Bernard Marcel Parent (born April 3, 1945) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey goaltender who played 13 National Hockey League (NHL) seasons with the Philadelphia Flyers, Boston Bruins, and Toronto Maple Leafs, and also spent one season in the World Hockey Association (WHA) with the Philadelphia Blazers. Parent is widely acknowledged as one of the greatest goaltenders of all time. During the 1973–74 and 1974–75 seasons, in what many consider the finest consecutive seasons ever by a goaltender, the Flyers won two Stanley Cups and Parent won the Vezina Trophy and Conn Smythe Trophy both seasons. In that two-year run of dominance, Parent posted 30 shutouts in regular and post season play combined. A 1984 inductee into the Hockey Hall of Fame, Parent was rated number 63 on The Hockey News' list of The Top 100 NHL Players of All-Time in 1998. Parent remains an iconic fan favorite in Philadelphia more than three decades after his retirement. In 2017 Parent was named one of the '100 Greatest NHL Players' in history.
|Hockey Hall of Fame, 1984|
April 3, 1945|
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Height||5 ft 10 in (178 cm)|
|Weight||170 lb (77 kg; 12 st 2 lb)|
Toronto Maple Leafs
Parent is the youngest of seven siblings. He grew up in Rosemont, Quebec, a suburb of Montreal. Parent's hero as a young boy was Montreal Canadiens goalie Jacques Plante, whose sister lived in Parent's neighborhood. Many times Parent watched out for Plante's visits to his sister and her family. Plante later became his teammate and mentor in 1971 for the Toronto Maple Leafs, when Plante was 43.
As a Québécois, Parent's use of English was a never-ending source of locker room and bus trip humor, especially when he was excited. During his early playing career, Parent did not conduct interviews in English for fear of saying the wrong things.
Parent played for the Niagara Falls Flyers of the OHA Junior A league. A two-time winner of the Dave Pinkney Trophy (lowest goals-against average or GAA), he wrapped up his junior career on the team that won the OHA championship and the Memorial Cup championship in 1965.
Left unprotected for the 1967 NHL Expansion Draft, Parent was chosen by the Philadelphia Flyers where he and Doug Favell, another former Bruin prospect, split the netminding duties for the Flyers' first season. Parent recorded a 2.48 GAA with four shutouts and the Flyers finished first in the NHL's West Division. Over the next two seasons, with Favell performing inconsistently or injured, Parent became the Flyers' #1 goalie and appeared in 58 and 62 games for the Flyers achieving impressive Save Percentages of .925 and .921, although due to the weakness of the Flyers who allowed a lot of shots, his GAA and win totals were not nearly as impressive.
Looking for help up front to improve the club's offence, Philadelphia dealt Parent and a second-round pick in the 1971 NHL Amateur Draft (Rick Kehoe) to the Toronto Maple Leafs for Bruce Gamble and a first-round selection (Pierre Plante) in the same draft in a three-way transaction that also involved Boston on January 31, 1971. The Flyers acquired Rick MacLeish and Danny Schock from the Bruins who received Mike Walton from the Maple Leafs. The trade turned out to be a positive turn for Parent. In Toronto, Parent joined his boyhood hero, Jacques Plante, who at 42 was having an all-star season. Under Plante's tutelage, Parent became a more consistent and technically proficient goalie. Parent played well for the Leafs through the 1971–72 season, gaining valuable regular season and playoff experience.
Without a contract with the Leafs for the 1972–73 season, Parent signed a large contract with the Miami Screaming Eagles of the newly forming World Hockey Association. He was the first NHL player to jump to the new league. The Eagles did not materialize as planned, and Parent signed with the Philadelphia Blazers. Parent faced a barrage of shots in 63 regular-season games for the Blazers in the defensively weak league. After leaving the team over a contract dispute during the 1973 WHA playoffs, he sought a return to the NHL but did not wish to return to the Leafs. Toronto traded Parent's NHL rights back to the Flyers for Favell and a first-round pick in that summer's (1973) amateur draft.
The next two seasons were the greatest of his career and would see Parent record a combined 30 regular and post-season shutout victories. Hockey scribes have often cited Parent's play between 1973 and 1975 as some of the best ever by a goaltender. Playing 73 games in a 78-game schedule, Parent sparkled in leading the league with a 1.89 GAA, a .933 Save Percentage and 12 shutouts. He began the 1973–74 season with two shutouts besting Favell 2–0 in the season opener against Toronto in Philadelphia. He shared the Vezina Trophy with Chicago's Tony Esposito (as Philadelphia and Chicago tied as the teams allowing the fewest goals against in the regular season), was named the first-team all-star goaltender and finished second in the voting for the Hart Trophy as the league's Most Valuable Player (since 1963 the only goaltenders to win the Hart Trophy were Dominik Hašek in both 1996–97 and 1997–98, Jose Theodore in 2002, and Carey Price in 2015) as the Flyers skated to a first-place finish in the West Division. He won the Conn Smythe Trophy (playoff MVP) and the Flyers won the first of consecutive Stanley Cup Championships against the Boston Bruins. In the 6th and deciding game of the finals, Parent stopped a savage slapshot blast from Ken Hodge with a classic kick save move with less than 3 minutes to play on what turned out to be the Bruins' 30th and last shot. The spectacular save preserved the shutout and the championship-deciding win and became an often used highlight during advertising for NBC's coverage of the NHL the next season. The following year, he again posted 12 shutouts while having 2.03 GAA and a .918 Save Percentage. He won another Vezina Trophy, another first-team all-star selection and a second Conn Smythe Trophy and Stanley Cup while finishing fourth in the Hart Trophy voting. His 1975 playoff performance was even more impressive than the previous year as he had 4 shutouts (versus 2 the previous year) with a 1.89 GAA (versus 2.02). In both championship playoff runs, Parent shut out the opposition in the deciding sixth game of the Stanley Cup Finals defeating the Boston Bruins 1–0 in 1974 and the Buffalo Sabres 2–0 in 1975. "Only the Lord saves more than Bernie Parent" became a catch-phrase and bumper sticker in Philadelphia in those years.
