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Bromont is a city in southwestern Quebec, Canada, at the base of Mount Brome; it is in the Brome-Missisquoi Regional County Municipality. The Bromont area and its resort, Ski Bromont, is well known as a tourist destination for its downhill skiing, mountain biking, and water slides. It also features golf and equestrian events in moderate weather. Bromont also boasts a high-tech industrial park, which includes IBM,[5] General Electric, and Dalsa. Bromont (Roland Désourdy) Airport serves the region.

Bromont
City
Mont Brome overlooking the city.
Mont Brome overlooking the city.
Motto(s): Ville Branchée
Location within Brome-Missisquoi RCM.
Location within Brome-Missisquoi RCM.
Bromont is located in Southern Quebec
Bromont
Bromont
Location in southern Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°19′N 72°39′W / 45.317°N 72.650°W / 45.317; -72.650Coordinates: 45°19′N 72°39′W / 45.317°N 72.650°W / 45.317; -72.650[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montérégie
RCM Brome-Missisquoi
Constituted January 27, 1973
Government[2][3]
 • Mayor Louis Villeneuve
 • Federal riding Brome—Missisquoi
 • Prov. riding Brome-Missisquoi
Area[2][4]
 • Total 116.10 km2 (44.83 sq mi)
 • Land 114.42 km2 (44.18 sq mi)
Elevation 139 m (456 ft)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Total 7,649
 • Density 66.9/km2 (173/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 26.5%
 • Dwellings 4,293
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s) J2L
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways
A-10

Route 139
Route 241
Website www.bromont.com

In the southern portion of the city lies Lac Bromont, the largest lake within the city limits, and the smaller Lac Gale, near which is built BALNEA Spa, the largest bathhouse resort in Quebec.

On June 9, 2014, the FEI chose Bromont as the site of the 2018 FEI World Equestrian Games.[6] The main venue for the games was supposed to be the Bromont Olympic Equestrian Park.[7][8] On July 22, 2016, Bromont was forced to withdraw from hosting the event because of financial problems.[9]

Contents

GeographyEdit

Located between Montreal and Sherbrooke in proximity of Granby, the territory known as Bromont is characterized by a mountain with several summits, called mount Brome (or Bromont), mount Gale, and a smaller top, almost a hill, mount Soleil (literally mount Sun). By contrast, the terrain around this mountainous mass is flat and has hills and vales sparsely distributed. This is crossed by the Yamaska river, flowing in from Fulford from its source lake Brome, separated from Bromont by Iron Hill and Fulford (both parts of Lac-Brome), and definitely leaving into Saint-Alphonse-de-Granby. Two lakes: Bromont and Gale, are pooling between the mountaintops of mount Brome; Gale lake, on mount Gale, is fed by waters of the mountain. The surface of the territory is naturally covered by mixed forest and grasslands, sometimes exploited as grazing grounds or grow space.

Another portion is exploited for human ends. Much of Bromont's surface is crisscrossed by roads and trails, including a section of highway 10 (which connects Montreal and Sherbrooke), with access to Bromont at two exits (74 and 78). This network has many touristic crossroads, a historic village, many neighborhoods occupied by housing and shops, as well as a technology industrial park. Many spaces that aren't covered by woodland are cultivated, others serve to sustain large herbivorous domestic animals: cows, horses, and alpacas.

A natural domain established on Mount Gale includes a protected area, uniting private owned lands for conservation and hiking. In spite of these conservation efforts, a large part of Mount Brome is exploited intensively. Bromont, mountain of experiences is a mega-tourist complex, including alpine skiing facilities, a water park, holiday housing, and residences.

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Canada census – Bromont, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 7,649 (+26.5% from 2006) 6,049 (+25.8% from 2001)
Land area: 114.42 km2 (44.18 sq mi) 114.42 km2 (44.18 sq mi)
Population density: 66.9/km2 (173/sq mi) 52.9/km2 (137/sq mi)
Median age: 41.4 (M: 41.3, F: 41.4) 39.3 (M: 38.9, F: 39.8)
Total private dwellings: 4,293 3,068
Median household income: $68,993 $57,580
References: 2011[10] 2006[11] earlier[12]
YearPop.±%
1991 3,408—    
1996 4,290+25.9%
YearPop.±%
2001 4,808+12.1%
2006 6,049+25.8%
YearPop.±%
2011 7,649+26.5%

LanguageEdit

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Bromont, Quebec[13]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
7,635
6,960   30.1% 91.16% 435   3.6% 5.70% 100   185.7% 1.31% 140   41.7% 1.83%
2006
6,045
5,350   25.4% 88.50% 420   16.7% 6.95% 35   12.5% 0.58% 240   84.6% 3.97%
2001
4,795
4,265   14.5% 88.95% 360   6.5% 7.51% 40   57.9% 0.83% 130   550.0% 2.71%
1996
4,225
3,725 n/a 88.17% 385 n/a 9.11% 95 n/a 2.25% 20 n/a 0.47%

GovernmentEdit

List of MayorsEdit

  • Germain Désourdy 1964 to 1977,
  • Robert Leboeuf 1977 to 1978,
  • Pierre Jacob 1978 to 1982,
  • Pierre Bellefleur 1982 to 1996,
  • Robert Désourdy 1996 to 1998,
  • Pauline Quinlan 1998 to present.

