Ben Gardane or Bengardane (Tunisian Arabic: بنڤردان or بن ڤردان, Bin Guirdan; French: Benguerdene) is a commune and coastal town in south eastern Tunisia, close to the border with Libya. It is located at around .
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Ruring World War II Ben Gardane Airfield was used by the 57th Fighter Group, which flew P-40 Warhawks from the airfield between 9–21 March 1943 during the British Eighth Army's advance into Tunisia from Libya, to which the 57th was attached. It was also used to land Spitfires from the No. 601 Squadron RAF.
The town belongs to the governorate of Medenine. Located 423 km - 559 km by road - from Tunis, it is the city furthest from the capital.
It is the last major city in the governorate of Medenine with total population estimated at 79,912 inhabitants in 2014. It is located 32 kilometers from the Tunisian-Libyan border.
It is best known both in Tunisia and Libya as a trade road and an open exchange market. Tunisians take advantage of the availability and variety of the goods existing in the shops. The great amount of these goods are basically imported from Libya and deemed less expensive.
It is distinguished for its large population of dromedaries estimated at 15,000 head. An annual festival devoted to them during the month of June.
According to The Washington Post, "hundreds of young men have left Ben Guerdane over the past three decades to wage jihad in Iraq, Afghanistan and Bosnia, radicalized in part by a repressive regime that persecuted Islamists".
Population and tribal diversityEdit
There is a mixture of Berbers and Arabs, who from the Twazin tribal alliance which took place centuries ago as a tribal defense shield against the invasion, especially from the east towards Libya. There is no historical record as to the date of the establishment of this alliance but the inhabitants of Bengardane still have this bond and are said to be proud of the alliance. Beside the Twazin, there are other large tribes such as Jelidat, Rabai'a which have participated in shaping the heritage, culture and way of life in Bengardane .
- Raghavan, Sudarsan (13 May 2016). "Islamic State, growing stronger in Libya, sets its sights on fragile neighbor Tunisia". The New York Times. BEN GUERDANE, Tunisia. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
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