As the Flyers prepared a run at the championship for a third consecutive year, Parent was sidelined by a pre-season neck injury requiring surgery and he appeared in only 11 games in 1975–76. Parent had pinched a nerve in his neck causing radiating pain. Doctors removed a disk and a section of bone hoping to alleviate the symptoms but Parent suffered from continued pain in his neck throughout the rest of his career. He returned to the lineup late in the season but he was inconsistent and could not regain the starting job from netminder Wayne Stephenson. Without Parent's Conn Smythe level performance that year, the Flyers fell in the Stanley Cup finals in four straight games to the Montreal Canadiens. Over the next three seasons, he experienced difficulties at times. Hockey was changing from a defense-oriented game to one that favored high scoring. Snipers like Mike Bossy, Guy Lafleur and Steve Shutt were becoming major stars and dominating play. Plante, although in retirement, continued to have a strong influence on Parent's career. Parent, like Plante, was a stand-up type goalie. At one point Parent was playing poorly and considering retirement. Plante watched him practice in Philadelphia for two days, then told Parent exactly what he was doing wrong: sitting back on his heels, backing into his crease and losing concentration. Parent heeded Plante's advice and returned to form. During the 1977–1978 season, he adopted the more confident, challenging style characteristic of his play during the Championship years posting a 2.22 GAA, a 0.912 save percentage and a league-leading 7 shutouts in 49 games. However, as the 1970s were drawing to a close, the era of the stand-up goaltender was coming to an end. The never-before-seen goal-scoring totals of the early 1980s eventually forced a revolution in goaltender style and play. The butterfly style of Patrick Roy became the dominant style and the stand-up style of Parent and Plante became a relic of the NHL past. Parent is considered by many to be the last great stand-up goaltender.
On February 17, 1979, Parent suffered a career-ending eye injury in a game against the New York Rangers. An errant stick entered the right eye hole of his mask, causing permanent damage to his vision. After hospitalization, including the complete loss of sight for two weeks, Parent recovered and eventually regained sight, although not at the level required to resume his playing career. He retired at age 34, an age considered to be "still in athletic prime" for goaltenders. This incident, as well as the ending of Gerry Desjardins' career when a puck struck his eye in 1977, led many NHL goalies to switch from fibreglass facemasks toward the cage and helmet style, and resulted in many amateur and junior leagues banning fibreglass masks altogether, mandating the helmet/cage combo.
After Parent's retirement the Flyers retired his jersey number (1) in his honor on October 11, 1979. He spent several years in the Flyers organization as goaltending coach, mentoring future Vezina-winning goalies Ron Hextall and the late Pelle Lindbergh, the latter of whom idolized Parent as a youngster in his native Sweden. Today, he is employed by the Flyers as Ambassador of Hockey. He can be seen at Flyers home games on the concourse.
In a 2007 interview with Philadelphia magazine, Parent sheepishly admitted he was watching the clock tick off the final seconds of the deciding game six against Boston in the 1974 Stanley Cup Finals and that he was not paying attention to play when Bobby Orr sent a desperation length of the ice shot toward the Flyers' goaltender. The puck went wide of the net with just 4 seconds to play. "If his shot is on net, it's a goal" Parent was quoted in the interview. The game was over seconds later and the Flyers had won their first of consecutive championships.
Parent remains one of the most popular and iconic Flyers from their two championship teams with hockey fans in Philadelphia. Chants of "Bernie...Bernie...Bernie" that rocked the Philadelphia Spectrum during the team's championship years still greet Parent when he is recognized at current Flyer's events.
Parent was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1984. In 1998, he was ranked number 63 on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players.
Parent has been a resident of Cherry Hill, New Jersey and had a shore house in Wildwood Crest, where he lived most of the years. For seven months of every year, he lives on his 45-foot yacht named The French Connection.
On December 7, 2011, Parent announced via Twitter that he would be playing in the 2012 NHL Winter Classic Alumni Game, to be held on December 31, 2011.[non-primary source needed] Parent started in goal for the Flyers, playing five minutes and letting in no goals on five shots including a breakaway by New York Rangers legend Ron Duguay. He was later named the first star of the game.
