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Beth Israel Congregation of Chester County

Beth Israel Congregation is a Conservative synagogue located at 385 Pottstown Pike (Route 100) in Upper Uwchlan Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania.[1] It was founded in Coatesville, Pennsylvania in 1904 as Kesher Israel by Eastern European immigrants, and formally chartered as "Beth Israel" in 1916.[4] It constructed its first building in 1923, and expanded it after World War II.[3]

Beth Israel
Religion
AffiliationConservative Judaism
LeadershipRabbi: Jon Cutler[1]
StatusActive
Location
Location385 Pottstown Pike (Route 100),
Upper Uwchlan Township, Chester County,
Pennsylvania,  United States
Geographic coordinates40°05′01″N 75°41′26″W / 40.083551°N 75.690474°W / 40.083551; -75.690474Coordinates: 40°05′01″N 75°41′26″W / 40.083551°N 75.690474°W / 40.083551; -75.690474
Architecture
Architect(s)Callori Architects[2]
Groundbreaking1994[3]
Completed1995[3]
Website
bethisraelpa.org

In 1979, Beth Israel became the first Conservative congregation to hire a woman (Linda Joy Holtzman) as a rabbi.[5] Holtzman served until 1985,[6] and was succeeded by Michael Charney and Jon Cutler.[7] The congregation purchased its current property in 1989, and completed its facility there in 1995.[3]

Contents

Early historyEdit

Beth Israel was founded in 1904 as Kesher Israel by Jewish immigrants to Coatesville, Pennsylvania from Eastern Europe. It established a Sunday school and purchased a cemetery in 1907, and was formally chartered as "Beth Israel" by the Chester County Court of Common Pleas in 1916.[4]

The congregation purchased land on Fifth Avenue and Harmony Street in Coatesville in 1923, and constructed a new synagogue building there,[3] completed in 1924.[8] After World War II, an extension to the building added a chapel/library and classrooms, and expanded the kitchen and social hall.[3]

Elihu Schagrin was rabbi from 1945 to 1953. Born in Wilmington, Delaware in 1918, he was ordained at the Reform Jewish Institute of Religion in 1946. During his tenure at Beth Israel he also served as chaplain of Coatesville's Veterans Hospital, and, from 1949 on, was president of the Greater Coatesville Inter-Racial Committee. In 1953 he moved to Temple Concord of Binghamton, New York.[9][10]

Linda HoltzmanEdit

In 1979, the congregation (which now numbered 110 families) hired Linda Joy Holtzman as rabbi.[11][12][13] She had been ordained that year by the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College, and was one of thirty applicants.[11][14] She was one of the first women in the United States to serve as the presiding rabbi of a synagogue.[15] She was the first woman to serve as a rabbi for a Conservative congregation, as the Conservative movement did not then ordain women.[5] The Reform and Reconstructionist movements had previously ordained at least ten women rabbis, but they all served as assistant rabbis, hospital chaplains, or directors of university campus Hillel organizations.[11][12] The New York Times described her hiring as "a marked breakthrough for the growing numbers of women who have faced obstacles in becoming a rabbi-in-charge", and quoted Holtzman as saying "the fact that I have an appointment in a small town and that they have entrusted me with functions they believe are important is very significant for women and for the Jewish community".[12] At the time, there were only 22 female rabbis in the entire world.[13]

Beth Israel hired the Reconstructionist-ordained Holtzman despite the fact that it was a Conservative synagogue.[5] The executive vice president of the Conservative Rabbinical Assembly, Rabbi Wolfe Kelman, described the appointment as "an historical breakthrough and simply fantastic", and felt that other synagogues would be encouraged to follow suit. At the time, the Rabbinical Assembly did not accept women as members, and the Conservative movement did not ordain its first woman rabbi—Amy Eilberg—until 1985.[11] The hiring of a non-Conservative rabbi in itself was not unusual, however; due in part to a shortage of Conservative rabbis, a fifth of all Conservative synagogues in the U.S. had non-Conservative rabbis in place.[12] While Holtzman believed in the tenets of the Reconstructionist movement, she said that members of the congregation could choose to follow either traditional or nontraditional ideas.[12]

