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Bruce County is a county in Southwestern Ontario, Canada comprising eight lower-tier municipalities and with a 2016 population of 66,491. It is named for James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin and 12th Earl of Kincardine, sixth Governor General of the Province of Canada. The Bruce name is also linked to the Bruce Trail and the Bruce Peninsula. It has three distinct areas. The Peninsula is part of the Niagara Escarpment and is known for its views, rock formations, cliffs and hiking trails. The Lakeshore includes nearly a hundred kilometers of fresh water and soft sandy beaches. Finally, the Interior Region has a strong history in farming.

Bruce County
Gaelic: Siorramachd Bhruis
County (upper-tier)
County of Bruce
Motto(s): "In Deo Imperium Sed Populus Administrat"  (Latin)
"Administration by the People, but under the authority of God"
Location of Bruce County In Ontario
Location of Bruce County In Ontario
Coordinates: 44°30′N 81°15′W / 44.500°N 81.250°W / 44.500; -81.250Coordinates: 44°30′N 81°15′W / 44.500°N 81.250°W / 44.500; -81.250
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County seat Walkerton, Ontario
Government
 • Warden Mitch Twolan
 • Chief Administrative Officer Kelley Coulter
Area
 • Land 3,978.76 km2 (1,536.21 sq mi)
Population (2016)
 • Total 66,491[1]
 • Density 16.7/km2 (43/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Primary Highways 21, 9, and 6
[2]

Contents

MunicipalitiesEdit

Bruce County comprises eight municipalities (in population order):

Municipality 2016 Population[3] Population Centres[4]
Town of Saugeen Shores 13,715 Port Elgin, Southampton
Municipality of Kincardine 11,389 Kincardine
Municipality of Brockton 9,461 Walkerton
Town of South Bruce Peninsula 8,416 Wiarton
Township of Huron-Kinloss 7,069 Lucknow
Municipality of Arran-Elderslie 6,803 Chesley, Paisley
Municipality of South Bruce 5,639 Mildmay
Municipality of Northern Bruce Peninsula 3,999

Two First Nation communities are also included within the Bruce census division, but are separate from the county administration:

HistoryEdit

Territorial evolutionEdit

The territory of the County arose from various surrenders of First Nations lands:[5]

Municipal historyEdit

Huron County was organized in the Huron District in 1845,[6] and the District itself (which had been continued for judicial purposes) was abolished at the beginning of 1850.[7] Legislation passed later in the same session of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada provided instead for it to be reconstituted as the United Counties of Huron, Perth and Bruce, with the territory of the Bruce Peninsula withdrawn and annexed to Waterloo County.[8] The Bruce Peninsula was later withdrawn from Waterloo and transferred to Bruce in 1851.[9] The County of Perth was given its own Provisional Municipal Council at that time,[10] and was separated from the United Counties in 1853.[11]

In 1849, the Huron District Council initially united the area of the county with the United Townships of Wawanosh and Ashfield as a single municipality, which lasted until 1851 when Wawanosh and Ashfield were withdrawn.[12] The area then became known as the "United Townships in the County of Bruce", which lasted until its division into municipalities in 1854.[12]

 
Canada West in 1857. Bruce County is marked in light green.

A Provisional Municipal Council was established for Bruce County at the beginning of 1857,[13] Walkerton was initially proclaimed as the county seat, in preference to Kincardine,[14] but local opposition (including an abortive attempt to have the county divided into Bruce and Saugeen)[a] forced the proclamation to be deferred until each town and village had presented a case for its selection.[16] A subsequent proclamation confirmed Walkerton's selection.[14] In 1863, the provisional council promoted a bill in the Legislative Assembly to divide the county into the counties of Bruce and Wallace,[b] but it only went as far as second reading and did not proceed further.[17][18] The provisional council later asked for legislation to provide for a referendum as to whether Walkerton, Paisley, Kincardine or another place would be the most acceptable choice.[19] The referendum was held in September 1864, and Paisley received a plurality of the votes.[20] In early 1865, the provisional council asked for legislation to confirm the result, but changed its mind later in the year in favour of Walkerton.[21] Confirming legislation was passed in 1866 to provide for the dissolution of the United Counties on January 1, 1867, with Huron and Bruce becoming separate counties for all purposes.[22]

DemographicsEdit

Figures below are for the Bruce census division, which consists of Bruce County and two First Nations reserves.

