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Berkeley Square in 1830.
Berkeley Square, 2005
Berkeley Square, 2007
Berkeley Square

Berkeley Square /ˈbɑːrkl/ is a town square in Mayfair in the West End of London, in the City of Westminster. It was originally laid out in the mid 18th century by architect William Kent.

The gardens in the centre are open to the public, and their very large London Plane trees are among the oldest in central London, planted in 1789.

Contents

DescriptionEdit

Whilst Berkeley Square was originally a mostly residential area, there now remains only one residential block on the square – number 48. The square is mostly offices, including a number of hedge funds and wealth management businesses.

The square features a sculptural fountain by Alexander Munro, a Pre-Raphaelite sculptor, made in 1865. On the eastern side is a bronze sculpture of Velasquez' Reina Mariana by Manolo Valdes.

The buildings around the square include several by other notable architects including Robert Adam, who designed Lansdowne House (since 1935 home of the Lansdowne Club) in the southwest corner of the square on Fitzmaurice Place. The daring staircase-hall of No. 44 is sometimes considered William Kent's masterpiece.[1] Gunter's Tea Shop, founded under a different name in 1757, used to be located here.

50 Berkeley Square is allegedly haunted; it used to be occupied by Maggs Brothers Antiquarian Booksellers.[2]

There are a number of streets leading off the square including Berkeley Street, Curzon Street, and Hill Street. The gardens of Berkeley Square are Grade II listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[3]

In 2008, one of the square's trees was calculated to be the "most valuable street tree in Britain" by London Tree Officers Association, in terms of its size, health, historical significance and the number of people who live near to it.[4]

HistoryEdit

The square is something of an accident. In 1696, Berkeley House on Piccadilly became Devonshire House when John Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley of Stratton, sold it to William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire. As part of the agreement, Lord Berkeley undertook not to build on that part of the land he retained that lay directly behind the house, so keeping the Duke's view.

This agreement was continued when the Berkeley land was developed after 1730, and the gardens of Berkeley Square are the termination of that undeveloped strip; to the south the gardens of Lansdowne House were originally also part of it;[5] they were replaced by the current south side of the square.

Famous residentsEdit

Residents of Berkeley Square have included:

Famous former owners or residents of Lansdowne House include:

Fictional residentsEdit

TransportEdit

Berkeley Square can be easily reached from Green Park Underground station on the Piccadilly, Jubilee and Victoria lines, and Bond Street Underground station on the Central and Jubilee lines. London Buses route 22 also passes through the square.

Berkeley Square is also one of the most popular locations for the Elektrobay charging points supplied by Elektromotive, with requests for additional charging points to be installed.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sykes, 104–111
  2. ^ walksoflondon.co.uk—50 Berkeley Square, The Most Haunted House In London, accessed 2008-02-08.
  3. ^ Historic England, "Berkeley Square (1000516)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 22 March 2018
  4. ^ https://www.standard.co.uk/news/plane-lovely-the-most-valuable-tree-is-identified-in-berkeley-square-6678976.html
  5. ^ 'Berkeley Square, North Side,' in Survey of London: Volume 40, the Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 2 (The Buildings), ed. F H W Sheppard (London: London County Council, 1980), 64–67, accessed November 21, 2015, online
Sources
  • "Berkeley Square, North Side", Survey of London: volume 40: The Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 2 (The Buildings) (1980) at British History Online (date accessed 5 July 2009)
  • "Berkeley Square and its neighbourhood", Old and New London: Volume 4 (1878) at British History Online (date accessed 5 July 2009)
  • Sykes, Christopher Simon. Private Palaces: Life in the Great London Houses, Chatto & Windus, 1985

External linksEdit