Bristol North West (UK Parliament constituency)
Bristol North West is a constituency[n 1] to the north and north-west of Bristol city centre represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Darren Jones of the Labour Party.[n 2]
|Bristol North West|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Bristol North West in Avon for the 2010 general election.
Location of Avon within England.
|Population||100,809 (2011 UK Census)|
|Member of Parliament||Darren Jones (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Bristol West and Thornbury|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
Save for two elections in 1974 and one in 1964 when the seat leant to the right bucking the national result, the affiliation of the winning candidate was that of the winning party nationally for the years 1959-2017 – a bellwether. Bristol North West is one of all four Bristol City seats won (held or gained) by a Labour candidate in 2017 and whose boundaries are nominally considered periodically for review as four of 13 local potential cross-local-authority boundary review areas, which being for a defunct county, Avon, is eschewed by the commission's own rules. Jones' 2017 win was one of 30 net gains of the Labour Party. The forthcoming Boundary Review has no intention of considering Bristol alongside Avon or Gloucestershire though it is expected to be depicted as such cartographically to present a rural and urban balance.
Constituency profile and historyEdit
Party positions altered completely in 2010 with the Liberal Democrat candidate, Paul Harrod achieving second place with a slightly larger one party swing, of 11.4%, than winning candidate Charlotte Leslie and saw a fresh Labour Party candidate suffer a large decrease in percentage of the Labour vote of 20.8%.[n 3] This changed in 2015 with the Conservatives winning the seat with an increased majority of 9.5%, and Labour moving back into second place. In the snap 2017 general election, the seat was lost to the Labour party on a swing of 9%.
The 2017 win was a surprise to the successful Labour candidate Darren Jones. He attributes his win to three factors: Corbyn and a good Labour manifesto, the youth vote, and Europe (the constituency had voted 61% remain).
1950-1955: The County Borough of Bristol wards of Avon, Durdham, Horfield, and Westbury-on-Trym.
1955-1983: The County Borough of Bristol wards of Avon, Henbury, Horfield, Southmead, and Westbury-on-Trym.
1983-1997: The City of Bristol wards of Avonmouth, Henbury, Horfield, Kingsweston, Lockleaze, Southmead, and Westbury-on-Trym, and the District of Northavon wards of Filton Charborough, Filton Conygre, Filton Northville, Stoke Gifford North, and Stoke Gifford South.
1997-2010: The City of Bristol wards of Avonmouth, Henbury, Horfield, Kingsweston, Lockleaze, and Southmead, and the District of Northavon wards of Filton Charborough, Filton Conygre, Filton Northville, Patchway Callicroft, Patchway Coniston, Patchway Stoke Lodge, Stoke Gifford North, and Stoke Gifford South.
2010–present: The City of Bristol wards of Avonmouth, Henbury, Henleaze, Horfield, Kingsweston, Lockleaze, Southmead, Stoke Bishop, and Westbury-on-Trym.
Following the review by the Boundary Commission for England into parliamentary representation in the former county of Avon Somerset and Gloucestershire the constituency had boundary changes at the 2010 general election. In particular, the constituency is now wholly contained within the City of Bristol: the areas of Filton, Patchway, Stoke Gifford, Bradley Stoke and Aztec West which are in the South Gloucestershire district were transferred to a new Filton and Bradley Stoke constituency. At the same time, the areas of Stoke Bishop, Henleaze and Westbury-on-Trym were gained from Bristol West.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Celia Downie||2,814||5.2||-1.0|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Clare Campion-Smith||3,214||6.2||-25.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Harrod||15,841||31.5||+6.6|
|English Democrat||Ray Carr||635||1.3||−0.4|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||15.45[n 4]|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Doug Naysmith||22,192||46.7||−5.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Bob Hoyle||9,545||20.1||+4.2|
|English Democrat||Michael Blundell||828||1.7||N/A|
|Socialist Alternative||Graeme Jones||565||1.2||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−2.3|
|Labour Co-op||Doug Naysmith||24,236||52.1||+2.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Tyzack||7,387||15.9||+2.7|
|Socialist Labour||Vince Horrigan||371||0.8||-0.1|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+1.4|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Doug Naysmith||27,575||49.9||+7.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Ian Parry||7,263||13.2||−1.0|
|Independent Labour||Charles Horton||1,718||3.1||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Giles Shorter||482||0.9||N/A|
|Natural Law||Thomas Leighton||140||0.3||N/A|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||10.3|
|Labour Co-op||Doug Naysmith||25,309||42.3||+7.7|
|Liberal Democrat||John D. Taylor||8,498||14.2||−4.6|
|Independent Ind SD||Hilary S. Long||729||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||John Kirkcaldy||10,885||18.8|
|Conservative hold||Swing||+2.7[n 5]|
|Labour Co-op||Sarah R. Palmer||18,290||32.6|
|Social Democratic||Hilary S. Long||13,228||23.6|
|Conservative hold||Swing||-8.65[n 6]|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||P.M. Kingston||264||0.5||+0.5|
|Campaign for a More Prosperous Britain||T.L. Keen||73||0.1||+0.1|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||5.0|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||2.3|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||1.75|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||1.8[n 7]|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||3.9|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||5.5|
|Conservative hold||Swing||2.2[n 8]|
|Liberal||Florence Mary Pugh||4,784||9.6||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- This was one of the largest negative one-party swings for a Labour candidate nationally in 2010.
- Labour to Conservative: for Others to Conservative the swing was 10.1%
- Others to Conservative; Labour to Conservative swing was 0.7%
- Conservative to Liberal/SDP. Labour to Conservative: 2.5%
- 4.6% swing Others to Labour
- Others to Conservative swing: 5.9%
- "Bristol North West: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "Bristol North West - 2017 Result". BBC News. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
- "Bristol North West: the bellwether seat where 'the Tories didn't turn up'". The Guardian. 30 June 2017. ISSN 0261-3077 – via The Guardian.
- "Election Maps - Ordnance Survey". www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/election-maps/gb/. Retrieved 2019-03-26.
- "Parliamentary Constituencies in Bath and North East Somerset, Bristol, and South Gloucestershire" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. 20 June 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
- "Bristol North West 1950-". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- "Stroud parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- Ashcroft, Esme (18 April 2017). "Bristol's four MPs will all be defending their seats in the general election".
- "Green MEP to stand for Bristol West in general election".
- "General Election candidates revealed – News – Bristol 24/7". 11 May 2017.
- "BBC Election Results". 9 June 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1950.