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Biandrate (Piedmontese: Biandrà, Lombard: Biandraa) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Novara in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 70 kilometres (43 miles) northeast of Turin and about 12 km (7 mi) west of Novara.

Biandrate
Comune di Biandrate
Parish church.
Parish church.
Coat of arms of Biandrate
Coat of arms
Location of Biandrate
Biandrate is located in Italy
Biandrate
Biandrate
Location of Biandrate in Italy
Biandrate is located in Piedmont
Biandrate
Biandrate
Biandrate (Piedmont)
Coordinates: 45°27′N 8°28′E / 45.450°N 8.467°E / 45.450; 8.467Coordinates: 45°27′N 8°28′E / 45.450°N 8.467°E / 45.450; 8.467
CountryItaly
RegionPiedmont
ProvinceNovara (NO)
Government
 • MayorLuciano Pigat
Area
 • Total12.45 km2 (4.81 sq mi)
Elevation
160 m (520 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total1,298
 • Density100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
28061
Dialing code0321
Patron saintSt. Serenus of Marseille
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

Archaeological findings have proved that the area of Biandrate was already settled in Roman times, although no consensus exists about the existence of a Roman municipium here. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Biandrate regained importance only from the 10th century, when its counts held large territories in the area. In 1025, Count Vibertus, after expanding the family's lands around Vercelli and Val d'Ossola, obtained the title of Ivrea; such possessions were confirmed to his successor Guido II by Emperor Conrad II. His successor Alberto I took part in the First Crusade. In his age, Biandrate is mentioned as a free commune.

His successor Guido Guidone was named by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa as imperial commander of the area and of the Bishopric of Novara. He fought against Pavia but, after Barbarossa' defeat at the battle of Legnano, he was attacked by the Lombard League and Biandrate was destroyed. In 1232, the town was again razed to the ground by the counts of Novara. Later it was held by different families: (Visconti, Facino Cane, Sforza) after which it became part of the Duchy of Savoy.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

External linksEdit