Jungcheon of Goguryeo

King Jungcheon of Goguryeo (224–270, r. 248–270)[1] was the 12th ruler of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea

Jungcheon of Goguryeo
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationJungcheon-wang or Jungyang-wang
McCune–ReischauerChungch'ŏn-wang or Chungyang-wang
Birth name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationGo Yeon-bul
McCune–ReischauerKo Yŏnbul

FamilyEdit

  • Father: King Dongcheon (동천왕, 東川王)
  • Consorts and their respective issue(s):
  1. Queen, of the Yeon clan (왕후 연씨, 王后 椽氏); born in Yeonnabu (연나부, 椽那部).
    1. Unnamed son
    2. Prince Yakro (약로, 藥盧; d. 292)
    3. Prince Dalga, the Lord of An (안국군 달가, 安國君 達賈; d. 292) – had a virtue appearance that made him killed by the jealous King Bongsang.
    4. Prince Ilu (일우, 逸友; d. 286) – killed by King Seocheon.
    5. Prince Sobal (소발, 素勃; d. 286) – killed by King Seocheon.
    6. Unknown princess – married Myeongrim Holdo (명림홀도, 明臨笏覩) from Yeonnabu in 256.
  2. Lady Gwanna (관나부인, 貫那夫人; d. 251); born in Gwannabu (관나부, 貫那部) and was executed – No issue.

Background and rise to the throneEdit

He was the son of King Dongcheon and was made heir to the throne in the 17th year of his father's reign. Upon his father's death in 248, Jungcheon followed him on the throne.[2]

ReignEdit

Deaths within the Royal familyEdit

In the 11th month of that year, Jungcheon's younger brothers Go Ye-mul, Go Sa-gu and others sought to betray him, but were caught and executed.[2]

He married Lady Yeon, probably from the Yeonna-bu region.[3] In 251, he came across a beautiful woman with nine-feet black hair from Gwanna region.[4] Needless to say, two wives of Jungcheon argued severely at all times, trying to fend off each other out of king’s eyesight. Eventually, Lady Gwanna was put to get drowned by angered king in the Yellow Sea.[1][2] Although Lady Gwanng had one son with Jungcheon, he never got an opportunity to be a crown prince and in 255, Yak-ro, a son with Lady Yeon got the seat in 255, later Seocheon of Goguryeo.[2]

War with the WeiEdit

In 259 at the king's 12th year of reign, the Cao Wei general Yuchi Kai (尉遲楷) invaded with his army. The king sent 5,000 cavalry to fight them in the Yangmaek region; the Wei forces were defeated and about 8,000 people slain.[5]

DeathEdit

In 270, the king died at the age of 46, and was buried in Jungcheonji-won.[2][6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Pyŏn, Wŏl-lim (2005). The lives of Korean women in history. Seoul: Iljisa Publishing House. p. 121. ISBN 9788931205602.
  2. ^ a b c d e "King Jungcheon". KBS Radio. KBS. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  3. ^ Kim, Bushik. "三國史記 卷第十七 髙句麗本紀 第五". Samguk Sagi (in Korean). Retrieved 31 January 2016. 冬十月, 立椽氏爲王后
  4. ^ Korea Quarterly Vol.5. Seoul: Kukche Haksurwŏn. 1963. p. 146. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  5. ^ Samguk sagi,"十二年,冬十二月,王畋于杜訥之谷。魏將尉遲楷[4]〈名犯長陵諱。〉將兵來伐。王簡精騎五千,戰於梁貊之谷,敗之,斬首八千餘級。"
  6. ^ Kim, Bushik. "三國史記 卷第十七 髙句麗本紀 第五". Samguk Sagi (in Korean). Retrieved 31 January 2016. 二十三年, 冬十月, 王薨. 葬於中川之原, 號曰中川王.
Jungcheon of Goguryeo
Born: 224 Died: 270
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Goguryeo
248–270
Succeeded by