes climate data, graphical energy analysis results, and design contrast options.

Solar and shadow analysisEdit

Software tools can aid designers and BIM service providers in envisaging or quantifying solar and shadow effects.[2]

Sustainability analysisEdit

BIM tools and workflow have two phases: inherent BIM features and BIM-based analysis tools.

Inherent BIM includes functions such as 3D Model, visualization clash, and detection, which help integrated project delivery and design optimization.

BIM-based analysis tools are used to analyze energy, solar, thermal, etc. The benefits of these tools are to generate better communication and cooperation, as well as higher accuracy and efficiency.[3]

The following tabulation compares BIM-based software used for green analyses.

BIM-based software used for green analyses[4]
BIM software Green analyses

E CE NV SD A W


Users Users
Autodesk Green Building Studio v v v v v A/D De/OM
Integrated Environmental Solutions Virtual Environment v v v v v A/D/E/O De
Bentley Hevacomp v v v D/E/C De
AECOsim v v v E/C/D De
EnergyPlus v v v v E/A De
HEED v v O/A/D/C De
DesignBuilder Simulation v v v v C/E/A De
eQUEST v v v A/E/C De/C/OM
DOE2 v v v A/E/C/U/G De
FloVENT v E De
ODEON Room Acoustics Software v A/E De
TRNSYS v v v A/E De
E for energy, CE for carbon emissions, NV for natural ventilation, SD for solar and daylight, A for acoustic, W for water

A for architects, D for a designer, E for engineers, O for consultants, U for utility companies, G for the government.

D for design, C for construction, OM for operation and maintenance.

Industry Foundation Classes data modelEdit

Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) or COBie is a standard exchange protocol to be used in data exchange between BIM software and rating systems.

ConstructionEdit

BIM aids in four main areas— land, water, energy and materials.

LandEdit

BIM and GIS are integrated for site planning. BIM simulations can estimate the progress of construction for every stage, and to regulate the site preparation process. It helps to simplify processes, maximize site utilization, and shorten construction periods.[5]

WaterEdit

BIM is utilized in large scale schemes as well as across the industry. It helps decrease unnecessary loss and effectively saves water.[6] BIM improves the design process of building water supply and drainage, water planning in building projects, design and development of the water system, and the overall quality of the building.

EnergyEdit

BIM can be used to simulate energy consumption quickly and accurately. It can help eliminate energy waste. It integrates and analyzes information at the construction stage to calculate the thermal environment that could shorten the construction period effectively and realize energy saving. Designers can figure out energy efficiency.[7]

MaterialEdit

BIM tracks material consumption, calculates material requirements, and it manages material information uniformly.

Rating systemsEdit

Sustainable rating systems are used to evaluate the environmental performance of buildings. These systems have common criteria and are similar in their evaluation of energy consumption, indoor environmental quality, water efficiency, and material. Three rating systems that can integrate with BIM are LEED, BREEAM, and Green Star.[8]

The framework of integrating BIM-based with sustainable rating systems includes "design assistance" and "certification management" modules. The design assistance module assists designers with an efficient sustainable knowledge that is built into the BIM tool to ensure the design-oriented through BIM tool's application programming interface (API). The certification management module is a web-based application used to manage project information, sustainable documentation and submissions for certification purposes.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "How Building Information Modelling (BIM) Helps Buildings 'Go Green'". Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  2. ^ CB, Amarnath (2017-09-08). "Green Building and BIM Modelling Tips". IBIMA. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  3. ^ Solla, Mohmed; Ismail, Lokman; Abass, Fatma; Yunus, Riduan (2016-03-11). "INVESTIGATION ON THE POTENTIAL OF INTEGRATING BIM INTO GREEN BUILDING ASSESSMENT TOOLS". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Lu, Yujie; Wu, Zhilei (2017). "Building Information Modeling (BIM) for green buildings: A critical review and future directions". Automation in Construction. Volume 83, November 2017: 134–148. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2017.08.024.
  5. ^ Zhou, Hongxuan; Sun, Jing; Wu, Yue; Chen, Huan (2018-10-25). "Research on BIM Application in Construction Based on the Green Building Idea". DEStech Transactions on Social Science, Education and Human Science (ichae). doi:10.12783/dtssehs/ichae2018/25725. ISSN 2475-0042.
  6. ^ "A water industry move towards BIM". Revit Modelling India. 2017-06-28. Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  7. ^ "Application of BIM Technology on Energy Efficiency Building Design". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
  8. ^ "(PDF) Rating Systems in Conjunction with BIM Deliver Outstanding Possibilities for Sustainable Construction". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  9. ^ Jalaei, Farzad; Jrade, Ahmad (November 2015). "Integrating building Uinformation modeling (BIM) and LEED system at the conceptual design stage of sustainable buildings". Sustainable Cities and TSociety. 18: 95–107. doi:10.1016/j.scs.2015.06.007. ISSN 2210-6707.