Sir Richard Brinsley Ford CBE (10 June 1908 – 4 May 1999) was a British art historian, scholar, and collector. He inherited a large collection of art from his family and was himself an avid collector. A drawing that he purchased in 1936 was sold by his estate for $12 million in 2000. Ford was the director of the Burlington Magazine, president of Walpole Society and chaired the National Art Collections Fund. During World War II he was a Troop Sergeant-Major in the Royal Artillery and then served in the military intelligence organisation, MI9.
Sir Brinsley Ford
Richard Brinsley Ford
10 June 1908
Petworth, Sussex, England
|Died||4 May 1999 (aged 90)|
|Alma mater||Eton, Trinity College, Oxford|
|Occupation||Art historian and collector|
|Parent(s)||Captain Richard Ford (1860–1940) and Rosamund Isabel Ramsden (1872–1911)|
|Relatives||Richard Ford, Richard Brinsley Sheridan|
Richard Brinsley Ford was born in 1908 in Petworth, Sussex to Captain Richard Ford (1860–1940) and Rosamund Isabel Ramsden (1872–1911). His father was an officer for the British Army, who inherited in 1917 a large art collection that had been assembled by his great great grandfather, Richard Ford (1758–1806) and his maternal great-grandfather, Benjamin Booth. Gustav Waagen describes the collection in Treasures of Art in Great Britain. Richard Ford, his great grandfather, wrote travel books on Spain. The Irish playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan was an ancestor.
Ford attended Eton College. He then studied modern history at Trinity College, Oxford and graduated in 1930. In 1937 Ford married a distant cousin, Joan Mary Vyvyan who was born in 1910. The couple had one daughter and two sons. He died of a heart attack at his home in London on 4 May 1999.
Early art collectionEdit
In 1927 Ford joined the National Art Collections Fund. His maternal grandmother left him a legacy two years later with which Ford was able to begin collecting art, including the works of Fuseli, Michelangelo, Ingres, Toulouse-Lautrec, and Henry Moore. He met art connoisseur James Byam Shaw and artist Charles Barrow Prescott when he joined the Burlington Fine Arts Club. In 1939 he published a scholarly article in the Burlington Magazine of portrait drawings made by Ingres. His father died in 1940 and the following year he took possession of his father's art collection.
World War IIEdit
In 1939, before World War II began, Ford became Troop Sergeant-Major in the Royal Artillery of the British Army. He was transferred to MI9 military intelligence in 1941 and later headed the Brussels office.
Ford amassed an art collection that was held at his house at Wyndham Place. He added works by Batoni, Cozza, Cavallino, creating a collection of Italian seicento and settecento works. In 1951 he published The Drawings of Richard Wilson.
During the war years the Burlington Magazine floundered but Ford rallied support and provided financial supported to the journal. In its tribute to him following his death, the magazine wrote that he was "the principal engineers of this Magazine's survival in the lean years that followed World War II." In 1952 became its director. In 1954 he became a trustee of the National Gallery.
He became a member of the National Art Collections Fund executive committee in 1974 and its chair in 1975. Under his leadership more than 200 works of art were saved and National Trust properties received art work. He organised an exhibition, "Richard Ford in Spain", lent works and assisted Denys Sutton in the development of the exhibition catalog. He was chairman until 1980.
In 1984, Ford was knighted for his work. Two years later he became the Walpole Society president, having stepped down from the Burlington Magazine. The society published a catalog of his collection in 1998.
Dictionary of British and Irish Travellers in Italy, 1701-1800Edit
Interested in men who had made the grand tour to Italy, Ford began accumulating information for a dictionary in the 1950s. A Dictionary of British and Irish Travellers in Italy, 1701–1800, written by John Ingamells was published in 1997.
Archive & libraryEdit
Ford's archive on British and Irish travellers to Italy, from which the Dictionary was written, is in the Paul Mellon Centre's archive for public consultation. The archive includes research notes, correspondence, transcriptions and copies of original sources, photocopies of published material, publications and photographs. The main sequence of material is reference material in an alphabetical run of British and Irish travellers that includes artists, antiquaries, collectors and the nobility. Ford's archive also comprises material on foreign travellers and general subjects covering the arts, taste and patronage and Ford's unpublished typescript Aspects of the Grand Tour.
Ford art collectionEdit
Benjamin Booth, Brinsley's ancestor, began collecting works of art in the 18th century, most notably the bulk of Richard Wilson's English landscapes. It was further enhanced when Marianne, his daughter, was married to Richard Ford. Brinsley Ford added paintings, sculptures and ceramics to the collection. Works were made during the Baroque and Renaissance periods, including works of Old Masters. He has works of students of the Royal Academy of Arts that line the walls of his bedroom, from floor to ceiling. Ford enjoyed the tours he gave of the collection at his Wyndham Place house. He provided background stories about his collection, given with "the measured cadences of Edward Gibbon with the humorous sparkle of Horace Walpole" as he took visitors through rooms that held collection items.
The Brinsley Ford estate sold a drawing of what became Michelangelo's Cristo della Minerva statue, through Christie's, to a German art dealer for $12,378,500. The drawing, purchased by Ford in 1936, was used as inspiration for the statue located at the Church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome that was commissioned in 1514. It was sold for nearly $5 million more than the previous price paid for a Michelangelo work, the Woman of Camaria in 1998. In 1936, Ford was criticised for spending about 3,000 guineas for a drawing of Michelangelo's; his aunt felt it was extravagant since he paid about what it would cost for a home at that time. That story was often one of the tidbits that Ford shared on his tours with visitors.
