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Buffalo Stadium was a minor league stadium primarily used by the Houston Buffaloes from 1928 through 1961 (except for 1943 to 1945 because of World War II).[4] It was the site of the first night game between two major league baseball clubs, which took place between the Chicago White Sox and New York Giants in 1931. The Buffaloes were a farm team of the Major League St. Louis Cardinals and provided many great ballplayers to the Cardinals' success in 1930s and 1940s. The arrival of the National League Houston Colt .45s in 1962 brought an end to minor league baseball in Houston. It also went by the names of Buff Stadium and later Busch Stadium. It was bounded by Leeland Street, St. Bernard Street (present-day Cullen Boulevard), Coyle Street, and Milby Street in the East End.[5] The railroad tracks leading to Union Station, site of the Houston Astros' current ballpark, ran behind the center field wall. Near the University of Houston, the stadium was also home to the Houston Cougars baseball team during the 1940s.

Buffalo Stadium
Buff Stadium
Buffalo Stadium facade, 1948.jpg
Facade of Buffalo Stadium, ca. 1948
Full nameBuffalo Stadium
Former namesBusch Stadium (1958–1963)
LocationHouston, Texas
OwnerSt. Louis Cardinals (1928-1958)
Anheuser-Busch (1958-1960)
William Hopkins (1960-1961)
Houston Sports Association (1961-1963)
Capacity11,556 (1928–1938)
14,000 (1938–1963)
Field sizeLF 344
CF 440
RF 344
SurfaceGrass
Construction
OpenedApril 11, 1928
Renovated1938, 1948
ClosedOctober 15, 1961[3]
Demolished1963
Construction cost$400,000
($5.84 million in 2018 dollars[1])
ArchitectHenry R. Jones & Tabor[2]
Tenants
Houston Cougars baseball (NCAA) 1947
Houston Eagles (NAL) 1949–1950
Houston Buffaloes (TL, AA) 1928–1961

Before Buff Stadium, baseball teams in Houston played at West End Park from 1905 until 1928; Buff Stadium was built on the East End of Houston.[6] West End Park was located at the southeast corner of Andrews and Heiner Streets, on the southwest edge of present-day downtown.[7] Home plate's specific location, until 2013, was commemorated by a plaque in the Houston Sports Hall of Fame, which comprised part of the Finger Furniture Store.

HistoryEdit

Planning and fundingEdit

 
Buffalo Stadium's home plate plaque, until 2013, existed in that stadium's original home plate location at the Houston Sports Museum as part of the Finger Furniture Store

On January 5, 1927, Sam Breadon, then owner of the Major League Cardinals, announced that he wanted to purchase land from the City of Houston to construct a new ballpark for the Texas League Buffaloes[8] On January 18, it was announced that the location had been purchased in the East End.[9] At the St. Louis Cardinals Board of Directors meeting on February 1, 1927, money was appropriated for the site.[10] The Buffaloes had been owned by the Cardinals since 1920.

Buffalo Stadium's name was decided on January 21, 1928 by a committee composed of President of the Houston Baseball Association, Fred Ankenman, the sports editors of the three Houston daily newspapers.[11]

Regular useEdit

The stadium opened on April 11, 1928, with a 7-5 win over the Waco Cubs as well as an infamous cushion fight.[12] 15,000 fans were in attendance, and it was the largest crowd ever to have watched a baseball game in Houston at that time. Previously, the record had been only 8,300 set in 1925. Texas Governor Dan Moody threw the ceremonial first pitch, while Houston Mayor Oscar F. Holcombe served as catcher and Houston businessman Jesse H. Jones served as umpire.

