Brahmi (Unicode block)

Brahmi is a Unicode block containing characters written in India from the 3rd century BCE through the first millennium CE. It is the predecessor to all modern Indic scripts.

Brahmi
RangeU+11000..U+1107F
(128 code points)
PlaneSMP
ScriptsBrahmi
Assigned109 code points
Unused19 reserved code points
Unicode version history
6.0108 (+108)
7.0109 (+1)
Note: [1][2]
Brahmi[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
ย  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1100x ๐‘€€ ๐‘€ ๐‘€‚ ย ๐‘€ƒย  ย ๐‘€„ย  ๐‘€… ๐‘€† ๐‘€‡ ๐‘€ˆ ๐‘€‰ ๐‘€Š ๐‘€‹ ๐‘€Œ ๐‘€ ๐‘€Ž ๐‘€
U+1101x ๐‘€ ๐‘€‘ ๐‘€’ ๐‘€“ ๐‘€” ๐‘€• ๐‘€– ๐‘€— ๐‘€˜ ๐‘€™ ๐‘€š ๐‘€› ๐‘€œ ๐‘€ ๐‘€ž ๐‘€Ÿ
U+1102x ๐‘€  ๐‘€ก ๐‘€ข ๐‘€ฃ ๐‘€ค ๐‘€ฅ ๐‘€ฆ ๐‘€ง ๐‘€จ ๐‘€ฉ ๐‘€ช ๐‘€ซ ๐‘€ฌ ๐‘€ญ ๐‘€ฎ ๐‘€ฏ
U+1103x ๐‘€ฐ ๐‘€ฑ ๐‘€ฒ ๐‘€ณ ๐‘€ด ๐‘€ต ๐‘€ถ ๐‘€ท ๐‘€ธ ๐‘€น ๐‘€บ ๐‘€ป ๐‘€ผ ๐‘€ฝ ๐‘€พ ๐‘€ฟ
U+1104x ๐‘€ ๐‘ ๐‘‚ ๐‘ƒ ๐‘„ ๐‘… ๐‘† ๐‘‡ ๐‘ˆ ๐‘‰ ๐‘Š ๐‘‹ ๐‘Œ ๐‘
U+1105x ๐‘’ ๐‘“ ๐‘” ๐‘• ๐‘– ๐‘— ๐‘˜ ๐‘™ ๐‘š ๐‘› ๐‘œ ๐‘ ๐‘ž ๐‘Ÿ
U+1106x ๐‘  ๐‘ก ๐‘ข ๐‘ฃ ๐‘ค ๐‘ฅ ๐‘ฆ ๐‘ง ๐‘จ ๐‘ฉ ๐‘ช ๐‘ซ ๐‘ฌ ๐‘ญ ๐‘ฎ ๐‘ฏ
U+1107x ย BNJย 
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

