Bongsang of Goguryeo

King Bongsang of Goguryeo (died 300, r. 292–300)[1] was the 14th ruler of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. He was the eldest son of King Seocheon.[2]

Bongsang of Goguryeo
Hangul
봉상왕, 치갈왕
Hanja
烽上王, 雉葛王
Revised RomanizationBongsang-wang, Chigal-wang
McCune–ReischauerPongsang-wang, Ch'igal-wang
Birth name
Hangul
고상부 or 삽시루
Hanja
高相夫 or 歃矢婁
Revised RomanizationGo Sang-bu or Sapsiru
McCune–ReischauerKo Sangbu or Sapsiru

From his youth, he is said to have been arrogant and dissolute, full of mistrust and envy.[1] As soon as he was crowned, Bongsang charged his popular uncle Go Dal-ga (Prince An-guk) with treason and had him slain, upsetting his people.[2]

In the eighth lunar month of 293 the Xianbei chieftain Murong Hui invaded. Bongsang fled to the mountain of Sinseong. The sohyeong of the north, Go No-ja, led five hundred cavalry out to meet the king, and went on to defeat the Xianbei forces. King Bongsang promoted Go No-ja to daehyeong, a position of the 5th rank, giving him Gongnim as stipend land.[2][3][4]

The following month, the king feared that his younger brother Go Dol-go was plotting against him, and forced him to commit suicide. Dol-go's son, the subsequent king Micheon fled and preserved his own life. In the eighth month of 296, Murong Hui invaded once more, but was repelled.[2]

The following month, a heavy frost and hail fell and destroyed the crops, but the king carried on with reconstructing the palace with gaining massive complaints from his people.[5] In spite of continuous resentment, King didn't listen to the counsels of his ministers, while some of Goguryeo people chose to flee away from forced labor.[2]

In the end, his ministers carried out a coup in the eighth lunar month of 300.[6] Bongsang and his two sons committed suicide. He was buried in Bongsan-won. The ministers found the escaped prince, and set him on the throne as King Micheon.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Kim, Bushik (1145). Samguk Sagi (三國史記 卷第十七 髙句麗本紀 第五 ed.). 烽上王 一云雉葛., 諱相夫 或云歃矢婁., 西川王之太子也. 㓜驕逸多疑忌. 西川王二十三年薨, 太子即位.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "King Bongsang". KBS Radio. KBS. Retrieved 31 January 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Kim, Bushik (1145). Samguk Sagi (三國史記 卷第十七 髙句麗本紀 第五 ed.). Retrieved 31 January 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)二年, 秋八月慕容廆來侵. 王欲徃新城避賊. 行至鵠林, 慕容廆知王出, 引兵追之. 將及王懼. 時新城宰北部小兄髙奴子, 領五百騎迎王, 逢賊奮擊之, 廆軍敗退. 王喜, 加髙奴子爵爲大兄, 兼賜鵠林爲食邑.
  4. ^ Yi, Hun-gu (1929). A History of Land Systems and Policies in Korea. University of Wisconsin. p. 36. Retrieved 31 January 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ p'yŏn, Paeksanhakhoe (2005). Koguryŏsa yŏn'guŭi chemunje. Seoul: Paeksan charyowŏn. p. 204. ISBN 9788988435724. Retrieved 31 January 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Kim, Bushik (1145). Samguk Sagi. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) 助利知王之不悛, 退與羣臣, 謀廢之.
Bongsang of Goguryeo
 Died: 300
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Seocheon
King of Goguryeo
292–300
Succeeded by
Micheon