On February 21, 1931, the Chicago White Sox and New York Giants played an exhibition game at Buffalo Stadium that was the first night game between two major league ball clubs. The game went on for ten innings.[13][14]

On June 11, 1950 a death occurred at the ballpark during a game between Houston and the Tulsa Oilers when a fifty-year-old laundry worker, Sanford B. Twente, committed suicide there at the press box.[15] The incident was heard by those in the ballpark as well as those listening on television via KLEE-TV. Directly after the suicide, a camera broadcast television footage of the man slumped over. The police had been told a half-hour before the incident that the man had reported to a waitress that he would kill himself. Upon arriving at the television booth of the press box in the sixth inning of a game, Twente told broadcaster Dick Gottlieb "I got something to tell you." Gottlieb, motioned the man away, and continued commentary of the game. Instead of leaving, Twente sat himself between Gottlieb and a television engineer. As the engineer attempted to remove Twente from the press box, he revealed a pistol and shot himself. His body then fell across the engineer.

The stadium nearly became home to the Cardinals after the 1952 season. Fred Saigh, who had bought both the Cardinals and the Buffs in 1947, was on the verge of being forced out of baseball after being convicted of tax evasion, and put the Cardinals up for sale. The most lucrative offer from a consortium of Houston businessmen who planned to move the Cardinals to Houston. Under major-league rules of the day, since the Cardinals owned the Buffs, they also owned the major-league rights to Houston. For this reason, the only question was whether Buff Stadium could be upgraded to major league standards in time for the 1952 season.[16] However, at the 11th hour, Saigh took a somewhat lower offer from Anheuser-Busch.

The stadium was renamed, in similar fashion to the St. Louis Cardinals' Sportsman's Park, to "Busch Stadium" in 1958 to honor the Busch family. At the same time, the Buffs transferred to the Triple-A American Association as the Cardinals' top affiliate. Although the team was sold to Marty Marion on November 26, 1958, Busch Stadium remained under the ownership of the Anheuser-Busch company.[17]

ClosureEdit

Eventually the stadium was purchased from Anheuser-Busch by William Hopkins after he purchased the Houston Buffaloes from Marty Marion.[18] Initially, the stadium was planned to be expanded to a capacity of 30,655 to accommodate a major league baseball team. However, when the owners of the Houston Colt .45s purchased the Buffaloes for territorial rights, they opted to only use the stadium for practice, and eventually built Colt Stadium and the Astrodome.

The final game at Buffalo Stadium was a Major League All-Star game (not to be confused with the Midsummer Classic) sponsored by the Houston Professional Baseball Players Association on October 15, 1961.[3]

Post-occupancyEdit

The stadium existed unused when it was sold to the A. W. George Salvage Company at public auction on March 14, 1963 for a mere $19,750 USD. It was the single bid for the stadium.[19]

Sammy Finger, owner of the Houston-based Finger Furniture, purchased the stadium, and then demolished it in order to build a furniture showroom and warehouse which was finished in 1965. The stadium had been badly damaged by Hurricane Carla two years prior. Finger Furniture built their showroom around the home plate, and retained a commemorative plaque for the home plate location on the floor in addition to a Houston Sports Museum on-site.[20]

During demolition, pieces of the ballpark were moved to nearby Hitchcock, Texas, and stored at the Hitchcock Naval Air Station.[21]

In 2013, the physical building of the Finger Furniture store was closed, and then sold to developer Frank Liu in February 2014.[22]

FeaturesEdit

Buffalo Stadium was named after its primary tenant, the Houston Buffaloes, which were themselves named after Buffalo Bayou, which divides Houston. The ballpark was very similar in many different ways to the first stadium of the later Colt .45s. First of all, it favored pitchers, wind blew in from right field, and it was outdoors with high humidity. At the time, it was a state-of-the-art minor league facility at a cost of $40 million; there was a Spanish-style tiled-roof entryway with large pictures of buffaloes on the adobe wall and in the late 1950s, ladies' rooms became air-conditioned.[23] 12,000 fans attended the first night game at Buffalo Stadium on July 22, 1930. The cost of the lighting structures cost $250,000. In 1948, the stadium received substantial renovations including new seats, increased parking, more convenient concession stands, and spacious foyer.[24]

Two large black buffaloes stood on both sides of the left-center field scoreboard facing each other. Originally, outfield distances were 344 feet (105 m) to left field, 430 feet (130 m) to center field, and 344 feet (105 m) to right field and capacity accommodated 12,000. In 1938, outfield dimensions were slightly modified to 345 feet (105 m) to left, 440 feet (130 m) to center, and 325 feet (99 m) to right while capacity increased to 14,000. The heights of outfield fences varied: left and right field fences were 12 feet (3.7 m) high, left-center scoreboard was 24 feet (7.3 m) high, and the center field fence was 18 feet (5.5 m) high.