HistoryEdit

The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Brahmi block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2ย ID WG2ย ID Document
6.0 U+11000..1104D, 11052..1106F 108 L2/98-032 N1685 Everson, Michael (1998-01-18), Proposal to encode Brahmi in Plane 1 of ISO/IEC 10646
L2/98-286 N1703 Umamaheswaran, V. S.; Ksar, Mike (1998-07-02), "8.19", Unconfirmed Meeting Minutes, WG 2 Meeting #34, Redmond, WA, USA; 1998-03-16--20
L2/00-128 Bunz, Carl-Martin (2000-03-01), Scripts from the Past in Future Versions of Unicode
L2/02-397 Baums, Stefan; Glass, Andrew (2002-11-02), Note for the UTC on the encoding of Brahmi in Unicode
L2/03-249R Baums, Stefan; Glass, Andrew (2003-07-27), Proposal for the Encoding of Brahmi in Plane 1 of ISO/IEC 10646
L2/08-277R N3490R Everson, Michael; Glass, Andrew; Baums, Stefan (2007-08-14), Progressing the encoding of Brahmi in the SMP of the UCS
L2/07-342 N3491 Baums, Stefan; Glass, Andrew (2007-10-09), Proposal for the encoding of Brฤhmฤซ in Plane 1 of ISO/IEC 10646
L2/07-406 Glass, Andrew; Baums, Stefan (2007-10-31), Scripts on Roadmap covered by Brahmi encoding (L2/07-342)
L2/08-253R2 Moore, Lisa (2008-08-19), "Brahmi (B.15.1, C.3.1)", UTC #116 Minutes
L2/08-412 N3553 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2008-11-05), "M53.22", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 53
L2/12-020 Sharma, Shriramana (2012-01-12), Special rendering of some jihvamuliya/upadhmaniya characters
L2/12-031 Anderson, Deborah; McGowan, Rick; Whistler, Ken (2012-01-27), "III.ย BRAHMI", Review of Indic-related L2 documents and Recommendations to the UTC
L2/12-007 Moore, Lisa (2012-02-14), "Consensus 130-C11", UTC #130 / L2 #227 Minutes, The UTC has determined that a virama should not be used in Sharada sequences involving Jihvamuliya and Upadhmaniya.
L2/12-106 Sharma, Shriramana (2012-03-17), "5. Brahmi", Request for editorial updates to various Indic scripts
L2/12-147 Anderson, Deborah; McGowan, Rick; Whistler, Ken (2012-04-25), "V.ย BRAHMI", Review of Indic-related L2 documents and Recommendations to the UTC
L2/12-239 Moore, Lisa (2012-08-14), "Consensus 132-C16", UTC #132 Minutes, Create a glyph erratum for Brahmi Letter LLLA based on the image in document L2/12-292.
L2/14-066 Sharma, Shriramana (2014-02-07), Representation of the Brahmi and Kannada Jihvamuliya/Upadhmaniya Characters in the Code Charts
L2/16-343 A, Srinidhi; A, Sridatta (2016-11-05), Request to change the glyphs of Brahmi vowel signs Vocalic R and Vocalic RR
L2/16-321R A, Srinidhi; A, Sridatta (2016-12-23), Request to change the glyph of 11008 BRAHMI LETTER II
L2/17-037 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; Pournader, Roozbeh; Glass, Andrew; Iancu, Laurenศ›iu; Moore, Lisa; Liang, Hai; Ishida, Richard; Misra, Karan; McGowan, Rick (2017-01-21), "3. Brahmi", Recommendations to UTC #150 January 2017 on Script Proposals
L2/17-016 Moore, Lisa (2017-02-08), "Consensus 150-C11, Action item 150-A64", UTC #150 Minutes
L2/17-224 McGowan, Rick (2017-07-25), "Dotted box for Brahmi/Kannada fricative characters", Comments on Public Review Issues (May 01 - July 25, 2017)
L2/17-426 A, Srinidhi; A, Sridatta (2017-12-08), Request to change the glyphs of THIRTY and FORTY of Brahmi
L2/18-039 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; Pournader, Roozbeh; Moore, Lisa; Liang, Hai; Cook, Richard (2018-01-19), "8. Brahmi", Recommendations to UTC #154 January 2018 on Script Proposals
L2/17-362 Moore, Lisa (2018-02-02), "153-A92", UTC #153 Minutes
L2/18-115 Moore, Lisa (2018-05-09), "Action item 154-A103", UTC #155 Minutes, Create a glyph erratum for U+1105D and U+1105E.
7.0 U+1107F 1 L2/10-340 Sharma, Shriramana (2010-09-14), Using ZWJ in the encoded representation of Brahmi numbers
L2/10-440 Anderson, Deborah; McGowan, Rick; Whistler, Ken (2010-10-27), "3. Brahmi Numbers", Review of Indic-related L2 documents and Recommendations to the UTC
L2/10-416R Moore, Lisa (2010-11-09), "Action item 125-A20", UTC #125 / L2 #222 Minutes, Create an alternate proposal for Brahmi numbers.
L2/11-357R N4166 Glass, Andrew; Sharma, Shriramana (2011-11-02), Proposal to encode 1107F Brahmi Number Joiner
L2/11-353 Moore, Lisa (2011-11-30), "D.8", UTC #129 / L2 #226 Minutes
N4253 (pdf, doc) "M59.16d", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 59, 2012-09-12
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.