Vardar Macedonia

Vardar Macedonia (Macedonian and Serbian: Вардарска Македонија, Vardarska Makedonija) was the name given to the territory of the Kingdom of Serbia (1912–1918) and Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941) roughly corresponding to today's North Macedonia. It covers the northwestern part of geographical Macedonia, whose modern borders came to be defined by the mid-19th century.

Borders of the modern geographical region of Macedonia, divided by the national boundaries of the neighboring countries (Kosovo is depicted as part of Serbia). To the northwest: Vardar Macedonia, encompassing North Macedonia; Trgovište and Preševo municipalities in Serbia and Elez Han municipality in Kosovo. To the northeast: Pirin Macedonia, part of southwestern Bulgaria. To the south: Macedonia (Greece), part of northern Greece.

HistoryEdit

Vardar Macedonia usually refers to the central part of the region of Macedonia attributed to the Kingdom of Serbia by the Treaty of Bucharest (1913) after the Balkan Wars. The territory is named after the Vardar, the major river that cuts across the region from northwest to southeast, to distinguish it from both Greek Macedonia and the region around the Pirin Mountain in Bulgaria.

The region was initially known as Serbian Macedonia[1][2] although the use of the name Macedonia was prohibited later in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, due to the implemented policy of Serbianisation of the local Slavic-speakers.[3][4] From 1919 to 1922, the area (including parts of today Kosovo and Eastern Serbia) was part of South Serbia (Serbian: Jужна Србија, Južna Srbija),[5][6][7] In 1929, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was divided into provinces called banovinas. Vardar Macedonia as part of South Serbia then became part of Vardar Banovina.[8]

During World War I it was occupied by Bulgaria as part of the Military Inspection Area of Macedonia. After the war the present-day Strumica and Novo Selo municipalities were broken away from Bulgaria and ceded to Yugoslavia. During the Second World War, Bulgaria established two administrative districts in the region - Bitola and Skopje. In 1946, most of Vardar Macedonia as one of the six constituent countries of SFR Yugoslavia became the People's Republic of Macedonia (1946-1963) then the Socialist Republic of Macedonia (1963-1991).

After the breakup of Yugoslavia, besides North Macedonia, the region encompasses also Trgovište and Preševo municipalities in Serbia,[9] as well the Elez Han municipality in Kosovo.[10] Sometimes in the region are included the areas of Golo Brdo and Mala Prespa in Albania.[citation needed]

BackgroundEdit

YugoslaviaEdit

Republic of North MacedoniaEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Popovic, P. (2018). Serbian Macedonia: An Historical Survey. Creative Media Partners, LLC. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-344-87197-9.
  2. ^ Treanor, P.J. (2019). Britain, Bulgaria, and the Paris Peace Conference, 1918–1919: A Just and Lasting Peace?. Lexington Books. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-4985-8563-7.
  3. ^ Donald Bloxham, The Final Solution: A Genocide, OUP Oxford, 2009, ISBN 0199550336, p. 65.
  4. ^ Chris Kostov, Contested Ethnic Identity: The Case of Macedonian Immigrants in Toronto, Peter Lang, 2010, ISBN 3034301960, p. 76.
  5. ^ Victor Roudometof, Collective Memory, National Identity, and Ethnic Conflict: Greece, Bulgaria, and the Macedonian Question, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 0275976483, p. 102.
  6. ^ Constantine Panos Danopoulos, Dhirendra K. Vajpeyi, Amir Bar-Or, Civil-military Relations, Nation Building, and National Identity: Comparative Perspectives, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004, ISBN 0275979237, p. 218.
  7. ^ Roland Robertson, Victor Roudometof, Nationalism, Globalization, and Orthodoxy: The Social Origins of Ethnic Conflict in the Balkans, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001, ISBN 0313319499, p. 188.
  8. ^ War of words: Washington tackles the Yugoslav conflict, p. 43, at Google Books
  9. ^ Петър Христов Петров, Македония: история и политическа съдба, том 3, Изд-во "Знание" ООД, 1998, стр. 109.
  10. ^ Стефан Карастоянов, Косово: геополитически анализ, Университетско издателство "Св. Климент Охридски", 2007, ISBN 9540725410, стр. 41.

Further readingEdit