Canada census – Bruce County community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 68,147 (3.1% from 2011) 66,102 (1.2% from 2006) 65,349 (2.3% from 2001)
Land area: 4,090.2 km2 (1,579.2 sq mi) 4,087.76 km2 (1,578.29 sq mi) 4,079.17 km2 (1,574.98 sq mi)
Population density: 16.7/km2 (43/sq mi) 16.2/km2 (42/sq mi) 16.0/km2 (41/sq mi)
Median age: 48.5 (M: 47.2, F: 49.5) 47.0 (M: 46.3, F: 47.6) 45.1 (M: 44.5, F: 45.7)
Total private dwellings: 41,183 40,033 38,342
Median household income: $71,193 $54,403
References: 2016[23] 2011[24] 2006[25] earlier[26]
Citizenship and immigration status
Group 2016 Census 2011 Census 2006 Census
Population % of total Population % of Total Population % of Total
Canadian citizen By birth 61,490 92.2 No data 59,175 91.7
By naturalization 4,160 6.2 4,230 6.5
Permanent resident 975 1.4 1,035 1.6
Non-permanent resident 110 0.2 110 0.2
Total 66,720 100.0 64,555 100.0


Visible Minorities and Aboriginals
Group 2016 Census 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census
Population % of total Population % of Total Population % of Total Population % of Total
Aboriginal 3,160 4.7 No data 2,185 3.4 1,820 2.9
Visible Minority 1,805 2.7 965 1.5 595 0.9
All other 61,755 92.6 61,405 95.1 60,520 96.2
Total 66,720 100.0 64,555 100.0 62,935 100.0
Population by mother tongue
Group 2016 Census 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census
Population % of total Population % of Total Population % of Total Population % of Total
English 61,545 91.6 61,015 93.5 59,450 92.1 58,530 93.0
French 625 0.9 630 1.0 540 0.8 585 0.9
English and French 105 0.2 85 0.1 50 0.1 30 0.1
All other 4,915 7.3 3,510 5.4 4,510 7.0 3,800 6.0
Total 67,190 100.0 65,240 100.0 64,555 100.0 62,935 100.0

(Other languages, 2016: German 3.0%, Dutch 0.9%)

Mobility over previous five years
Group 2016 Census 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census
Population % of total Population % of Total Population % of Total Population % of Total
At the same address 44,075 70.0 No data 42,645 69.1 41,765 69.5
In the same municipality 8,245 13.1 7,535 12.2 17,295 28.8
In the same province 9,720 15.4 10,425 16.9
From another province 485 0.8 590 1.0 1,040 1.7
From another country 410 0.7 480 0.8
Total aged 5 or over 62,935 100.0 61,675 100.0 60,090 100.0

GovernmentEdit

 
Map of Bruce County, on the Lake Huron shoreline of Ontario, Canada.[27]

The County of Bruce is governed by a council consisting of a warden and mayors of the area municipalities. County council meetings are held in the Bruce County Administration building in Walkerton, Ontario.

Economic DevelopmentEdit

Business to BruceEdit

The function of the Business to Bruce Program is to support business development, business recruitment and business enhancement. This program focuses on "inspiring, attracting and supporting business owners and entrepreneurs by engaging and mobilizing the local business communities and municipalities while using County level resources to give the project reach and scale".[citation needed]

Explore the BruceEdit

Explore the Bruce, a tourism sub-brand of Bruce County, markets and promotes the area as a place to visit.