HistoryEdit

Bromont was envisioned by Roland Désourdy (1917-2011). In 1963 he became the first French Canadian Master of the Montreal Hunt.

Bromont was developed in 1964, as a model resort community, based in Brome County.[14][15]

In 1966, Bromont annexed the town of West Shefford, Quebec, which had been founded in 1792 and was a stop on the stagecoach route between Montreal and Sherbrooke, Quebec.[16]

Hyundai plantEdit

In 1989, Hyundai Auto Canada Inc. opened a stamping and assembly plant in Bromont, employing 800. The 150,000 m2 (1,600,000 sq ft) plant was situated on an 850,000 m2 (9,100,000 sq ft) site, with body, paint and trim shops, as well as a pumping station for the plant, a paint residue treatment plant, and administrative offices. The plant cost $387.7 million, with Quebec and Canadian federal government subsidies of $131 million.[17]

The plant was designed to manufacture approximately 2,000 Hyundai Sonatas per week.[17] Subsequently, Chrysler and Hyundai considered a joint venture that would have Chrysler rebranding the Sonata manufactured at Bromont, but later said the deal had failed.[18] The Bromont plant was operational for four years before it closed in 1994, with Hyundai's sales unable to support the plant.[19] Hyundai subsequently sold the plant to Olymbec Inc.[19] It subdivided the plant, leasing the former paint and assembly plant to Goodyear from February 2007. The former metal stamping portion of the plant was leased to AAER Inc., a manufacturer of wind turbines based in Quebec.

BiodiversityEdit

The environment present within Bromont limits allowed special ecosystems to develop; indeed, mountainous terrain, the presence of water in the form of lakes, creeks, and the river, the blend of trees and the expanse of prairies permit various flora and fauna to flourish there. On mount Gale, it is possible to observe species of amphibians that only thrive at higher elevations; the lakes harbor many species of fish, amphibians, water birds, turtles, and aquatic mammals such as muskrat. Humans having encroached in the area have kept many species of domestic animals that populate the fields and roam wild just the same, house cats, dogs, and horses are among the most common in the municipality. Fields and forests serve as breeding grounds for many species of birds, some of which remain all year, though a large portion migrates south during the colder months; Canada geese, European starling, American crows and black-capped chickadees to name a few. Many animals coveted by hunters and trappers also inhabit the land, red fox, white-tailed deer, wild turkey; raccoon and deer are often victim of roadkill. Covering most of the territory, vegetation of many kinds thrives; a majority of Bromont is forest covered, though plants occur in grasslands and urban developments alike. Biodiversity is a pride and Bromont aims to respect it.[20]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Reference number 8605 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 46078 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: BROME--MISSISQUOI (Quebec)
  4. ^ a b "(Code 2446078) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Canada to host 2018 World Equestrian Games Archived 2014-07-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Bromont Olympic Equestrian Park Home Website
  8. ^ Bromont 2018 mark 1,000 days until World Equestrian Games
  9. ^ Bromont axed as 2018 World Equestrian Games host due to financial problems
  10. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-12. 
  11. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-12. 
  12. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  13. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  14. ^ The Yamaska, "New City Of Bromont Is Created", 27 May 1964 (accessed 27 March 2010)
  15. ^ Granby Leader-Mail, "Model-town, Bromont Seeks Funds For Reservoir", 16 September 1964 (accessed 27 March 2010)
  16. ^ The Gazette (Montreal), "Sleepy Bromont to be awakened by a giant", James Farrabee, 9 June 1970 (accessed 27 March 2010)
  17. ^ a b "Hyundai to Add Quebec Plant". The New York Times, AP report, July 5, 1989. 5 July 1989. Retrieved 27 April 2010. 
  18. ^ "Chrysler And Hyundai Venture Off". The New York Times, Doron P. Levin, July 24, 1990. 24 July 1990. Retrieved 27 April 2010. 
  19. ^ a b "Hyundai CEO wants Canadian car plant". The Toronto Star, Tony Van Alphen, Sep 14 2009. 14 September 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2010. 
  20. ^ "Développement durable". www.bromont.net/. Bromont. Retrieved 2016-04-02. 

External linksEdit