The Sviatoshynsko–Brovarska line (Ukrainian: Святошинсько-Броварська лінія) is the first line of the Kyiv Metro, dating back to 1960. It includes some of the system's more historically significant stations, like Arsenalna, which at 105.5 meters is the deepest in the world and the next station Dnipro, which although the tunnel follows a descent, appears above ground level.
|Opened||6 November 1960|
|Line length||22.64 km (14.07 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,520 mm (4 ft 11+27⁄32 in)|
|Electrification||750 V DC (third rail)|
All of the stations on the eastern bank of the Dnieper river are either ground or above ground level, this attributed to a similar experiment like Moscow's Filyovskaya line. Here the warmer Ukrainian climate prevented the stations there from being severely deteriorated, which was why extensions in 1968 and 1979 were kept from going underground. The five original stations are extremely beautiful in architecture and decoration as they managed to survive Nikita Khrushchev's struggle with decorative "extras".
The Svyatoshynsko–Brovarska line cuts Kyiv on an east–west axis and presently comprises 18 stations. It is usually coloured red on the maps.
|Vokzalna–Dnipro||November 6, 1960||5.24 km|
|Vokzalna–Shuliavska||November 5, 1963||3.24 km|
|Dnipro–Darnytsia||November 5, 1965||4.15 km|
|Darnytsia–Chernihivska||November 4, 1968||1.32 km|
|Shuliavska–Sviatoshyn||November 5, 1971||4.23 km|
|Chernihivska–Lisova||December 5, 1979||1.22 km|
|Teatralna||November 6, 1987||N/A|
|Sviatoshyn–Akademmistechko||May 24, 2003||3.25 km|
|Total:||18 stations||22.64 km|
- Politekhnichnyi Instytut
- Teatralna → Zoloti Vorota
- Khreshchatyk → Maidan Nezalezhnosti
Traditional Soviet metro planning stipulated the creation of the first line, which would at some point in the future be expanded and crossed by future planned lines. Specifically, the Sviatoshynsko–Brovarska line has two transfer stations, although a couple more are planned for connection to future perspective lines of the metro system:
The line is served by the Darnytsia depot (No. 1) although before 1965, a converted tram depot located under the Dnipro station was used, after the completion of the Metro Bridge, the depot was dismantled. Currently 28 five-carriage train sets are assigned to the line. Most of them are type E, Ezh, Ezh1, Em-501 and Ema-502 built during the late 1960s and the early 1970s. The line was once served by carriages of type D, which were later given to Saint Petersburg metro. In 2014, some of the trains were refurbished and converted into type 81-7080/7081 or E-KM, with new engines, interior and exterior.
Since the line has the oldest stations in the system, some show heavy marks from nearly half a century of exploitation and need for renovations. This includes replacement of escalators, lighting and in some cases the decoration. In particular, this concerns the surface stations which are exposed to weather elements. One of the which is Darnytsia which in the future is to become an important transfer station for three lines, has recently undergone a complete reconstruction, with an addition of a new western entrance.
This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)
- Kyiv Metro Subway celebrates 58th anniversary on Nov 6, UNIAN (6 November 2018)
- "Arsenalna". Kyiv Metropoliten (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 14 April 2014.
- "Sviatoshynsko–Brovarska line: Chronology of construction". Kyiv Metropoliten (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 14 April 2014.