Explore the Bruce runs the annual Adventure Passport program. This program is a Bruce County-wide scavenger hunt that takes participants off the beaten track in Bruce County. It takes place from May 1st until October 31st each year and families, couples, and individuals of all ages can participate.[28] In 2015, the Adventure Passport program was presented with a Tourism Marketing Campaign Award at the Ontario Tourism Summit in Toronto.[29]

Spruce the BruceEdit

Spruce the Bruce supports local community efforts to facilitate long-term downtown revitalization plans, bringing together stakeholders to build community capacity and assist with strategic policy and capital investment.[citation needed] The program provides communities with the resources to develop strategies and implementation methods necessary to maintain and grow healthy commercial areas in association with the County and various partners.[citation needed]

EnvironmentEdit

Protected AreasEdit

National ParksEdit

Bruce Peninsula National Park

Fathom Five National Marine Park

Provincial ParksEdit

Inverhuron Provincial Park

MacGregor Point Provincial Park

Sauble Falls Provincial Park

Black Creek Provincial Park

Conservation AreasEdit

Bruce County is home to a number of conservation areas with the jurisdiction of Saugeen Valley Conservation Authority and Grey Sauble Conservation Authority.

Endangered SpeciesEdit

Massasauga Rattlesnake

Hungerford's crawling water beetle

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ with Kincardine and Southampton contemplated as the respective county towns, and the proposed boundary being the Brant/Elderslie line, the 17th and 18th concessions of Greenock, and the 7th and 8th concessions of Bruce.[15]
  2. ^ with Kincardine and Southampton once more proposed as the respective county towns[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sum of Bruce County municipalities from 2016 Census Profile
  2. ^ "Bruce County census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  3. ^ Statistics Canada, Census Profile, 2016 Census: Ontario: Census subdivisions (municipalities)
  4. ^ Statistics Canada, Census Profile, 2016 Census: Ontario: Population centres
  5. ^ Surtees, R. (1984). Indian Land Surrenders in Ontario, 1763-1867 (PDF). Ottawa: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. pp. 89–94, 100–105. 
  6. ^ An Act for better defining the limits of the Counties and Districts in Upper Canada, for erecting certain new Townships, for detaching Townships from some Counties and attaching them to others, and for other purposes relative to the division of Upper Canada into Townships, Counties and Districts, S.C. 8 Vic., c. 7, s. 8
  7. ^ An Act for abolishing the Territorial Division of Upper-Canada into Districts, and for providing temporary Unions of Counties for Judicial and other purposes, and for the future dissolutions of such Unions, as the increase of wealth and population may require, S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 78, Sch. C
  8. ^ An Act to divide the District of Huron, in the Province of Canada, and for other purposes therein mentioned, S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 96
  9. ^ An Act to make certain alterations in the Territorial Divisions of Upper Canada, S.Prov.C. 1851, c. 5, Sch. A, par. 29
  10. ^ S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 96, s. 3
  11. ^ An Act to authorize to Governor General to issue a Proclamation to declare the County of Perth to be separated from the United Counties of Huron, Perth and Bruce, and for other purposes therein mentioned, S.Prov.C. 1852, c. 31
  12. ^ a b Robertson 1906, p. 104.
  13. ^ An Act to separate the County of Bruce from the County of Huron, S.Prov.C. 1856, c. 19
  14. ^ a b Robertson 1906, p. 92.
  15. ^ Robertson 1906, pp. 93-94.
  16. ^ An Act to provide for the selection of a County Town for the County of Bruce, S.Prov.C. 1856, c. 111
  17. ^ a b Robertson 1906, p. 95.
  18. ^ Bill 292, 2nd Session, 7th Parliament (1863)
  19. ^ An Act to avoid the Proclamation declaring Walkerton the County Town of the County of Bruce, and to enable the Municipal Electors of the said County to select a County Town, S.Prov.C. 1864, c. 77
  20. ^ Robertson 1906, p. 99.
  21. ^ Robertson 1906, p. 101.
  22. ^ "Proclamation". Canada Gazette. 25 (48): 4606. December 1, 1866. , implementing An Act to facilitate the separation of Huron and Bruce, and to appoint Walkerton the County Town of the County of Bruce, S.Prov.C. 1865, c. 66
  23. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-07. 
  24. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  25. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  26. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Bruce County Maps". brucecounty.on.ca. Retrieved July 9, 2018. 
  28. ^ Explore the Bruce Adventure Passport launched | Kincardine News
  29. ^ "Bruce County Wins Tourism Marketing Award". Blackburn News, By John Chippa November 13, 2015
  30. ^ "Bruce County Maps". brucecounty.on.ca. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 

External linksEdit