Bu Bing or Wai Bing, personal name Zǐ Shèng, was a Shang dynasty King of China.

Bu Bing
King of Shang dynasty
Full name
Posthumous name
Bu Bing (卜丙)
FatherTang of Shang

In the Records of the Grand Historian, he was listed by Sima Qian as the second Shang king, succeeding his father Tang, following the earlier death of his elder brother Tai Ding. He was enthroned in the year of Yihai (Chinese: 乙亥), with Yi Yin as his prime minister and Bo (亳) as his capital. He ruled for about 2 years before his death. He was given the posthumous name Wai Bing and was succeeded by his younger brother.[1][2][3]

Oracle script inscriptions, on bones unearthed at Yinxu, alternatively record that he was the fourth Shang king, the second son of Da Ding, given the posthumous name "Bu Bing" (Chinese:卜丙), and succeeded by Da Geng.[2][3] The substitution of Wai (外) for Bu (卜) is a scribal transmission error dating to antiquity.[4]


  1. ^ Bai, Shouyi (2002). An Outline History of China. Beijing: Foreign Language Press. ISBN 7-119-02347-0.
  2. ^ a b "The Shang Dynasty Rulers". China Knowledge. Retrieved August 7, 2007.
  3. ^ a b "Shang Kingship And Shang Kinship" (PDF). Indiana University. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2007.
  4. ^ Hopkins, L.C. (1917). "The Sovereigns of the Shang Dynasty, B.C. 1766–1154". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Cambridge University Press: 74. JSTOR 25189506.
Bu Bing
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of China Succeeded by