Awards and achievementsEdit
- Memorial Cup championship in 1965.
- Selected to the WHA Second All-Star Team in 1973.
- Selected to the NHL First All-Star Team in 1974 and 1975.
- Conn Smythe Trophy winner in 1974 and 1975.
- Vezina Trophy winner in 1974 and 1975.
- Stanley Cup championships in 1974 and 1975.
- Played in 1969, 1970, 1974, 1975, and 1977 NHL All-Star Games.
- Class Guy Award winner in 1979.
- His #1 was retired by the Philadelphia Flyers on October 11, 1979, the second jersey number the Flyers have retired.
- Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1984.
- In 1998, he was ranked number 63 on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players.
- Inducted into the Philadelphia Sports Hall of Fame in 2004.
- Favorite phrase: "It's a beautiful thing man!"
Parent has a book, written by Michele Paiva, Dean Smith and himself, "Journey Through Risk and Fear", published by Balletsa, Inc Publishing, which touches upon his trials and tribulations but mostly, how to overcome fear, face challenges, find purpose and obtain goals.
- Previously Bernie held the mark for most wins in a season (47), surpassed by New Jersey Devils goaltender Martin Brodeur during the 2006–07 season with 48 wins. His 47 win season in 1973–74 is still the record for most regulation time wins in a single season. Parent did not have the benefit of overtime or shootouts or a longer season in his era.
- Bernie was the fourth hockey player and third goalie to appear on the cover of Time magazine on February 24, 1975 (Lorne Chabot was first on February 11, 1935, and Dave Kerr on March 14, 1938, was the second).
Bolded numbers indicate league leader.
Regular season and playoffsEdit
|1963–64||Niagara Falls Flyers||OHA-Jr.||28||—||—||—||1680||80||4||2.86||—||4||0||4||240||26||0||6.50||—|
|1964–65||Niagara Falls Flyers||OHA-Jr.||34||—||—||—||2004||86||2||2.58||—||8||6||2||480||15||1||1.86||—|
|1964–65||Niagara Falls Flyers||M-Cup||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||13||10||2||700||19||2||1.63||—|
|1965–66||Oklahoma City Blazers||CPHL||3||1||1||1||180||11||0||3.67||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1966–67||Oklahoma City Blazers||CPHL||14||10||4||0||820||37||4||2.70||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1970–71||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||18||7||7||3||1040||46||0||2.65||.916||4||2||2||235||9||0||2.30||.922|
|1971–72||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||47||17||18||9||2715||116||3||2.56||.914||4||1||3||243||13||0||3.21||.912|
* Stanley Cup Champion.
"Parent's stats". The Goaltender Home Page. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
- Boyle, Chris (October 24, 2014). "Stats say the greatest NHL goalie is… ?". Retrieved June 15, 2016.
- Jackson, Jim. Walking Together Forever: The Broad Street Bullies, Then and Now. Sports Publishing L.L.C. p. 37.
- Dryden, Steve (1998). The Top 100 NHL Players of All-Time.
- "100 Greatest NHL Players". National Hockey League. January 27, 2017. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- NHL (March 22, 2017), Bernie Parent backstopped Flyers to back-to-back Cups, retrieved April 25, 2017
- Bernie Parent: 100 Greatest NHL Players
- O'Hara, Dave. "Mike Walton Traded to Bruins," The Associated Press, Monday, February 1, 1971.
- "Parent surgery a success". news.google.com. Boca Raton News. October 22, 1975. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
- "Parent's eye injury forces his retirement". Lakeland Ledger. Associated Press. June 1, 1979. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
- Rys, Richard (November 20, 2007). "Legends: Bernie Parent Has a Secret". Philadelphia. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
- Fitzgerald, Barbara; Strauss, Robert (April 13, 2003). "Worth Noting; And a Team in Pennsauken Loses Its Owner". The New York Times. Retrieved February 18, 2008.
Mr. Parent, who lives in Cherry Hill, is a marketing account executive in the insurance division at Commerce and has long been an investor in the team.
- Brooks, Melissa (September 5, 2010). "Hall of Famer Bernie Parent's locker a GNPAL raffle prize". The Times Herald: Pennsylvania. Retrieved October 31, 2015. "When retrieving his locker from the Spectrum with business manager and friend Dean Smith, Parent, who lives in Wildwood Crest most of the year, was hit with emotions."
- Parent, Bernie. "Bernie Parent, Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
- "Flyers History - NHL Records Held/Shared By Flyers". www.flyershistory.net. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to Bernie Parent.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bernie Parent.|
- Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database
- "Courage and Fear in a Vortex of Violence". Time. February 24, 1975.
- Flyers Heroes of the Past: Bernie Parent (Part 1) at Philadelphiaflyers.com
- Flyers Heroes of the Past: Bernie Parent (Part 2) at Philadelphiaflyers.com
|Preceded by|| Winner of the Conn Smythe Trophy
|Preceded by|| Winner of the Vezina Trophy
tied with Tony Esposito (1974)
|Preceded by|| Winner of the Class Guy Award