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Bronte (/ˈbrɒnt/ BRONT) is a town in Coke County, Texas, United States. The population was 999 at the 2010 census.[3]

Bronte, Texas
Looking down Main Street in Bronte
Looking down Main Street in Bronte
Coke County Bronte.svg
Coordinates: 31°53′13″N 100°17′42″W / 31.88694°N 100.29500°W / 31.88694; -100.29500Coordinates: 31°53′13″N 100°17′42″W / 31.88694°N 100.29500°W / 31.88694; -100.29500
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyCoke
Area
 • Total1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)
 • Land1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
1,795 ft (547 m)
Population
 • Total999
 • Density710/sq mi (270/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
76933
Area code(s)325
FIPS code48-10528[1]
GNIS feature ID1372729[2]

Texas State Senator Grady Hazlewood, who served from the Amarillo-based District 31 from 1941-1971, was born in 1902 in Coke County near Bronte.

Contents

GeographyEdit

Bronte is located at 31°53′13″N 100°17′42″W / 31.88694°N 100.29500°W / 31.88694; -100.29500 (31.887046, -100.294947).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2), all of it land.

Although named for English novelist Charlotte Brontë[5] the town name is pronounced as one syllable: "brahnt".[6]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1910635
1920529−16.7%
193067126.8%
194075412.4%
19501,02035.3%
1960999−2.1%
1970925−7.4%
19809836.3%
1990962−2.1%
20001,07611.9%
2010999−7.2%
Est. 2016979[7]−2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[1] of 2000, 1,076 people, 426 households, and 293 families resided in the town. The population density was 748.0 people per square mile (288.5/km²). There were 502 housing units at an average density of 349.0 per square mile (134.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.06% White, 0.19% Native American, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 8.55% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.07% of the population.

Of 426 households, 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were not families. About 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town, the population was distributed as 26.9% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 24.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,150, and for a family was $37,625. Males had a median income of $30,769 versus $14,135 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,869. About 10.4% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

EconomyEdit

As of 2007, the largest employer in Bronte was the Coke County Juvenile Justice Center, followed by the Bronte Independent School District. During that year, Gerald Sandusky, the mayor of Bronte, estimated the juvenile facility employed 180 people, and 30-35% of the juvenile center's employees lived in Coke County.[9]

Government and infrastructureEdit

The Coke County Juvenile Justice Center, located in unincorporated Coke County, south of Bronte,[10] was a 200-bed secure facility operated by the GEO Group (formerly Wackenhut Corrections Corp.) and contracted by the Texas Youth Commission (TYC). Originally designed for girls, it was changed into an all boy facility in 1998.[11] In 2007, after the TYC inspected the facility, the TYC moved the approximately 200 youth it contracted to the center out of the Coke County facility and caused it to close.[12] During the life of the Coke County facility, Wackenhut received criticism from the media for how it operated the center.[13] Coke County officials criticized the closing, saying that the closing was politically motivated.[9]

EducationEdit

The town is served by the Bronte Independent School District. The district provided educational services for the inmates at Coke County Juvenile Justice Center, and 21 district employees were based at the center. During that year, Alan Richey, the superintendent of Bronte ISD, estimated 40% of the enrollment in the school district consisted of children who were incarcerated in the center. The superintendent said the district lost $2 million in funding as a result of the closure of the juvenile facility.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Bronte town, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Bronte, Texas". Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac Pronunciation Guide" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-07-03.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ a b c Salazar, Maribel. "TYC center shutdown stuns Bronte officials Archived March 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." Abilene Reporter-News. October 2, 2007. Retrieved on July 5, 2010.
  10. ^ "Facility Address List." Texas Youth Commission. February 2, 2002. Retrieved on May 6, 2010.
  11. ^ "Coke County Juvenile Justice Center Audit Archived 2009-07-05 at the Wayback Machine." (PDF version Archived 2009-07-05 at the Wayback Machine) Texas Youth Commission. Retrieved on July 5, 2010.
  12. ^ Hughes, Polly Ross and Clay Robison. "Houston legislator launches probe of prison contractor." Houston Chronicle. October 5, 2007. Retrieved on July 5, 2010.
  13. ^ "Locked Inside A Nightmare." 60 Minutes. May 2000. Retrieved on July 5, 2010.