Bouches-de-l'Escaut ([buʃ.də.lɛ.sko], "Mouths of the Scheldt"; Dutch: Monden van de Schelde) was a department of the First French Empire in the present-day Netherlands. It was formed in 1810, when the Kingdom of Holland was annexed by France. Its territory corresponded with the present-day Dutch province of Zeeland, minus Zeelandic Flanders, which was part of the department of Escaut. Its capital was Middelburg.

Bouches-de-l'Escaut (red) besides other departments in the North of the French Empire

The department was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[1]

Its population in 1812 was 76,820, and its area was 63,000 hectares.[1]

After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, the department became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.


  1. ^ a b Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 377-378, accessed in Gallica 24 July 2013 (in French)

Coordinates: 51°29′00″N 3°36′00″E / 51.4833°N 3.6°E / 51.4833; 3.6