Bickley, Western Australia

Bickley is a suburb located within the City of Kalamunda, in Perth, Western Australia.

Bickley
PerthWestern Australia
Bickley is located in Perth
Bickley
Bickley
Coordinates32°00′29″S 116°05′28″E / 32.008°S 116.091°E / -32.008; 116.091Coordinates: 32°00′29″S 116°05′28″E / 32.008°S 116.091°E / -32.008; 116.091
Population673 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)6076
LGA(s)City of Kalamunda
State electorate(s)Kalamunda
Federal Division(s)Pearce
Suburbs around Bickley:
Kalamunda Piesse Brook Hacketts Gully
Walliston Bickley Reservoir
Carmel Pickering Brook Pickering Brook

It is situated on the Darling Scarp and is known for the brook of the same name.[2]

Before 1949 it was a stopping place on the Upper Darling Range Railway. It was originally known as "Heidelburg" or "Heidelberg",[3][clarification needed] but during World War I, Western Australian Government Railways and Tramways renamed it "Bickley" after a local pioneer Wallace Bickley.[4]

It has been the site of holiday and other sorts of camps.[5]

The Seven Network and Australian Broadcasting Corporation's Perth Television transmission towers have been located there since the founding of television in Perth in 1959.[6][7]

Perth Observatory, originally situated in West Perth is also currently located in Bickley.[8]

It is also one of the major meteorological stations within the Perth Metropolitan Area due to its length of time of operation and location on the Darling Scarp.[9]

It is also the location of water reservoirs.[10][11]

ClimateEdit

Bickley has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa), like the rest of Perth. Bickley has one of the highest average annual rainfalls for the Perth metropolitan region, and it experiences cooler nights than the rest of Perth, meaning that Bickley has a microclimate.[12][13]

Climate data for Bickley
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.8
(107.2)
42.0
(107.6)
41.0
(105.8)
36.5
(97.7)
31.0
(87.8)
22.0
(71.6)
22.0
(71.6)
26.6
(79.9)
30.5
(86.9)
35.8
(96.4)
38.9
(102.0)
41.0
(105.8)
42.0
(107.6)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 38.9
(102.0)
38.3
(100.9)
36.8
(98.2)
31.2
(88.2)
25.8
(78.4)
20.9
(69.6)
19.5
(67.1)
21.5
(70.7)
24.8
(76.6)
30.8
(87.4)
34.6
(94.3)
37.8
(100.0)
39.9
(103.8)
Average high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
30.5
(86.9)
27.9
(82.2)
23.6
(74.5)
19.3
(66.7)
16.2
(61.2)
15.1
(59.2)
16.0
(60.8)
17.6
(63.7)
21.2
(70.2)
25.1
(77.2)
28.2
(82.8)
22.6
(72.7)
Average low °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
15.9
(60.6)
14.6
(58.3)
12.7
(54.9)
10.1
(50.2)
8.1
(46.6)
7.2
(45.0)
7.6
(45.7)
8.2
(46.8)
9.8
(49.6)
11.9
(53.4)
13.8
(56.8)
11.3
(52.3)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
10.3
(50.5)
8.9
(48.0)
7.4
(45.3)
5.5
(41.9)
3.9
(39.0)
3.0
(37.4)
3.2
(37.8)
3.5
(38.3)
4.9
(40.8)
7.0
(44.6)
8.4
(47.1)
2.4
(36.3)
Record low °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
8.0
(46.4)
5.0
(41.0)
4.4
(39.9)
3.0
(37.4)
2.4
(36.3)
1.0
(33.8)
1.0
(33.8)
1.0
(33.8)
3.0
(37.4)
4.0
(39.2)
5.0
(41.0)
1.0
(33.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 20.5
(0.81)
20.7
(0.81)
26.1
(1.03)
54.7
(2.15)
130.8
(5.15)
198.1
(7.80)
216.8
(8.54)
176.8
(6.96)
123.2
(4.85)
66.1
(2.60)
40.6
(1.60)
14.6
(0.57)
1,080.4
(42.54)
Average precipitation days 3.3 2.8 4.3 7.4 12.7 17.1 18.0 16.6 14.5 9.4 6.5 3.6 116.2
Average afternoon relative humidity (%) (at 15:00) 35 34 39 49 58 67 68 65 60 51 44 38 51
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[9][14][15]
Temperatures: 1994–2020; Rain data: 1969–2020; Relative humidity: 1994–2010

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Bickley (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 October 2019.  
  2. ^ Tian, Wee Heng; University of Western Australia. Faculty of Science (1963), Geology and petrology of the Bickley Brook area, retrieved 23 February 2015
  3. ^ "Heidelberg Estate". State Heritage Office. Government of Western Australia. 4 January 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  4. ^ Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of metropolitan suburb names – B". Retrieved 10 October 2008.
  5. ^ Cornish, Patrick; Western Australia. Dept. for Youth, Sport and Recreation (1985), The origins of Bickley Camp, Department for Youth, Sport and Recreation, retrieved 23 February 2015
  6. ^ http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/134908/20120911-1517/blog.televisionau.com/2009/04/celebrating-50-years-of-wa-tv1e76.html -mention of the Tuart Hill Studios and Bickley Transmission for Channel 7
  7. ^ http://ozdigitaltv.com/transmitters/WA/402-Bickley-Carmel-Walliston - current transmitters
  8. ^ "Contact Us". Perth Observatory. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Climate statistics for Australian locations – Bickley". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  10. ^ "LOWER BICKLEY BROOK RESERVOIR". Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954). Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 20 October 1921. p. 25. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  11. ^ Western Australia. Dept. of Water; Western Australia. Water Resources Division (2006), Bickley Reservoir catchment area drinking water source protection plan : integrated water supply system, Dept. of Water, retrieved 23 February 2015
  12. ^ Pascual Juanola, Marta. "The hidden tourism gems that could help keep WA's economy pumping". WA Today. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  13. ^ "A few things that may surprise you about the Bickley Valley!". Dvine Wine Tours. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  14. ^ "Monthly highest temperature – Bickley". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  15. ^ "Monthly lowest temperature – Bickley". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 July 2020.