Art Fund (formerly the National Art Collections Fund) is an independent membership-based British charity, which raises funds to aid the acquisition of artworks for the nation. It gives grants and acts as a channel for many gifts and bequests, as well as lobbying on behalf of museums and galleries and their users. It relies on members' subscriptions and public donations for funds and does not receive funding from the government or the National Lottery.
|Stephen Deuchar CBE (director) Lord Smith of Finsbury (chairman)|
Since its foundation in 1903 Art Fund has been involved in the acquisition of over 860,000 works of art of every kind, including many of the most famous objects in British public collections, such as Velázquez's Rokeby Venus in the National Gallery, Picasso's Weeping Woman in the Tate collection, the Anglo-Saxon Staffordshire Hoard in Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery and the medieval Canterbury Astrolabe Quadrant in the British Museum.
The original idea for an arts charity can be traced to a lecture given by John Ruskin in 1857 when he called for the establishment of a "great society" to save works of art for public collections and "watch over" them.
Art Fund, then named National Art Collections Fund, was founded in 1903 in order to help museums and galleries acquire works of art. The founders, who included Christiana Herringham, DS MacColl and Roger Fry, were prompted by what they saw as the inadequacy of government funding of museums.
Art critic Frank Rutter said it made him "boil with rage" that the Fund had spent thousands of pounds on Old Master paintings, some of which he considered of dubious merit or condition, but "would not contribute one half penny" to his appeal in 1905 to buy the first Impressionist painting for the National Gallery, although it welcomed the prestige of presenting the painting, Eugène Boudin's The Entrance to Trouville Harbour, the following year. He said "the Fund's inertia and snobbish ineptitude are entirely characteristic of the art-officialdom in England."
In the summer of 2006 the name was changed from the National Art Collections to The Art Fund. The same year it was caught out when it was discovered that the Amarna Princess, purportedly an ancient Egyptian sculpture, was actually a forgery by Shaun Greenhalgh.
In addition to using its own funds to help museums and galleries acquire art, Art Fund organises national fundraising campaigns to secure significant works of art that are in danger of being lost from public view.
In 2009 Art Fund led a fundraising campaign to save the Staffordshire Hoard, a collection of over 3,500 gold and silver artefacts discovered in Staffordshire. Over £900,000 was raised through public donations, and the campaign received substantial funds from trusts and foundations. As a result of the campaign, the £3.3 million treasure was acquired for Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery and the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery, Stoke-on-Trent.
In 2010 The Procession to Calvary by Pieter Brueghel the Younger, which had been hung in Wakefield's Nostell Priory for over 200 years, came under risk of being sold on the open market. Art Fund worked with the National Trust to raise the £2.7 million required to purchase the painting for the National Trust's art collection.
In 2013 King and McGaw partnered with Art Everywhere, a charitable project putting on the world's largest art exhibition. This filled 22,000 billboards across the UK with art prints with all the profits going to the Art Fund. The following year the campaign was expanded to 30,000 billboards displaying 25 artworks including the Study of Cirrus Clouds by John Constable, The Circle of Lustful by William Blake and A Lady with a Squirrel and a Starling by Hans Holbein the Younger.
Museum of the YearEdit
|William Morris Gallery - Museum of the Year 2013, (2:30), ArtFundUK|
The Art Fund sponsors the Museum of the Year award (known as the Gulbenkian Prize from 2003 to 2007 and the Art Fund Prize from 2008 to 2012). This is a £100,000 prize awarded annually to the museum or gallery that had the most imaginative, innovative or popular project during the previous year. The winners of the prize since its association with the Art Fund have been:
- 2008: The Lightbox, Woking
- 2009: Wedgwood Museum, Stoke-on-Trent
- 2010: Ulster Museum, Belfast
- 2011: A History of the World in 100 Objects, British Museum, London
- 2012: Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Exeter
- 2013: William Morris Gallery, Walthamstow, London
- 2014: Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield 
- 2015: Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester 
- 2016: Victoria and Albert Museum, London 
- 2017: The Hepworth Wakefield
- 2018: Tate St Ives
- 2019: St Fagans National Museum of History, Cardiff 
In 2008 Art Fund helped Tate and the National Galleries of Scotland acquire ARTIST ROOMS, a collection of postwar and contemporary art. Since then Art Fund has supported a tour of the collection around the UK, as well as providing additional funds to help museum display the works. By the beginning of 2011 ARTIST ROOMS tours had been seen by approximately 12 million people across Britain.
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Charity overview". Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- Correspondent, Stephen Adams, Arts (30 July 2008). "Unique medieval astrolabe saved by the British Museum". Retrieved 6 September 2018 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- Rutter, Frank. Art in My Time, p.118–119, Rich & Cowan, London, 1933.
- Hastings, Chris. "Tate Broke Own Rules on Ofili Buy", The Sunday Telegraph, 18 December 2005. Retrieved 10 October 2008.
- "Term details". British Museum. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- "From Picasso to Kate Moss, how EasyArt is filling 22,000 billboards with British art - London Business News - London News - Londonlovesbusiness.com". 9 August 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- "Billboard campaign drives interest in classic paintings". Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- "Art Fund to sponsor Gulbenkian Prize". The Art Fund. 12 June 2007. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012.
- "Museum inspired by community campaign scoops £100,000 prize". The Art Fund. 22 May 2008. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012.
- "Wedgwood Museum scoops The Art Fund Prize for museums and galleries". The Art Fund. 18 June 2009. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012.
- "Ulster Museum wins £100,000 Art Fund Prize". The Art Fund. 30 June 2010. Archived from the original on 17 November 2010.
- "British Museum scoops £100,000 Art Fund Prize and is crowned 'Museum of the Year'". The Art Fund. 15 June 2011. Archived from the original on 19 June 2011.
- "Royal Albert Memorial Museum crowned 'Museum of the Year'". The Art Fund. Archived from the original on 25 June 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Goldsmith, Belinda (4 June 2013). "William Morris Gallery crowned British museum of year". Reuters. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- Gray, Maggie (10 July 2014). "Yorkshire Sculpture Park named Art Fund's Museum of the Year". Apollo. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- Pes, Javier (2 July 2015). "Whitworth named UK museum of the year". The Art Newspaper. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Pes, Javier (7 July 2016). "Victoria and Albert Museum wins UK's glittering award". The Art Newspaper. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- Kennedy, Maev (5 July 2018), "'Breathtakingly beautiful': Tate St Ives wins museum of the year award", The Guardian, retrieved 7 July 2018
- St Fagans National Museum of History wins Museum of the Year, BBC, 4 July 2019, retrieved 4 July 2019