Boroondara General Cemetery
Boroondara General Cemetery, often referred to as Kew cemetery, is one of the oldest cemeteries in Victoria, Australia. The cemetery, located in Kew, a suburb of Melbourne, is listed as a heritage place on the Victorian Heritage Register.
General view with the Cussen Memorial in the middle ground.
|Size||31 acre (12.5 ha)|
|No. of graves||75,000|
|Website||Boroondara General Cemetery|
|Find a Grave||Boroondara General Cemetery|
The 31-acre (13 ha) cemetery site was reserved in 1855 and trustees were first appointed in 1858. A site plan was drawn up by Frederick Acheson, a civil engineer in the Public Lands Office, with the layout segregated by religious denomination, a common occurrence at the time. The first burial took place in 1859.
In 1864 Albert Purchas, who was architect and surveyor for the Melbourne General Cemetery, joined the trust. Purchas is believed to be the designer of the landscape layout as well as many of the features of the cemetery including the cast iron entrance gates (1889), the rotunda (1890) and the surrounding ornamental brick wall (1895–6), as well as various additions to the original 1860 Cottage in the period 1866–1899 including the clock tower. The design of the cemetery was influenced by the Victorian garden cemetery movement. This influence was reflected in the curving path network following the contours of the site, the creation of defined views and a park like setting.
In the latter half of the twentieth century the cemetery was becoming full and many pathways and grassed verges were used to provide new burial sites. At the same time, many of the older Victorian monuments began to fall into disrepair due to their age and lack of funding to maintain them.
In 2001 the Peace Haven Mausoleum was built by the Cemetery Trust to cater for growing demand for above-ground burials and interments, and in 2011 garden crypts were opened in a bushland setting near the High Street pedestrian gate.
Burials and memorialsEdit
The cemetery has had more than 80,000 burials since 1859. Among these are some very prominent Melburnians. The Syme memorial was constructed in 1908 in memory of David Syme, publisher of The Age newspaper. It has a temple-like appearance and Egyptian motifs. Between 1889 and 1907 the Springthorpe Memorial was constructed on behalf of Dr John Springthorpe in memory of his wife, Annie and in 1912 the Cussen Memorial was commissioned by Sir Leo Cussen, a judge of the Victorian Supreme Court as a memorial to his son, Hubert. The latter is a small chapel designed in the Gothic Revival style.
- John Arthur Andrews (1865-1903), anarchist, journalist, poet, linguist
- George Henry Bennett (1850-1908), brewer, benefactor, politician, Mayor of Richmond, president of Richmond Football Club
- Graham Berry (1822-1904), Premier of Victoria
- Joseph Bosisto (1827-1898), chemist, politician, eucalyptus manufacturer and advocate
- Louis Buvelot (1814-1888), artist
- E.W.Cole (1832-1918), "Cole of the Book Arcade", bookseller and children's book publisher
- Madge Connor (1874-1952), pioneering police officer, private investigator
- Leo Cussen (1859-1933), jurist
- Owen Dixon (1886-1972), Chief Justice
- Edmund Duggan (1862-1938), actor & playwright
- Frank Gavan Duffy (1852-1936), Chief Justice
- Edward Dunn (1844-1937), geologist
- William Fitchett (1841-1928), journalist, educator
- Thomas Sergeant Hall (1858-1915), scientist
- Lesbia Harford (1891-1927), poet
- H.C.A. Harrison (1836-1929), sports administrator, pioneer of Australian Rules Football
- Helen Hart (1842-1908), feminist, evangelist
- Edythe Ellison Harvie (1902-1984), architect
- Edward Henty (1812-1878), pioneer
- Jules François de Sales Joubert (1824–1907), impresario, prospector
- Ian MacFarlan (1881-1964), Premier of Victoria
- Mona McBurney (1862-1932), composer
- Georgiana McCrae (1804-1890), pioneer, artist, diarist
- William Murray McPherson (1865-1932), Premier of Victoria
- John Michell (1863-1940), mathematician
- Charles Nuttall (1872-1934), artist, writer
- Carl Pinschof (1855-1926), merchant, consul, arts patron
- Albert Purchas (1825-1909), architect, surveyor
- Joseph Reed (1823-1890), architect
- Stanley Savige (1890-1954), soldier, founder of Legacy
- John Springthorpe (1855-1933), physician
- Nellie Stewart (1858-1931), actor and singer
- George Sutherland (1855-1905), author & journalist
- David Syme (1827-1908), newspaper proprietor
- Camillo Triaca (1887-1902), sculptor & restaurateur
- Elise Wiedermann (1851-1922), soprano
- David Wang (1920-1978), retailer, councillor, Chinese community pioneer
- John Wren (1851-1953), bookmaker, businessman, political operator
- John Dickson Wyselaskie (1818-1883), grazier, benefactor
- Alberto Zelman (1874-1927), conductor, founder of Melbourne Symphony Orchestra
The cemetery has a notable collection of mature trees including rows of Bhutan Cypress (Cupressus torulosa) and Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens 'Italica'), as well as specimens of Bunya Bunya (Araucaria bidwillii), Canary Island Pine (Pinus canariensis), Weeping Elms (Ulmus glabra 'Camperdownii'), Queensland Kauri (Agathis robusta) and Weeping Cypress (Cupressus funebris).
- "Boroondara General Cemetery, Victorian Heritage Register (VHR) Number H0049, Heritage Overlay HO64". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Victoria.
- "RICHMOND CEMETERY". The Argus (2646). Victoria, Australia. 13 December 1855. p. 7. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- "BOROONDARA ROAD BOARD". The Argus (3483). Victoria, Australia. 10 August 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- "Springthorpe Memorial, Boroondara General Cemetery, Victorian Heritage Register (VHR) Number H0522, Heritage Overlay HO64". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Victoria.
- "Cussen Memorial, Boroondara General Cemetery, Victorian Heritage Register (VHR) Number H2036, Heritage Overlay HO64". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Victoria.
- "Madge Irene Connor". Australian Dictionary Biography.
- "Helen Hart". Australian Dictionary Biography.
- "Joubert". ADB.
- "Camillo Triaca". Australian Dictionary Biography.
- "Elise Wiedermann". Australian Dictionary Biography.
- BOROONDARA GENERAL CEMETERY CWGC Cemetery Report. Breakdown obtained from casualty records.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Boroondara General Cemetery.|
- Boroondara General Cemetery (official site)
- Boroondara General Cemetery – Billion Graves
- Victorian Heritage Register: Boroondara General Cemetery
- Victorian Heritage Register: Boroondara General Cemetery (rtf)
- Friends of Boroondara (Kew) General Cemetery Inc.