A few of the exhibitions of the collection are:
- 18th Century French Paintings Drawings and Sculpture: Artemis. David Carritt Limited. 1978.
- Catalogue of an Exhibition of Pictures by Richard Wilson and His Circle Org. by the City Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham, Jan., 1949 in the Tate Gallery, London. 1949.
- City and County of the City of Exeter. The Education Committee and Governors of the Royal Albert Memorial Museum. Exhibition of Works of Art from the Ford Collection by Courtesy of Brinsley Ford ... March 7th to April 5th, 1946 ... Catalogue. James Townsend & Sons. 1946.
- Pictures Lost to the Nation. 1986.
- Staying at Felbrigg as the Guest of Wyndham Ketton-Cremer. National Trust Year Book. 1977.
- The Ford Collection. Walpole Society. 1998.
- Richard Brinsley Ford (1977). The Society of Dilettanti: Its History.
- Three Centuries of British Water-colours and Drawings. Arts Council. 1951.
- New Grafton Gallery (London); Sir Brinsley Ford (1986). Cherryl Fountain. New Grafton Gallery.
- Brinsley Ford; Parkin Gallery (London) (1977). Emilie Gwynne-Jones: Paintings, Water-colours and Drawings.
- Royal academy of arts (GB); Brinsley Ford; St. John Gore (1955). English Taste in the 18th Century from Baroque to Neo-Classic...: Winter Exhibition 1955–56, Royal Academy of Arts, London. Royal academy of arts.
- Brinsley Ford; Maas Gallery (London) (1985). Exhibition of Pastels and Watercolours by Jehan Daly and Celia Ward.
- Brinsley Ford; Royal Albert Memorial Museum (1946). Exhibition of Works of Art from the Ford Collection (by Courtesy of Brinsley Ford, Esq.): March 7th to April 5th, 1946. J. Townsend and Sons, Printers.
- Orovida Camille Pissarro; Brinsley Ford; S. Rowland Pierce, Jonathan Skelton (1960). Prince Rupert and the invention of mezzotint. University Press, for the Walpole Society.
- Brinsley Ford; Richard Ford (1 January 1974). Richard Ford in Spain: Catalogue of a Loan Exhibition in Aid of the National Art-Collections Fund 5th June-12th July, 1974 Held at Wildenstein, London. Wildenstein. ISBN 0902128159. LCCN 75315735.
- Sir Robert Sainsbury; Brinsley Ford; Burlington House Fair (London) (1979). The Burlington International Fine Art Fair (at the Royal Academy of Arts). Royal Academy of Arts (London).
- Brinsley Ford; Tessa Murdoch; Grosvenor House (1989). The Grosvenor House Antiques Fair: The Antique Dealers' Fair. Trusthouse Forte.
- Walpole Society (Great Britain); Orovida Camille Pissarro; Stephen Rowland Pierce, Brinsley Ford (1960). The Thirty-sixth Volume of the Walpole Society, 1956–1958. The Society.
- "Sir Brinsley Ford". Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain. John Ormsby (1889). "Ford, Richard". In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 19. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 421–422.
- Gustav Friedrich Waagen; Algernon Graves (1854). Treasures of art in Great Britain: being an account of the chief collections of paintings, drawings, sculptures, illuminated mss. J. Murray. pp. i. 28, 30, 36, ii. 233, ii. 47.
- George Ireland (8 May 1999). "Obituary: Sir Brinsley Ford". The Independent. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
It is also available at here at HighBeam Research (subscription required)
- The Burlington Magazine (June 1999). "Sir Brinsley Ford: A Tribute". The Burlington Magazine. 141 (1155). Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "Sir (Richard) Brinsley Ford (1908–1999), Chairman of the National Arts Collection Fund". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "The Brinsley Ford Archive". Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- "Donations: Sir Brinsley Ford". Paul Mellon Centre. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
- "International Michelangelo Fetches Record $12 Million". ABC News. 4 July 2000. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- Dan Kadison (5 July 2000). "Michelangelo Work Draws $12M at Auction". New York Post. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "The Ford Art Collection arrives at Weston Park". Historic Houses Association. 4 April 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "At home with art treasures from the Brinsley Ford Collection". Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.); Katharine Baetjer (2009). British Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1575–1875. Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp. 58–59, 74. ISBN 978-1-58839-348-7.
- Rosemary Sweet (4 October 2012). Cities and the Grand Tour: The British in Italy, C.1690–1820. Cambridge University Press. pp. x, 71, 102, 139, 293–294. ISBN 978-1-107-02050-4.
- The Ford Collection. Walpole Society. 1998.
- Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.); Federico Zeri; Elizabeth E. Gardner (1973). Italian Paintings: Venetian School: A Catalogue of the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-87099-079-3.
- Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres; Gary Tinterow; Philip Conisbee (1 January 1999). Portraits by Ingres: Image of an Epoch. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 566. ISBN 978-0-87099-891-1.
- Nigel Glendinning; Hilary Macartney (2010). Spanish Art in Britain and Ireland, 1750–1920: Studies in Reception in Memory of Enriqueta Harris Frankfort. Tamesis Books. pp. 23, 118, 175, 239, 269, 285. ISBN 978-1-85566-223-0.