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Bernard Vonnegut (August 29, 1914 – April 25, 1997) was an American atmospheric scientist credited with discovering that silver iodide could be used effectively in cloud seeding to produce snow and rain. He was the older brother of American novelist Kurt Vonnegut.

Bernard Vonnegut
Born August 29, 1914
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Died April 25, 1997(1997-04-25) (aged 82)
Albany, New York, US
Alma mater MIT (B.S., 1936; Ph.D., 1939)
Known for atmospheric chemistry, cloud seeding, atmospheric electricity and lightning
Scientific career
Fields Atmospheric sciences, chemical engineering
Institutions General Electric Research Laboratory, SUNY-Albany

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Vonnegut was born in Indianapolis, Indiana to architect Kurt Vonnegut Sr (November 24, 1884 – October 1, 1957), partner in the firm of Vonnegut, Wright & Yeager, and homemaker Edith Sophia Lieber (d. May 14, 1944). He was named after his grandfather, architect Bernard Vonnegut Sr, co-founder of the firm of Vonnegut & Bohn. He attended Park School (Indianapolis, Indiana) and earned a B.S. in chemistry (1936) and Ph.D. in physical chemistry (1939) from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[1]

Professional careerEdit

In 1945, Vonnegut went to work at the General Electric Research Laboratory in Schenectady, New York. It was there, on November 14, 1946, that he discovered that silver iodide could be used as a nucleating agent to seed clouds. Seeding clouds involves inserting large quantities of a nucleating agent into clouds to facilitate the formation of ice crystals. The intent of this process is to cause the clouds to produce rain or snow. Rain- and snow-making companies still use silver iodide as a nucleating agent in seeding clouds.

Vonnegut left General Electric in 1952 and went to work at Arthur D. Little, Inc. In 1967, Vonnegut became a professor of atmospheric sciences at the University at Albany, The State University of New York. He was named a professor emeritus upon his retirement in 1985.[2]

Vonnegut accumulated 28 patents during his career.[2]

He was awarded an Ig Nobel Prize in 1997 for his paper "Chicken Plucking as Measure of Tornado Wind Speed." [3]

Personal lifeEdit

He was married to Lois Bowler Vonnegut,[4] who died in 1972, and had five sons.[5]

He died of cancer on April 25, 1997, at St. Peter's Hospital in Albany, New York.[5]

His brother, Kurt Vonnegut, alluded to Bernard's work in some of his works, most famously in Cat's Cradle.[6][7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Biographical on Kurt Vonnegut, Sr." Archived 2011-04-11 at the Wayback Machine. Lake Maxinkuckee Its Intrigue History & Genealogy; Culver, Marshall, Indiana
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2004-11-04. Retrieved 2004-11-24. 
  3. ^ http://www.improbable.com/ig/winners/#ig1997
  4. ^ Shields, Charles (2011). And So It Goes: Kurt Vonnegut: A Life. Macmillan. p. 93. ISBN 9781429973793. 
  5. ^ a b Saxon, Wolfgang (27 April 1997). "Bernard Vonnegut, 82, Physicist Who Coaxed Rain From the Sky". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-30. Retrieved 2013-08-02. 
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-25. Retrieved 2013-08-02. 

External linksEdit