Beth Israel's membership was 125 families by 1983, and the synagogue building also housed B'nai B'rith and Hadassah chapters.[8] Holtzman served at Beth Israel until 1985, when her contract was up for renegotiation.[16] She had been living in Philadelphia and commuting to Coatesville for several years; although she and her lesbian partner had had an open commitment ceremony in Philadelphia, she had not yet come out to her congregation (but despite living something of a double life, she had enjoyed her time with the synagogue and found it very rewarding).[16] Now she informed Beth Israel's board of directors that she and her partner were planning to have children and that she wanted co-parenting leave, and by her subsequent account, each board member privately indicated they were okay with this but that the other board members were not ready for such a development.[16] She left the synagogue and later that year became spiritual leader of Beth Ahavah, a LGBT congregation in Center City, Philadelphia.[6][17]

Events since 1985Edit

Holtzman was succeeded as rabbi in 1985 by Michael Charney. The son and grandson of rabbis, he was ordained at the Reform Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati, and served congregations in Clearwater, Florida and Bowie, Maryland before coming to Beth Israel.[7]

Jon Cutler became the rabbi of Beth Israel in 2015. A native of Philadelphia, earned a Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts from Temple University in Religious Studies. He earned a Master of Hebrew Letters and ordination as a Rabbi from the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College in Wyncote, Pa. He then earned his Doctor of Ministry (Counseling) from Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in New York. He previously served in congregations in Flemington, N.J. and Warrington, Pa.[7] Cutler also had a long career as a chaplain for the Navy and Marines. He retired with the rank of Captain in the Naval Reserve on April 30, 2017, 32 years to the day after his original commission.[18]

The congregation purchased its current property at 385 Pottstown Pike (Route 100) in Upper Uwchlan Township in 1989. Construction on a new synagogue building there began in 1994 and completed in 1995. Designed by Callori Architects, the 30,000-square-foot (2,800 m2) facility[2] houses a sanctuary, chapel/library, and school wing. Behind the school wing is a Holocaust memorial garden.[3]

A member of the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism,[1] it holds services Friday evenings, Shabbat mornings, and on Jewish holidays.[3]

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Beth Israel Congregation website. Accessed November 23, 2010.
    • Leadership, Beth Israel Congregation website. Accessed January 9, 2019.
    • Welcome, Beth Israel Congregation website. Accessed January 9, 2019.
  • Briggs, Kenneth A. "Only Female Presiding Rabbi in U.S. Begins Her Work in a Small Town", The New York Times, August 16, 1979.
  • Beth Israel Congregation, Callori Architects website. Accessed November 23, 2010.
  • Goldstein, Elyse. New Jewish feminism: Probing the Past, Forging the Future, Jewish Lights Publishing, 2009. ISBN 978-1-58023-359-0
  • Hasbany, Richard. Homosexuality and Religion, Routledge, 1989. ISBN 978-0-86656-909-5
  • Holtzman, Linda, "My Life as a Lesbian Rabbi", in Trachtenberg Alpert, Rebecca; Elwell, Ellen Sue Levi; Idelson, Shirley (eds.). Lesbian Rabbis: The First Generation. Rutgers University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8135-2916-5
  • "22 Women Now Ordained As Rabbis Most of Them Do Not Have Pulpits", JTA Archive, August 23, 1979.
  • Kaplan, Dana Evan. Contemporary American Judaism: Transformation and Renewal, Columbia University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-231-13728-7
  • "Woman to head synagogue is first for U.S. congregation", The Montreal Gazette (Associated Press), August 25, 1979.
  • Rosen, Oded. The Encyclopedia of Jewish Institutions: United States & Canada, Mosadot Publications, 1983.
  • Schneiderman, Harry; Carmin, Itzhak J. Who's Who in World Jewry, Pitman Publishing Corporation, 1955.
  • Schwartzman, Bryan. "She Loves What They Argue About at Mishkan", The Jewish Exponent, September 13, 2007.
  • Tenorio, Rich. "How a high-ranking gay Navy chaplain retired with pride", The Times of Israel, September 19, 2017.
  • Weiser, Marjorie P. K.; Arbeiter, Jean S. Womanlist, Atheneum, 1981, ISBN 978-0-689-11083-2
  • "Schagrin, Elihu", Who's Who in Religion, 1992–1993, Marquis Who's Who, 1992. ISBN 978-0-8379-1604-0

External linksEdit