Boen Tek Bio
Boen Tek Bio (Chinese: 文德廟, English: Temple of Literature and Virtue) is the oldest Chinese temple in Tangerang, Indonesia. It is located at the corner of Jalan Bhakti and Jalan Cilame in the heart of Pasar Lama, Tangerang's old market district.
Founded in 1684, Boen Tek Bio is an intrinsic part of the history of Tangerang, in particular the history of Chinese settlement in the area (see: Benteng Chinese). The oldest part of the present structure dates back to 1775. The temple underwent significant renovation in 1844 with its right and left wings added in 1875, and an inner courtyard in 1904.
Boen Tek Bio has a long history of association with the colonial Chinese bureaucracy ('Kapitan Cina') of Tangerang. The donors for the temple's burial grounds in 1878 include all of the sitting Chinese officers of Tangerang:
- Lim Tjong Hien, Kapitein der Chinezen
- Lim Mo Gie, Luitenant der Chinezen
- Oey Khe Tay, Luitenant der Chinezen
- Tan Tiang Po, Luitenant der Chinezen
The temple foundation received its official government charter on 6 January 1912.
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- Moerthiko (1980). Riwayat klenteng, vihara, lithang, tempat ibadat Tridharma se-Jawa (in Indonesian). Sekretariat Empeh Wong Kam Fu. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- "Klenteng Boen Tek Bio". Indonesia Kaya. Indonesia kaya. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- "West-Java. Tangeran OM EEN STUK GROND. Koopsom en schadeloosstelling". Het nieuws van den dag voor Nederlandsch-Indië. NV Mĳ tot Expl. van Dagbladen. 16 October 1939. Retrieved 20 October 2017.