Britain's Great War
Britain's Great War is a British documentary television series that broadcast on BBC One 27 January 2014. The documentary series is presented by Jeremy Paxman and was produced by the Open University and BBC Productions. The series shows how World War I affected Britain and its people. The series leads the BBC World War I centenary season.
|Britain's Great War|
|Presented by||Jeremy Paxman|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||1|
|No. of episodes||4 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Basil Comely|
|Running time||60 minutes|
|Production company(s)||BBC Productions|
|Picture format||16:9 1080i|
|Original release||27 January –|
17 February 2014
|Open University website|
Jeremy Paxman, the presenter of the series, said: "The trouble with so much of our understanding of World War One is that it is seen through the prism of the prejudices of the hundred years which have followed it. It's an amazing and important story which deserves to be viewed afresh." A re-version of the series will be released for BBC Learning. The series consists of four hour-long episodes.
|#||Title||Original air date||UK viewers|
|1||"War Comes to Britain"||27 January 2014||4.65|
|The early stages of the war and fear of invasion Paxman relates how Britain expanded its small army of 80,000 men in France and mobilised 1,500,000 volunteers and how the war was brought to Britain's civilian population by German air and sea attacks.|
|2||"The War Machine"||3 February 2014||3.13 (overnight)|
|The sinking of the Lusitania brought home the nature of modern warfare and Britain's unpreparedness. Lord Kitchener was discredited and replaced by David Lloyd George who turned the country into a war machine with women in the factories to make bombs and bullets while the men were sent to the frontline.|
|3||"The Darkest Hour"||10 February 2014||3.22 (overnight)|
|Britain was dependent on imported food and Germany attempted to starve Britain into submission by submarine blockade. Farms, in crisis with their men and horses on the frontline, were worked by 84,000 disabled soldiers, 30,000 German prisoners of war and over 250,000 women. To assist this the government ordered every scrap of land be turned over to allotments tended by the elderly, children and women. In January 1918 rationing was introduced. Women filled every job vacated by enlisted men including the police.|
|4||"At the Eleventh Hour"||17 February 2014||3.02 (overnight)|
|The final year of the war, thousands of soldiers returned with limbs missing, more with facial injuries, grieving parents held seances in the hope of contacting their dead sons. Britain was on the brink of defeat. The Germans launched their "Spring Offensive" that ultimately they could not maintain with a starving and demoralized homeland in contrast to Britain's well organized supply chain. In August with American reinforcements a huge force was unleashed on the Germans which within a hundred days the German's agreed an armistice. The war had changed Britain forever, nine out of ten men returned with the greatest losses in proportion among the upper classes which led to social change, with votes for some women, full employment benefitting the poorest in society and leaving the country more equal and more democratic.|
The television series is an accompaniment to Jeremy Paxman's book Great Britain's Great War.
David Chater of The Times called the series "superb" and said it "does justice to the unimaginable scale of a cataclysm". Clarissa Tan from The Spectator said Paxman presented "with assuredness and gravitas". Hugo Rifkind, another journalist for The Times, said: "Documentaries must cater for those who know lots and those who know nothing. Jeremy Paxman gets the balance right". John Crace writing in The Guardian described the series as disconnected. He went on to describe it as if there was a contextual void at the centre. It wasn't that the series demanded a great historical debate on the causes of the war – though it did seem perverse that the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, the Balkans or European imperialism didn't get a mention. However Nigel H. Jones, writing for The Daily Telegraph, commented on how moving the series was, defying his low expectations.
After the second episode was shown, Jeremy Paxman faced a furious backlash after calling the extreme conscientious objectors in the First World War "cranks". The Belfast Telegraph reported a spokesman for the campaign group Peace Pledge Union describing Paxman's remarks as "unhelpful and silly". The spokesman then went on to say "One of the main issues they felt strongly about was the coercive power of the state to force people to kill, and if that is cranky I wish there were more of them. It seems to me a very laudable thing to do."
- "Britain's Great War". OpenLearn. The Open University. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
- "Britain's Great War". BBC. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- Spence, Alex (17 October 2013). "BBC rallies its forces to mark centenary of First World War". The Times. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- Burrell, Ian (13 October 2013). "WW1 beyond the mud and trenches: BBC's plans for the centenary of World War One". The Independent. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- Fletcher, Alex (16 October 2013). "BBC reveals ambitious four-year First World War Centenary season". Digital Spy. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "BARB Top 30s".
- Paxman, Jeremy (2013). Great Britain's Great War. Viking. ISBN 978-0670919611.
- Eames, Tom (28 January 2014). "Benefits Street dips to 4.1 million on Channel 4". Digital Spy. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- Eames, Tom (4 February 2014). "The Jump concludes with series low of 1.5 million on Channel 4". Digital Spy. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- Eames, Tom (11 February 2014). "Benefits Street ends with 4 million on Channel 4". Digital Spy. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- Eames, Tom (18 February 2014). "Benefits Live Debate attracts 2.7 million on Channel 4". Digital Spy. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- Chater, David (25 January 2014). "Monday's TV: Britain's Great War". The Times. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- Tan, Clarissa (1 February 2014). "Jeremy Paxman's Great War is great. But is 2,500 hours of WW1 programming too much?". The Spectator. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Rifkind, Hugo (1 February 2014). "Hugo Rifkind on TV: Britain's Great War; Nixon's the One". The Times. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- Crace, John (28 January 2014). "Britain's Great War; Food & Drink – TV review". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Jones, Nigel (27 January 2014). "BBC's First World War series: 'Paxman defies my low expectations'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Methven, Nicola (4 February 2014). "Jeremy Paxman blasted for calling World War One conscientious objectors cranks". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- "Paxman attacked over war 'cranks'". Belfast Telegraph. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2014.