Beth Hamedrash Hagodol Synagogue (Hartford, Connecticut)

Beth Hamedrash Hagodol Synagogue is an historic former Orthodox Jewish congregation and synagogue, located at 370 Garden Street, Hartford, Connecticut, in the United States.

Beth Hamedrash Hagodol Synagogue
The former synagogue, now church, in 2014
Ecclesiastical or organisational status
OwnershipGreater Refuge Church of Christ
  • Closed (as a synagogue);
  • Repurposed (as a church)
Location370 Garden Street, Hartford, Connecticut
CountryUnited States
Beth Hamedrash Hagodol Synagogue (Hartford, Connecticut) is located in Connecticut
Beth Hamedrash Hagodol Synagogue (Hartford, Connecticut)
Location of the former synagogue in Connecticut
Geographic coordinates41°46′44″N 72°41′6″W / 41.77889°N 72.68500°W / 41.77889; -72.68500
Architect(s)Berenson & Moses
StyleRomanesque Revival
Date established1905 (as a congregation)
Beth Hamedrash Hagodol Synagogue
Arealess than one acre
MPSHistoric Synagogues of Connecticut MPS
NRHP reference No.95000577
Added to NRHPMay 11, 1995

Founded in 1905, the congregation built the Romanesque Revival temple on Garden Street in 1921–22. The congregation merged with the Ateres Kneset Israel congregation in 1962 to form the United Synagogue of Greater Hartford, and moved to new quarters in West Hartford.

The congregation's building was vacated and during the 1980s converted into a Christian church, called the Greater Refuge Church of Christ. This former synagogue, now church, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1995 as part of a multiple property listing of fifteen historic synagogues in Connecticut.[2]

Architecture and history


The former Beth Hamedrash Hagodol building is located in Hartford's Clay-Arsenal neighborhood, on the east side of Garden Street north of Albany Avenue (United States Route 44). It is a brick building, two stories in height, with Romanesque styling. Its front facade has slightly projecting square corner towers, with paired narrow round-arch windows on each level. Stairs rise in between the towers to three entrances, each set in a rounded arch. On the second level above the entrances is a central circular window with Star of David tracery at its center, with flanking paired round-arch windows.[3]

The congregation was established in 1905 on Hartford's East Side, originally meeting in a space on Wooster Street. In 1921 it merged with Sharah Torah, another Orthodox congregation, and the combination built this synagogue in 1922 to be nearer the homes of its congregants. The building was designed by Julius Berenson and Jacob Moses, Jewish architects active in Hartford. It was the first of two synagogues they are known to have designed; the other was located on Greenfield Street. The congregation was again merged with other Orthodox congregations in the 1960s, which established the United Synagogue of Greater Hartford in West Hartford.[3]

The former Beth Hamedrash Hagodol synagogue building was one of fifteen Connecticut synagogues added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1995[1] and 1996 in response to an unprecedented multiple submission, nominating nineteen synagogues.[4][2]

This building is now owned by the Greater Refuge Church of Christ.

See also



  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ a b Ransom, David F. (March 29, 1995). "NRHP Registration Form Multiple Property Listing: Historic Synagogues of Connecticut". National Park Service. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
  3. ^ a b "NRHP nomination for Beth Hamedrash Hagodol Synagogue". National Park Service. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  4. ^ Charles, Eleanor (April 7, 1996). "In the Region/Connecticut: 15 Synagogues Gain National Landmark Status". New York Times. Retrieved July 31, 2010.