Beresteiska (Kyiv Metro)

Beresteiska (Ukrainian: Берестейська, (listen)) is a station on Kyiv Metro's Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line. The station was opened in 1971 as part of the second stage of the Sviatoshynsky radius.

Beresteiska
KyivMetroLogo.png Kyiv Metro station
Beresteyska metro station Kiev 2010 01.jpg
The Station Hall
General information
LocationShevchenkivskyi District
Kyiv
Ukraine
Coordinates50°27′31″N 30°25′11″E / 50.45861°N 30.41972°E / 50.45861; 30.41972Coordinates: 50°27′31″N 30°25′11″E / 50.45861°N 30.41972°E / 50.45861; 30.41972
Owned byKyiv Metro
Line(s)Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line
Platforms1
Tracks2
Construction
Structure typeunderground
Depth11 m (36 ft)
Platform levels1
Other information
Station code114
History
Opened5 November 1971
ElectrifiedYes
Previous namesZhovtneva
Services
Preceding station Kyiv Metro logo.svg Kyiv Metro Following station
Nyvky Sviatoshynsko–Brovarska line Shuliavska
towards Lisova

The station is located under the junction between the Peremohy (Victory) avenue and the Mykoly Vasylenka/Dehtiarivska streets, and having only one vestibule which is interlinked with subways allowing access to both sides of the intersection. The station, along with its two other neighbours on the same stage, was the first in Kyiv to be a shallow level design built by a cut and cover method, and the first to show the common pillar-trispan design.

Although pillar-trispans, were not new in Soviet Metro construction technology, most of the ones built prior to these stations, particularly in Moscow with the layout of two rows of 40 pillars (resulting in the popular colloquial name sorokonozhka (centipede)), were criticised for their lack of any decorative innovation and originality, hence the almost identical appearances. Kyiv's first centepeds were built and opened when the official policy on aestatic design in Soviet architecture was removed, and as a result the stations are all different and each has its own distinct image.

Beresteiska's design (architects B.Priymak, I.Maslenkov, V.Bohdanovsky and T.Tselikovska.) originates from its former name Zhovtneva (Ukr: Жовтнева), which translated means October station, or in honour of the October Revolution. Its decoration consists of pillars faced with reflective metallic sheets, orange and black rows of ceramic tiles on the walls and red granite for the floor. Lighting is done by fluorescent tubes on the top of the pillars for the platform, and large circular niches on the ceiling of the central span with ten spiraling fluorescent tubes inside them.

The far end of the central platform has a large wall faced with pink marble that originally held a bronze bas-relief of Vladimir Lenin (work of sculptor B.Karlovsky), but this was removed in the early 1990s leaving an empty space that is now often occupied by advertisements. This influenced the architectural theme of the station which lost its key decoration. Prior to Russian language becoming official in the Metro during the 1980s, Russian press and media referred to this station as Zhovtnevaya (Rus: Жовтневая) instead of its standard translation - Oktyabrskaya (Rus:Октябрьская).

Because the current name relates to Brest, Belarus voters chose to rename the station Buchanskaya[1] - referring to the Bucha massacre; other choices included Irpenskaya[2] and Palianytsia[3] - in a poll taken during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kyiv selects new names for Soviet-linked metro stations". BBC. 2022-05-10. Retrieved 2022-05-10.
  2. ^ BlogH1 (2022-05-02). ""Buchanskaya" and "Heroes of Mariupol": the first proposals for renaming metro stations in Kyiv appeared". Retrieved 2022-05-10.
  3. ^ Valentina Romanenko (2022-05-02). ""Борщ", "Реактивные гуси", "Имени Магистра Йоды": как киевляне предлагали переименовать станции метро" (in Russian). Ukrayinska Pravda. Retrieved 2022-05-10.
  4. ^ (in Ukrainian) From the dismantled in the Kyiv subway communist symbols will be created a museum, Zerkalo Nedeli (8 May 2016)

External linksEdit