Brannik (Bulgarian: Бранник) was a Bulgarian pro-fascist youth organization during World War II.[1] The "Brannik" organization was founded on the initiative of the then prime minister prof. Bogdan Filov at the XXV National Youth Meeting on December 29, 1940. It was modeled on the Nazi Hitler Youth. Her motto was: "Boris, Bulgaria, God!" The armbands worn on uniforms and on the banners had the letter "B" on them. The organization was closely related with the Bulgarian authorities and Tsar Boris III personally.

Emblem of the Brannik organisation.

Organizationally, it was divided into 3 structures: for children from 10 to 14 years, for the younger part of the youth from 14 to 16 years and for older youths from 16 to 21 years. The youth were concentrated in teams (boys) and wreaths (girls), and above were the chetas (40-50 people). From April 1941, i.e. the occupation of parts of the territory of Yugoslavia by the Bulgarian army, it also included representatives of occupied Vardar Macedonia. In 1942, members of the Bulgarian Red Cross joined the "Brannik". The organization became mass, reaching a population of approx. 450 thousand. members. On September 9, 1944, after Bulgaria switched to the Allied side, "Brannik" was outlawed as a fascist organization. Many members were sentenced or repressed in the post-war years by communist authorities.


  1. ^ Поппетров, Н. (2009). Социално наляво, нацинализмът – напред: програмни и организационни документи на български авторитаристки националистически формации. София: Изд. „Гутенберг“, стр. 805 – 848. ISBN 9789546170606.