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|Headquarters||Parsippany, New Jersey, US|
Feltham, Middlesex, UK
|Parent||Pinnacle Foods (US)|
Nomad Foods (Europe)
Simplot Australia Pty Ltd. (Australia)
History and productionEdit
The brand and its underlying business are held by different owners in various territories:
In the early 1900s, Clarence Frank Birdseye II of Montclair, New Jersey, US, conducted experiments and received patents for the development of greatly improved methods to freeze fish for commercial production. In 1922, he formed a company, Birdseye Seafood, Inc., to freeze fish fillets with chilled air at -45 °F (-43 °C). In 1924, he developed an entirely new process for commercially viable quick-freezing: packing fish in cartons, then freezing the contents between two refrigerated surfaces under pressure. Birdseye created a new company, General Seafood Corporation, to promote this method. In 1929, Birdseye sold his company and patents for $22 million to Goldman Sachs and the Postum Company, which eventually became General Foods Corporation, and which founded the Birds Eye Frozen Food Company. Birdseye continued to work with the company, further developing frozen food technology.
As part of General Foods, Birds Eye merged with Kraft Foods and Philip Morris USA to form the Altria Group. Birds Eye was sold to Dean Foods in 1993 and was independently owned by Birds Eye Foods of Rochester, New York until it was purchased by Pinnacle Foods in 2009.
In March 2010, Pinnacle announced it would be closing the Rochester headquarters and moving operations to New Jersey.
The company's staple product, the fish finger, was developed in 1955 at its factory in Great Yarmouth, by H A J Scott. One of the company's main UK pea processing sites is in Gipsyville, Hull; the company formerly operated a large pea processing factory in the same area, opened 1967, closed 2007. Birds Eye also operated a factory in Grimsby, founded 1929, closed 2005, with the loss of 650 jobs.
Australia and New ZealandEdit
The Birds Eye brand is owned by Simplot Australia Pty Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of the J.R. Simplot Company. Simplot purchased Birds Eye and many of Australia's leading food brands from Pacific Dunlop's Pacific Brands in the mid-1990s. Today, Birds Eye is Australia's leading frozen brand. Birds Eye products are produced at the company's processing facilities in Devonport and Ulverstone, Tasmania, and Bathurst, New South Wales, as well as from imported ingredients. Some seafood items are processed overseas and the completed product imported.
Unilever review, sale to PermiraEdit
On 9 February 2006, Unilever announced it was looking to sell the UK Birds Eye brand, as well as the European version – Iglo (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands and Portugal). These brands were worth £836M in sales, with profits of £115M a year, and employed 3,500 staff across Europe with 1,800 located in the UK.
Birds Eye has acquired many well-established brands, some of which are distributed regionally and not nationally. The following brands are owned and distributed by Birds Eye:
- Comstock Wilderness
- Snyder of Berlin, potato chip maker based near Berlin, Pennsylvania (which had been split off from pretzel manufacturer Snyder's of Hanover in Hanover, Pennsylvania in 1950)
- Tim's Cascade Snacks
Captain Birdseye (United Kingdom)Edit
In the United Kingdom, Captain Birdseye was an advertising mascot of the brand, from the 1960s to late 1990s. Appearing in numerous television and billboard commercials since 1967, he was played by the actor John Hewer between then and 1998 e.g. in 1986 advert for Birdsye Fish Fingers. After the retirement of the original actor, the brand was relaunched with a younger man with designer stubble (played by Thomas Pescod), but was less popular, and the character was dropped from Birdeye's advertising. A 2014 redesign of the brand's packaging includes artwork resembling the original Captain Bird's Eye.
Child actress Patsy Kensit appeared in an early 1970s advert for frozen peas. This featured a jingle including the slogan "Sweet as the moment when the pod went 'pop'" but as years went on they reverted to a jingle "Come Home To Birds Eye Country" – a series of adverts from the late 1960s to in or around the late 1980s to early 1990s.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, June Whitfield appeared in a series of television advertisements for Birds Eye products, featuring the concluding voice-over line: "... it can make a dishonest woman of you!". The series was the brainchild of advertising art director Vernon Howe and was mentioned in several of his obituaries.
Advertising campaigns of the 1980s included one for Potato waffles that had a jingle including the words Waffley versatile. A popular advertisement for Birds Eye Steakhouse Grills featured a scene of hungry building workers heading home in a minibus and singing about what they were hoping their partners would serve with their steak burgers. The song to the tune of Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be) included the tag line "we hope it's chips".
2013 meat adulteration scandalEdit
In 2013, DNA tests revealed that horsemeat was present in Birds Eye chili con carne that was sold in Belgium and was produced and supplied by a Belgian group named Frigilunch. As a result, Birds Eye withdrew all other products produced by the same supplier in the UK and Ireland.
- Ma, T. (2014). Professional Marketing and Advertising Essays and Assignments. 5. p. 3425.
- "New Jersey's Pinnacle Foods buys Birds Eye". NJ.com. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- "Birds Eye plans to close N.Y. headquarters after acquisition by N.J.-based Pinnacle Foods" NJ.com, March 2010
- "Birds Eye: a timeline and history". The Daily Telegraph. 4 July 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
- "From pod to pack: The journey of a humble Birds Eye pea", Hull Daily Mail, 16 August 2015, archived from the original on 22 August 2015, retrieved 16 August 2015
- Barkham, Patrick (12 January 2007), "'Buccaneers' blamed for Birds Eye closure", The Guardian
- "600 jobs to go at Birds Eye plant". BBC News. 7 October 2004. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
- "Birds Eye brands sold for £1.1bn" BBC News, 28 August 2006
- Birds Eye Foods: Brands Archived 12 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- "The Snyder of Berlin Story – Timeline". Snyder of Berlin. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "Captain Birdseye actor John Hewer dies". The Daily Telegraph. 19 March 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
- "Birds Eye unveils new logo and packaging". Packaging News. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- "UK television adverts 1955-1985". headington.org.uk. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- Welch, Nick (5 December 2003). "Vernon Howe". The Independent. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
- "Vernon Howe". Telegraph.co.uk. 8 December 2003. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- Steakhouse Grills Advert at Do you Remember. Retrieved 17 July 2014
- "Horsemeat scandal: Birds Eye withdraws UK ready meals". BBC News. 22 February 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2013.