Bouches-de-l'Escaut ([buʃ.də.lɛ.sko], "Mouths of the Scheldt"; Dutch: Monden van de Schelde) was a department of the First French Empire in the present-day Netherlands. It was formed in 1810, when the Kingdom of Holland was annexed by France. Its territory corresponded with the present-day Dutch province of Zeeland, minus Zeelandic Flanders, which was part of the department of Escaut. Its capital was Middelburg.
- Middelburg, cantons: Middelburg, Veere and Vlissingen.
- Goes, cantons: Goes, Heinkenszand, Kortgene and Kruiningen.
- Zierikzee, cantons: Zierikzee, Brouwershaven and Tholen.
Its population in 1812 was 76,820, and its area was 63,000 hectares.