According to sports lore, it was after a rainout at Buffalo Stadium that Roy Hofheinz got the idea for a domed stadium, after his daughter Dene wondered aloud why they couldn't play baseball indoors. That idea would become the Astrodome.[25]

Other usesEdit

Houston Oilers practice fieldEdit

In the early 1960s, Buff Stadium was used as a practice facility for the AFL Houston Oilers. Charlie Hennigan, who was trying to make the team in 1961 as a walk-on, remembers:

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  • "Green Cathedrals," Philip J. Lowry, c.2006
  • "The American Football League: A Year-by-Year History, 1960–1969," Ed Gruver, c.1997.
  • "The Texas League 1888-1987: A Century of Baseball," Bill O'Neal, c.1987
  • "Baseball in the Lone Star State: Texas League's Greatest Hits," Tom Kayser and David King, Trinity University Press 2005

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  2. ^ "Buffalo Stadium is Termed Most Complete Stadium in Country By Architect". Houston Chronicle. April 10, 1928. p. 14, sec. Buffalo Stadium.
  3. ^ a b "Major League Stars Card Final in Busch Stadium". Baytown Sun. October 12, 1961. p. 7.
  4. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/Buff_Stadium
  5. ^ 1935 Houston Map showing location of Buffalo Stadium as "Ball Park"
  6. ^ From Buffs to Astros, Houston keeps going to bat for baseball - Houston Business Journal:
  7. ^ 1913 Map of Houston indicating location of West End Park as "Ball Park"
  8. ^ "Card Boss to Build New Park for Buffs". Galveston Daily News. January 6, 1927. p. 8.
  9. ^ "Buffs to Have New Ball Park". Galveston Daily News. January 19, 1927. p. 8.
  10. ^ "Hornsby Re-Elected Cardinal Director". Galveston Daily News. February 2, 1927. p. 6.
  11. ^ "Houston's New Ball Park Will Be Named "Buffalo Stadium"". Galveston Daily News. January 22, 1928. p. 21.
  12. ^ Bayou City History: A look back at Buff Stadium
  13. ^ "Year In Review: 1931". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved March 23, 2016.
  14. ^ Coppedge, Clay (2012). Texas Baseball: A Lone Star Diamond History from Town Teams to the Big Leagues. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press. p. 56.
  15. ^ "Television Audience Hears Houstonite Take His Life". The News Herald. June 12, 1950. p. 1.
  16. ^ Veeck, Bill. Veeck--As in Wreck. New York City: G. P. Putnam's Sons. ISBN 9780226027210.
  17. ^ "Cards Sell Houston '9' to Marion". Milwaukee Sentinel. November 27, 1958.
  18. ^ "Buffs President Marion Sells Stock, Bows Out". St. Petersburg Times. August 17, 1960. p. 3-C.
  19. ^ "Sell Stadium". Corsicana Daily Sun. March 15, 1963. p. 22.
  20. ^ Allen, Bob (June 16, 2010). "Four generations of Houston baseball to gather". KTRK-TV. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
  21. ^ Holman, Jim (April 11, 1963). "Buff Stadium In Hitchcock". The Galveston Daily News. p. 1.
  22. ^ Feser, Katherine (February 26, 2014). "Finger Furniture parcel off Gulf Freeway bought by Houston developer". Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  23. ^ Before the Colt .45s
  24. ^ Hall, Dan (1950-06-22). "The Houston Buffs, Cardinal Farm Team". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2012-12-06.
  25. ^ Smith, Curt (2001). Storied Stadiums. New York City: Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-1187-6.

Coordinates: 29°44′5″N 95°20′31″W / 29.73472°N 95.34194°W / 29.73472; -95.34194

Preceded by
West End Park
Home of the
Houston Buffaloes

1928–1961
Succeeded by
None