Bralos or Brallos (Greek: Μπράλ[λ]ος) is a village located on the slopes of Mount Kallidromon in Phthiotis, Greece. It is part of the municipality Amfikleia-Elateia. The town can be found along European route E65, and is served by Bralos railway station.

Bralos
Μπράλος
British Military Cemetery, Bralos
British Military Cemetery, Bralos
Bralos is located in Greece
Bralos
Bralos
Coordinates: 38°44′N 22°28′E / 38.733°N 22.467°E / 38.733; 22.467Coordinates: 38°44′N 22°28′E / 38.733°N 22.467°E / 38.733; 22.467
CountryGreece
Administrative regionCentral Greece
Regional unitPhthiotis
MunicipalityAmfikleia-Elateia
Municipal unitAmfikleia
Community
 • Population280 (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registrationΜΙ

HistoryEdit

In October 1917, during World War I, the 49th Stationary Hospital was established at Bralos along with rest and recuperation camps for Allied troops. It remained in use until April 1919. Many of the dead from the hospital—chiefly from the influenza epidemic—are buried in the Bralo British Cemetery. It contains 101 burials, 95 of which from the British Commonwealth.[2]

Bralos was also the site of fighting between British Commonwealth troops and the Germans in the Battle of Thermopylae (1941).

On 12 January 1947, 300 guerrillas led by Captain Diamantis, of the Democratic Army of Greece took the Bralos railway station by surprise at 14:00 local time, when the train pulled into the station. The guerrillas destroyed the radios, called on the passengers to get off the train, and separated the civilians from the soldiers. Captains Stathakopoulos, Nikolopoulos and gendarme Kastanas resisted the takeover, who were killed in the ensuing exchange of gunfire. The guerrillas sat at the station for an hour and a half, blew up the chimney of the locomotive and set fire to the train, resulting in the burning of two wagons. They then left in cars, taking with them about 20 captives, various supplies and the station's cash register, and took refuge in Oiti. Both the Army and Gendarmerie forces pursued them without result.[3]

DemographicsEdit

The following table includes the demographic development of Bralos settlement:

Census 1928 1940 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
Population[4] 741 466 322 243 176 157 298 175 114

TransportEdit

Trains at Parori and Bralos Pass in Winter.

RoadEdit

The town can be found along European route E65

RailEdit

The village is served by Bralos railway station, with local stopping services to Tithorea and Leianokladi.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ "BRALO BRITISH CEMETERY". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Rizospastis.gr - Αντάρτες στο σταθμό του Μπράλου". 25 June 2006.
  4. ^ Michael Stamatelatos - Fotini Vamba-Stamatelatou, Short Geographical Dictionary of Greece, Hermes, Athens 2001, p. 525.