Brotogeris is a genus of small parrots endemic to Central and South America. Their closest relative is the monk parakeet.[1][2][3][4] They eat seeds and fruit.[5] The word brotogeris means "having the voice of a human". In the language of their native countries, which is mostly Spanish, they are called pericos - the translation of which is "parakeet". Their average lifespan is 15 years, although some have been reported to have lived up to 35 years. Also, the bird was found in Rio Grande do Sul in South America.[citation needed]

Plain Parakeet (Brotogeris tirica)4.jpg
Plain parakeet
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Tribe: Arini
Genus: Brotogeris
Vigors, 1825

see text


List of species of the genus:


The species of the genus Brotogeris form a monophyletic group[4] whose closest relative is the monk parakeet.[1][2][3][4] The species are positioned in two separate clades.


Brotogeris tirica


Brotogeris versicolurus


Brotogeris chiriri


Brotogeris sanctithomae


Brotogeris pyrrhoptera


Brotogeris jugularis


Brotogeris cyanoptera


Brotogeris chrysoptera





  1. ^ a b Tavares, E.S.; Baker, A.J.; Pereira, S.L.; Miyaki, C.Y. (2006). "Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of Neotropical parrots (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae: Arini) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences". Systematic Biology. 55 (3): 454–470. doi:10.1080/10635150600697390. PMID 16861209.
  2. ^ a b Ribas, C.C.; Moyle, R.G.; Miyaki, C.Y.; Cracraft, J. (2007a). "The assembly of montane biotas: linking Andean tectonics and climatic oscillations to independent regimes of diversification in Pionus parrots". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 274 (1624): 2399–2408. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.0613. PMC 2274971. PMID 17686731.
  3. ^ a b Wright, T.F.; Schirtzinger E. E.; Matsumoto T.; Eberhard J. R.; Graves G. R.; Sanchez J. J.; Capelli S.; Muller H.; Scharpegge J.; Chambers G. K.; Fleischer R. C. (2008). "A Multilocus Molecular Phylogeny of the Parrots (Psittaciformes): Support for a Gondwanan Origin during the Cretaceous". Mol Biol Evol. 25 (10): 2141–2156. doi:10.1093/molbev/msn160. PMC 2727385. PMID 18653733.
  4. ^ a b c Ribas, C. C.; Miyaki, C. Y.; Cracraft, J. (2009). "Phylogenetic relationships, diversification and biogeography in Neotropical Brotogeris parakeets". Journal of Biogeography. 36 (9): 1712–1729. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02131.x.
  5. ^ a b Alderton, David (2003). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Caged and Aviary Birds. London, England: Hermes House. p. 196. ISBN 1-84309-164-X.

Further readingEdit

Bencke, Glayson A., 2010.New and significant bird records from Rio Grande do Sul, with comments on biogeography and conservation of the southern Brazilian avifauna. IHERINGIA SERIE ZOOLOGIA, 100(4), 391-402. 10.1590/S0073-47212010000400014