Beijing Daily (Chinese: 北京日报; pinyin: Běijīng rìbào) is the official newspaper of the CPC Beijing Municipal Committee. Founded on October 1, 1952, it has since 2000 been owned by the Beijing Daily Group, which also runs eight other newspapers. It has a circulation of about 400,000 per day, making it one of the most widely circulated newspapers in the city.
Cover of Beijing Daily on 1 October 1952
|Owner(s)||Beijing Daily Group|
|Founded||October 1, 1952|
|Headquarters||Dongcheng District, Beijing|
When the People's Liberation Army occupied Beijing, the organ of the Beijing Party Committee was Beiping Jiefang Bao (Beiping Liberation News), but this soon ceased publication because many journalists had to move southward with the army. The committee felt it was necessary to create a new party newspaper, so preparatory work started in March 1951. In 1952, Fan Jin came from Tianjin, and was appointed as the director of the Beijing Daily preparatory group. On October 1 of the same year, publication of Beijing Daily started.
The paper's header was inscribed by Mao Zedong. The Inaugural Issue was drafted by Liao Mosha, then Head of the Publicity Department of the CPC Beijing Committee, and edited by Mayor Peng Zhen. When its publication started, it lacked articles to receive, many contents were identical to those in People's Daily. At a conference held on October 16, Peng Zhen advocated to publish shorter and more local articles. Shortly afterwards, a labor strike broke out, Beijing Daily fought a successful propaganda campaign. From then, the newspaper became popular among workers in Beijing.
From 1963 to 1966, the newspaper did not cooperate with the Gang of Four. It refused to reprint Yao Wenyuan's criticism of Hai Rui Dismissed from Office. For that reason it was criticized as an "anti-party instrument" by the Guangming Daily and People's Liberation Army Daily on May 8, 1966.:150 Then CPC Central Committee North China Bureau sent a work group to the newspaper office, reorganized the editorial board. On September 3, 1966, it was forced to cease publication. On March 17, 1967, the headquarters of PLA Beijing garrison declared military control of the newspaper office, many staff members were criticized and denounced. In April of the same year its publication resumed.:151 During the Cultural Revolution, Beijing Daily, along with other local newspapers, followed the leftist policy of Mao, made propaganda reports on "typical paths" of socialist construction.:208–211
In the following years, the Military Control Commission, Military Propaganda Team, Labour's Propaganda Team were removed. In August 1972, a new leading board was formed. After 1976, they began to deal with the remaining problems of Cultural Revolution.:151 On January 1, 1991, laser typesetting system was first introduced. In January 2001, they built a new printing center, the main factory building has an area of 30000 square meters. In October 2012, a new news editing center of 40000 square meters architectural area was built.
The newspaper is now published in 16 pages. It reports on international, domestic and local news as well as economy, society, culture and sports in Beijing. There are 4 special issues, 6 supplements published every week. Each page contains 10 to 30 reports. Sometimes they use magnified photographs, lines, entoilages and lace to increase beauty grade.
In 1958, the daily continually published more than 10 editorials on mechanization and semi-mechanization. The same year, a special column "Thought Discussion" was created (inspired by China Youth Daily), and attracted many manuscripts received from the folks. Liu Shaoqi once participated in a discussion on "Should the communists have individual voluntary?", his words was sorted out in an article published by Beijing Daily. In the atmosphere of Great Leap Forward, it also falsely reported many cases of ever-higher grain production. For example, there was a report stating that a production brigade could raise the rice yield to 5000 - 6000 jin per mu. In 1961, the newspaper office and the department of village affairs of Beijing committee formed a survey group to investigate the villager's views about collective dining rooms. They found out that most villagers are opposed to eat in those rooms, and published a report about that.
As an official media, Beijing Daily has propagated many stories of "advanced individuals" and "advanced collectivities". Among them are: tiler Zhang Baifa, woodcutter's crew leader Li Ruihuan, fitter Ni Zhifu, hygiene worker Shi Chuanxiang, Tianqiao Department Store, Shijingshan Steel Corporation Dolomite Workshop, Pack Basket Store at Zhoukoudian Supply & Marketing Cooperative, Nanhanji Production Brigade, salesman Zhang Binggui, Great Wall Raincoat Company manager Zhang Jieshi and Big Bowl Tea Trade Group. From January to March 1971, it continually published hundreds of stories, quotations, and photographs of Wang Fuguo, a Daxing County party branch secretary. These reports strongly exaggerated his "routes struggle" consciousness. In September 1973, it published a letter from a primary school student who had conflicts with his teacher. The letter was praised by Gang of Four, and was described as "introducing an important question about education reform".:212
The Theory Weekly is published every Monday, comprising four pages. Its main readers are members of party and government organizations. About a third of the articles are less than 1000 words. Three fifths of the theory propaganda articles appear on the front page of the weekly.:150–153 About half of the articles are interpretations to CPC files or lectures given by party leaders. 1/4 of articles discuss social problems and social thoughts.:156
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