Binn Chaonaigh

  (Redirected from BinnChaonaigh)

Binn Chaonaigh (Irish: Binn Chaonaigh, meaning "peak of the moss")[2] at 633 metres (2,077 ft), is the 185th–highest peak in Ireland on the Arderin scale,[3] and the 223rd–highest peak on the Vandeleur-Lynam scale.[4][5] Binn Chaonaigh is situated in the middle sector of the long north-west to south-east cental spine of the Maumturks mountain range in the Connemara National Park in Galway, Ireland. Binn Chaonaigh is the 4th highest mountain in the Maumturks range.[5][6]

Binn Chaonaigh
Binn Chaonaigh from summit of Binn Mhor.jpg
Binn Chaonaigh, as viewed from across the Máméan pass, on the north side of Binn Mhór
Highest point
Elevation633 m (2,077 ft) [1]
Prominence108 m (354 ft) [1]
ListingHewitt, Arderin, Simm, Vandeleur-Lynam
Coordinates53°30′10″N 9°39′29″W / 53.502739°N 9.657953°W / 53.502739; -9.657953Coordinates: 53°30′10″N 9°39′29″W / 53.502739°N 9.657953°W / 53.502739; -9.657953[1]
Naming
English translationpeak of the moss
Language of nameIrish
Geography
Binn Chaonaigh is located in island of Ireland
Binn Chaonaigh
Binn Chaonaigh
Location in Ireland
LocationGalway, Ireland
Parent rangeMaumturks
OSI/OSNI gridL9003751562
Topo mapOSi Discovery 37
Geology
Type of rockPale quartzites, grits, graphitic top bedrock[1]
Climbing
Easiest routeVia pass of Maumean

GeographyEdit

 
Binn Mhairg (l) and Binn Chaonaigh (r) from Binn idir an dá Log SE Top.

Binn Chaonaigh lies on a small massif between Binn idir an dá Log to the northwest, the highest peak in the range at 702 metres (2,303 ft), and the large mountain pass of Maumeen or Maumean (Irish: Máméan (meaning "pass of the birds"), that cuts deep across the southern sector of the Maumturks range.[6]

To the immediate northeast of Binn Chaonaigh, at the end of a long rocky spur, lies the subsidiary peak of Binn Mhairg (meaning "peak of woe") at 612 metres (2,008 ft); it has also been called "Slievenaroy".[2] Binn Mharig's prominence of 15 metres (49 ft) qualifies it as a Vandeleur-Lynam, however its location off the main central ridge of the Maumturks range, mean that it is a less frequented peak.[2][5]

On the southern side of the pass of Máméan, lies Binn Mhór, which at 661 metres (2,169 ft) is the 3rd-highest peak in the Maumturks range.[6]

Máméan PilgrimageEdit

 
Statue of Saint Patrick, Máméan

The pass of Máméan at the base of Binn Chaonaigh has been a site of Christian pilgrimage dedicated to Saint Patrick that goes back to the 5th-century, and before that date, to the pagan festivals of Lughnasadh.[7][8][9] The pilgrimage fell into disrepute in the 19th-century due to local faction-fighting and poitín drinking at the events, and by the mid-1900s had almost died out completely.[7][10] In 1979, Fr. Micheál MacGréil led the revival of the annual pilgrimage and development of the site.[8] A pilgrimage now takes place three times a year on Saint Patrick's Day, Good Friday, and the first Sunday in August.[7][10]

The site contains a holy well, a cleft in the rock dug into Binn Chaonaigh known as Saint Patrick's Bed (Irish: Leaba Phádraig) where the Saint reputedly slept, a circle of stones for the Stations of the Cross, and a Mass Rock (Irish: Carraig an Aifrinn), which was used during the 18th-century in penal times when Catholicism was outlawed in Ireland.[8] Fr. MacGréil oversaw the building of a small chapel (Irish: Cillín Phádraig) on the site in the 1980s,[8] and in 1986, sculpturer Cliodhna Cussen added a statue of Saint Patrick depicted as a shepherd with a sheep at his feet.[7][10]

The Irish folklorist and translator Máire MacNeill, chronicled various stories of Saint Patrick's arrival at Máméan in 441 AD, and his fights to banish the pagan deity of Crom Dubh, several of which involve Crom taking the form of a bull which ends up being drowned in the lake at Máméan.[9]

