Bryophryne

Bryophryne is a genus of craugastorid frogs. These frogs are endemic to southeastern Peru in the Cusco Region,[1][2] with an undescribed species from the Puno Region.[3] Their range is separated from that of Phrynopus by the Apurímac River valley.[2]

Bryophryne
Cophites.jpg
Bryophryne cophites
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Craugastoridae
Subfamily: Holoadeninae
Genus: Bryophryne
Hedges, Duellman [fr], and Heinicke, 2008[1]
Type species
Phrynopus cophites
Lynch, 1975
Diversity
13 species (see text)

TaxonomyEdit

Bryophryne was erected in 2008 to accommodate two species that were in Phrynopus at that time;[1][2] subfamily Holoadeninae was erected at the same time and placed in Strabomantidae.[1] However, Strabomantidae has been put in synonymy of Craugastoridae.[4] Nevertheless, the AmphibiaWeb keeps Holoadeninae (and by implication, Bryophryne) in Strabomantidae.[5]

DescriptionEdit

Bryophryne are smallish frogs, reaching maximum snout–vent length of 29.3 mm (1.15 in) in Bryophryne cophites.[3] Head is narrower than the body. Differentiated tympanic membrane, tympanic annulus, columella, and cavum tympanicum are absent. Dorsum is finely areolate whereas venter is coarsly areolate.[1]

SpeciesEdit

The following species are recognised in the genus Bryophryne:[2]

A recent proposal was suggested that Bryophryne be divided, with three species from southern Peru being assigned to the new genus Qosqophryne.[6][7] The species are Bryophryne flammiventris, Bryophryne gymnotis, and Bryophryne mancoinca. A phylogenetic analysis found Qosqophryne as sister to the genus Microkayla and that this clade was more closely related to Noblella and Psychrophrynella than to other species in Bryophryne.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Hedges, S. B.; Duellman, W. E.; Heinicke, M. P (2008). "New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): Molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1737: 1–182.
  2. ^ a b c d Frost, Darrel R. (2017). "Bryophryne Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  3. ^ a b Lehr, E.; Catenazzi, A. (2010). "Two new species of Bryophryne (Anura: Strabomantidae) from high elevations in southern Peru (Region of Cusco)". Herpetologica. 66 (3): 308–319. doi:10.1655/09-038.1.
  4. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Craugastoridae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Strabomantidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  6. ^ a b Catenazzi, Alessandro; Mamani, Luis; Lehr, Edgar; May, Rudolf (2020). "A New Genus of Terrestrial-Breeding Frogs (Holoadeninae, Strabomantidae, Terrarana) from Southern Peru". Diversity. 12 (5): 184. doi:10.3390/d12050184. ISSN 1424-2818.
  7. ^ Frost, Darrel R. "Qosqophryne Catenazzi, Mamani, Lehr, and von May, 2020". Amphibian Species of the World, an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York. Retrieved 14 May 2020.