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Zierikzee (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈziːrɪkseː]) is a small city in the southwest Netherlands, 30 km southwest of Rotterdam. It is situated in the municipality of Schouwen-Duiveland, Zeeland. The city hall of Schouwen-Duiveland is located in Zierikzee, its largest city. Zierikzee is connected to Oosterschelde through a canal.

Zierikzee
City
Flag of Zierikzee
Flag
Coat of arms of Zierikzee
Coat of arms
LocatieSchouwen-Duiveland.png
The town centre (dark green) and the statistical district (light green) of Zierikzee in the municipality of Schouwen-Duiveland.
The town centre (dark green) and the statistical district (light green) of Zierikzee in the municipality of Schouwen-Duiveland.
Coordinates: 51°38′59″N 3°54′59″E / 51.64972°N 3.91639°E / 51.64972; 3.91639Coordinates: 51°38′59″N 3°54′59″E / 51.64972°N 3.91639°E / 51.64972; 3.91639
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceZeeland
MunicipalitySchouwen-Duiveland
Population
(5-1-2009)
 • Total10,483
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
4301
Dialing code0111

In 2001, the town of Zierikzee had 10,313 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 3.0 km², and contained 4,295 residences.[1] The statistical area "Zierikzee", which also can include the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 10,730.[2]

HistoryEdit

Zierikzee, then located on the island of Schouwen, received city rights in 1248. There was a sea battle in 1304.

In 1953, Zierikzee was damaged by the catastrophic North Sea flood of 1953. The English town of Hatfield sent help and a friendship has developed. The two towns have been twinned. In 1997 the municipality of Zierikzee merged into that of Schouwen-Duiveland.

In 2015, the last surviving example of the city's defensive cannons; cast in 1552, was donated to the city by the British coastguard. The coastguard had recovered it from a commercial diver, during a criminal investigation. The diver had found it off the Kent coast.[3]

 
The channel that connects Zierikzee to Oosterschelde is mainly used by tourist boats.
 
View of Zierikzee (1618), by Esaias van der Velde
 
1649 map of Zierikzee (Zirizea) in Willem and Joan Blaeu's "Toonneel der Steden"
 
The tower (Sint-Lievensmonstertoren) of Zierikzee was planned to be twice as high as it was eventually built.
 
View over Zierikzee.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Bevolkingskernen in Nederland 2001. (Statistics are for the continuous built-up area).
  2. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Statline: Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2003-2005 Archived 2006-07-24 at WebCite. As of 1 January 2005.
  3. ^ "Historic cannon returned to its Dutch home". Maritime and Coastguard Agency. 9 December 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2015.