Hill walkingEdit

The most straightforward way summit Binn Chaonaigh is a 6-kilometre 2-3-hour round-trip via the pass of Maumean; however, because of its positioning on the high rocky central spine of the central Maumturk range, it is also summited in a longer 13-kilometre 5-6 hour loop-route starting at the col of Maumeen and climbing Binn Chaonaigh and then onto the top of Binn idir an dá Log, before descending via Maumahoge, and walking back to Maumeen.[6][11][12][13]

Binn Chaonaigh is also climbed as part of the Maamturks Challenge, a 25-kilometre 10–12 hour walk over the full Maumturks range (from Maam Cross to Leenaun), which is considered one of the "great classic ridge-walks of Ireland",[11] but of "extreme grade" due to the circa 7,600 feet of total ascent.[12]

Since 1975, the University College Galway Mountaineering Club, has run the annual "Maamturks Challenge Walk" (MCW),[14] and man a checkpoint on either side of Binn Chaonaigh; one at Maumeen, and another at Binn idir an dá Log (the summit of Binn idir dá Log marks 54% of MCW climbing completed).[15][16]

BibliographyEdit

  • Fairbairn, Helen (2014). Ireland's Best Walks: A Walking Guide. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848892118.
  • MountainViews Online Database (Simon Stewart) (2013). A Guide to Ireland's Mountain Summits: The Vandeleur-Lynams & the Arderins. Collins Books. ISBN 978-1-84889-164-7.
  • Paul Phelan (2011). Connemara & Mayo - A Walking Guide: Mountain, Coastal & Island Walks. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848891029.
  • Dillion, Paddy (2001). Connemara: Collins Rambler's guide. Harper Collins. ISBN 978-0002201216.
  • Dillion, Paddy (1993). The Mountains of Ireland: A Guide to Walking the Summits. Cicerone. ISBN 978-1852841102.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Binn Chaonaigh". MountainViews Online Database. Retrieved 1 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c Paul Tempan (February 2012). "Irish Hill and Mountain Names" (PDF). MountainViews.ie.
  3. ^ Simon Stewart (October 2018). "Arderins: Irish mountains of 500+m with a prominence of 30m". MountainViews Online Database.
  4. ^ Simon Stewart (October 2018). "Vandeleur-Lynams: Irish mountains of 600+m with a prominence of 15m". MountainViews Online Database.
  5. ^ a b c Mountainviews, (September 2013), "A Guide to Ireland's Mountain Summits: The Vandeleur-Lynams & the Arderins", Collins Books, Cork, ISBN 978-1-84889-164-7
  6. ^ a b c d Dillion, Paddy (2001). Connemara: Collins Rambler's guide. Harper Collins. ISBN 978-0002201216. Walk 16: Máméan and Binn Idir an Dá Log
  7. ^ a b c d Aoife O'Toole (7 November 2011). "Máméan Pilgrimage". National Museum of Ireland. High up the slopes of the Maum Turk Mountains in Connemara there is a natural passage-way known as Máméan (pass of the birds). At the summit of this rugged track you will find an ancient pilgrim site dedicated to St. Patrick.
  8. ^ a b c d Éanna Ó Caolla (5 August 2016). "Pilgrims head to Connemara hills for annual walk". Retrieved 2 August 2019. The site, which is also associated with the pagan Lughnasa Solstice festivals, features a holy well and a Mass Rock (Carraig an Aifrinn) which was used during the repressive penal times when isolated locations were used to host religious ceremonies. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ a b Tim Robinson (12 March 2015). "Mam Eán - A name that "speaks of the world's wonders"". Galway Advertiser. Retrieved 2 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ a b c Christopher Sommerville (17 October 2009). "Walk of the week: Mamean Connemara Co Galway". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ a b Fairbairn, Helen (2014). Ireland's Best Walks: A Walking Guide. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848892118. Retrieved 1 August 2019. Route 36: The Central Maumturks – South CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ a b Paul Phelan (2011). Connemara & Mayo - A Walking Guide: Mountain, Coastal & Island Walks. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848891029. Route 18: Maumeen to Mumahoge
  13. ^ Tony Doherty (18 January 2017). "Walk for the weekend: The Irish Kilimanjaro: Maumturks and Binn idir an da Log". Irish Times. Retrieved 2 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ "The Maumturks Challenge". University College Galway Mountaineering Club (UCGMC). Retrieved 1 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ Simon Stewart. "Maumturks Challenge Section 2: Maumeen to Mumahoge". MountainViews Online Database. Retrieved 2 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ "Maaumturks Challenge: The Route". University College Galway Mountaineering Club (UCGMC). Retrieved 2 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External linksEdit