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The brill (Scophthalmus rhombus) is a species of flatfish in the turbot family (Scophthalmidae) of the order Pleuronectiformes. Brill can be found in the northeast Atlantic, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, and Mediterranean, primarily in deeper offshore waters.[2]

Scophthalmus rhombus.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Scophthalmidae
Genus: Scophthalmus
S. rhombus
Binomial name
Scophthalmus rhombus
  • Pleuronectes laevis Turton, 1802
  • Pleuronectes rhombus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Rhombus laevis (Turton, 1802)

Brill have slender bodies, brown covered with lighter and darker coloured flecks, excluding the tailfin; the underside of the fish is usually cream coloured or pinkish white. Like other flatfish the brill has the ability to match its colour to the surroundings. Brill weigh up to 8 kg (18 lb) and can reach a length of 75 cm (2 ft 6 in), but are less than half that on average. Part of the dorsal fin of the fish is not connected to the fin membrane, giving the fish a frilly appearance. They are sometimes confused with the turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), which is more diamond-shaped. The two species are related and can produce hybrids. On the west coast of Canada (outside the range of Scophthalmus rhombus) local fisherman refer to the petrale sole, Eopsetta jordani, as brill.

Name in other languagesEdit

Language Name
Galician Coruxo
French Barbue
Italian Rombo Liscio
Catalan Rèmol
Danish Slethvar
Dutch Griet
Polish Nagład
Swedish Slätvar
Norwegian Slettvar
German Glattbutt
Romanian Calcan
Greek Καλκάνι (Calcani)
Maori Patikinui
Portuguese Rodovalho
Slovene Gladki romb
Spanish Rombo
Turkish Kalkan
Finnish Silokampela
Ukrainian Калкан гладенький
Estonian Sile kammeljas
Lithuanian Uotas


  • Scophthalmus rhombus Marine Life Encyclopedia
  • Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Scophthalmus rhombus" in FishBase. February 2006 version.
  • "Scophthalmus rhombus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 April 2006.


  1. ^ Golani, D.; Kada, O.; Nouar, A.; Quignard, J.P. & Cuttelod, A. (2011). "Scophthalmus rhombus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T198732A9089886. Downloaded on 27 March 2018.
  2. ^ Whiteman, Kate (2000). The world encyclopedia of Fish and Shellfishes. Hermes House. p. 256. ISBN 1-84309-666-8.

External linksEdit

  • Brill, in What Am I Eating? A Food Dictionary