Bernard Eugene Custis (September 23, 1928 – February 23, 2017) was an American and Canadian football player who went on to a distinguished coaching career. He is known for having been the first black professional quarterback in the modern era and first in professional Canadian football, starting for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats in 1951.
|Born:||September 23, 1928|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died:||February 23, 2017 (aged 88)|
|High school||John Bartram High School|
|1958||Tip Tops (Jr)|
|1959||East York Argonaught (Jr)|
|1960–63||Oakville Black Knights (Jr)|
|1964–72||Burlington Braves (Jr)|
|1955–56||Ottawa Rough Riders|
In 2019, Bernie Custis Secondary School officially opened in Hamilton, Ontario. The school is located adjacent to Tim Hortons Field (and formerly Ivor Wynne Stadium), home site of the Tiger-Cats and Bernie's first professional games.
College playing careerEdit
Custis was a star quarterback at Syracuse University in 1948, 1949 and 1950, setting numerous Syracuse records that would last for decades. Custis was recruited by Coach Reaves Baysinger, who was replaced by Ben Schwartzwalder after a 1–8 season. He played the first two seasons of the Coach Schwartzwalder's 25-year tenure at Syracuse. The team went 4–5 in 1949 and 5–5 in 1950.
Custis was awarded the Syracuse Football team's Most Valuable Player trophy for the 1948 season.
Syracuse passing statisticsEdit
Professional playing careerEdit
National Football LeagueEdit
He was drafted in the eleventh round of the 1951 NFL draft by the Cleveland Browns. As the Browns already had eventual Pro Football Hall of Famer Otto Graham as their starting quarterback at the time, Custis stood no chance of becoming a starting quarterback (the NFL, although it had recently begun accepting black players again, had also not had a black quarterback in three decades), and the Browns offered Custis a chance to play safety instead. When Custis refused, the Browns then offered to release him, on the condition that he would not play for another NFL team.
Custis chose to sign with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats in the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union (IRFU), the league that would form the eastern division of the Canadian Football League in 1958. Custis played during Canadian football's transition to its modern era, which apart from the official founding of the CFL is generally regarded as having been completed by 1954 or 1955.
Custis started at quarterback for Hamilton in 1951, becoming the first black player to play quarterback in Canadian professional football. He started every game for Hamilton in 1951, in both the regular season and playoffs, which finished with a 7–5 record. They won their first-round playoff game 24–7 over Toronto in Toronto. They lost in the Eastern finals to Ottawa 9 to 11 in front of a sell-out crowd of over 17,000 at Hamilton Civic Stadium. Custis was named to the IRFU All Star team as a quarterback in 1951.
Despite being an All-Star at quarterback, he was switched to running back in 1952, where he was also a successful player. The 1952 Tiger-Cats had an outstanding regular season, finishing 9–2–1, but lost in the playoff finals to Toronto 7–12.
After the end of his professional career, he stayed in Canada and began a career as a teacher and elementary school principal. At the same time, he coached junior level football, most notably with the Oakville Black Knights and Burlington Braves of the Canadian Junior Football League (CJFL). At Burlington, he coached future Canadian Football Hall of Fame player Tony Gabriel.
In 1981, he accepted the head coach position at McMaster University. In his second year with the Marauders, he improved the team's standing from seventh to first place. Over eight seasons he led the Marauders to a 31–23–1 record. He was named the OUAA Coach of the Year in 1982 and 1984 and was named CIAU Coach of the Year in 1982. He was inducted into the McMaster Athletic Hall of Fame in 2000.
Highlights and honorsEdit
As a playerEdit
- IRFU (Canadian League) All Star 1951 as Quarterback
- IRFU (Canadian League) All Star 1954 as Running Back
- 1953 Grey Cup Winners (Canadian Football Championship)
- Syracuse University Athletic Hall of Fame (1977 Inductee)
As a coachEdit
- Note: Fritz Pollard is credited by some as being the first African-American quarterback in pro football. In 1923 Pollard took several direct snaps from the center in an NFL game for the Hammond Pros.
- "Hamilton school to be named after Bernie Custis, pro football's 1st black starting QB". CBC News. September 18, 2018. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
- John Bartram High School
- Bucholtz, Andrew (August 23, 2011). "Trailblazing quarterback Bernie Custis deserves more recognition - 55 Yard Line - CFL Blog - Yahoo! Sports". Ca.sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "1948 Syracuse Orange Schedule and Results | College Football at". Sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "1949 Syracuse Orange Schedule and Results | College Football at". Sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "1950 Syracuse Orange Schedule and Results | College Football at". Sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Syracuse University Athletics - OFFENSIVE SEASON-BY-SEASON LEADERS". Suathletics.syr.edu. January 9, 2011. Archived from the original on December 23, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- jpb531 (August 13, 2011). "Syracuse QB Bernie Custis Honored For Breaking Color Barrier - Troy Nunes Is An Absolute Magician". Nunesmagician.com. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Trailblazing quarterback Bernie Custis deserves more recognition". Bernie Curtis.
- "Bernie Custis". Canadian Football Hall Of Fame. Retrieved 2011-08-28.
- "Hall of Fame Sheridan College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, Oakville, Brampton, Mississauga". Sheridancollege.ca. Archived from the original on December 12, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "McMaster - McMaster Hall of Fame". Marauders.ca. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- Bernie Custis at cfhof.ca